Reviewer: Nicole Mitchell, MA, MLIS (University of Alabama at Birmingham)
Description: Volume 7 of the Springer Optimization and Its Applications series, this book is an in-depth look at "the development of appropriate methods for extracting useful information" from data in biomedicine. As the editors state in the preface, "data mining techniques play an essential role in analyzing and integrating" datasets such as drug discovery, understanding human genomes or the human brain, disease diagnosis, and the biological processes that bring about these concepts.
Purpose: The chapters discuss varying facets of data mining in the field of biomedicine. Subjects include new approaches in analyzing biomedical data and applying data mining techniques to other areas in medical practice as well as reviews of recent trends in biomedical data mining.
Audience: According to the editors, experts in industrial and systems engineering (Pardolos and Boginski) and modeling and optimization software (Vazacopoulos), this book is aimed at scientists and practitioners in the fields of biomedicine, engineering, mathematics, and computer science as well as graduate students and is appropriate for a variety of readers.
Features: The book is divided into five parts covering new developments, techniques in diagnosing diseases, studies in genomics and proteomics, using data mining to characterize and predict protein structure, and applying data mining techniques to studies in brain dynamics. Some of the recent developments featured in part I are gene expression profiling, sparse component analysis, and entropy and graph clustering. Part III explores such topics as mathematical programming formulas and bioinformatics for traumatic brain injury. In perhaps the most interesting section, part V delves into the role of data mining techniques, like EEG analysis and brain models, to help understand the epileptic brain. One shortcoming of this book is that parts I and V are significantly longer than the others. Part I, for instance, has 11 chapters while part IV has only two. While recent developments in data mining certainly deserve attention, the other topics may have been shortchanged. Filled with various diagrams, charts, and equations, the book features a list of contributing authors, with their respective contact information, as well as an index. Each chapter includes a list of references.
Assessment: A well compiled volume on the application of data mining to biomedicine, this book will be a welcome addition to the literature. Librarians will be particularly interested in the chapter on "Ontology Search and Text Mining of MEDLINE Database" which offers methods for "building concept hierarchies" in MEDLINE.