Crossing Over Sea and Land: Jewish Missionary Activity in the Second Temple Period

Crossing Over Sea and Land: Jewish Missionary Activity in the Second Temple Period

by Michael F. Bird

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Overview

Crossing Over Sea and Land: Jewish Missionary Activity in the Second Temple Period by Michael F. Bird

What was the extent and nature of Jewish proselytizing activity amongst non-Jews in Palestine and the Greco-Roman diaspora leading up to and during the beginnings of the Christian era? Was there a clear missional direction? How did Second-Temple Judaism recruit converts and gain sympathizers? This book strives to address these questions, representing an update of the discussion while also breaking new ground. A "source book" of key texts is provided at the end.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780801045639
Publisher: Baker Publishing Group
Publication date: 01/01/2010
Pages: 224
Product dimensions: 5.40(w) x 8.40(h) x 0.60(d)

About the Author

Michael F. Bird (PhD, University of Queensland) is lecturer in theology at Ridley Melbourne Mission and Ministry College in Australia. He is also Distinguished Research Professor of Theology at Houston Baptist University. He is the author of Jesus and the Origins of the Gentile Mission and The Saving Righteousness of God, and is a co-contributor to the biblical studies blog "Euangelion."

Table of Contents

Preface vii

Abbreviations ix

1 Introduction 1

Excursus: "Jews" and "Judaism" 13

2 Defining "Mission" and "Conversion" in the Ancient World 17

Mission and Conversion: Sociological and Ideological Elements 18

Conclusion 43

Excursus 1: God-Fearers 44

Excursus 2: Proselytism and Demographics 52

3 Jewish Missionary Activity in Palestine 55

Forced Conversions in Palestine 55

Qumran 61

Matthew 23:15 66

Inscriptions from Palestine 70

Rabbinic Literature 72

4 Jewish Missionary Activity in the Diaspora 77

Socioreligious Context of the Diaspora 77

Pagan Attraction to Judaism 83

Josephus 93

Philo 103

Apologetic-Propagandistic Literature 109

Greek and Latin Literature 121

5 Evidence from the New Testament and Early Christian Literature 133

An Early Jewish Christian Mission to Gentiles 134

Missionary Competition between Jews and Christians 140

Conclusion 148

6 Conclusion 149

Appendix: Source Book on Gentile Conversions and Jewish Missionary Activity 157

Bibliography 177

Index of Modern Authors 193

Index of Subjects 197

Index of Ancient Sources 199

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