This study focuses on the cognitive processes involved in creole genesis: relexification, reanalysis, and direct leveling. The role of these processes is documented by a detailed comparison of Haitian creole with its two major contributing languages, French and Fongbe, to illustrate how mechanisms from source languages show themselves in creole. The author examines the input of adult, as opposed to child, speakers and resolves the problems in the three main approaches, universalist, superstratist and substratist, which have been central to the recent debate on creole development.
Table of ContentsPreface; List of abbreviations; 1. The problem of creole genesis and linguistic theory; 2. Cognitive processes involved in creole genesis; 3. The research methodology; 4. Functional category lexical entries involved in nominal structure; 5. The preverbal markers encoding relative tense, mood and aspect; 6. Pronouns; 7. Functional category lexical entries involved in the structure of the clause; 8. The determiner and the structure of the clause; 9. The syntactic properties of verbs; 10. Are derivational affixes relexified? 11. The concatenation of words in compounds; 12. Parameters; 13. Evaluation of the hypothesis; 14. Theoretical consequences; Appendices; Notes; References; Indexes.