This volume contains the ten most cited articles that have appeared in the journal Atmosphere-Ocean since 1995. These articles cover a wide range of topics in meteorology, climatology and oceanography. Modelling work is represented in five papers, covering global climate model development; a cumulus parameterization scheme for global climate models; development of a regional forecast modelling system and parameterization of peatland hydraulic processes for climate models. Data rehabilitation and compilation in order to support trend analysis work on comprehensive precipitation and temperature data sets is presented in four papers. Field studies are represented by a paper on the circumpolar lead system. While the modelling studies are global in their application and applicability, the data analysis and field study papers cover environments that are specifically, but not uniquely, Canadian. This book will be of interest to researchers, students and professionals in the various sub-fields of meteorology, oceanography and climate science.
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About the Author
Guoqi Han is a Research Scientist at Fisheries and Oceans Canada, and an Adjunct Professor at Memorial University, Canada. His main research field is physical oceanography, including coastal ocean modelling, satellite oceanography, as well as ocean climate variability and change. He publishes regularly in peer-reviewed scientific journals. He serves as an Editor-in-Chief of Atmosphere-Ocean, an Academic Editor of PLOS One, and an editorial member of Ocean Modelling. He is the Lead Scientist for ocean sciences in the Surface Water and Ocean Topography – Canada (SWOT-C) Program. He is a Vice Chair, Commission A: Space Studies of Earth’s Surface, Meteorology and Climate, Committee on Space Research. He was awarded the Prize in Applied Oceanography by the Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society in 1998.
Hai Lin is a Research Scientist at Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), in the Meteorological Research Division. He is also an Adjunct Professor at the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences of McGill University, Canada. His research interests include large-scale atmospheric dynamics, climate variability and numerical weather prediction. He leads the research and development of sub-seasonal and seasonal prediction systems in Recherche en Prévision Numérique of ECCC. He was the recipient of the 2010 President’s Prize of the Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society. He publishes regularly in international journals, served as an Associate Editor of Monthly Weather Review and is an Editor-in-Chief of Atmosphere-Ocean. He is a member of the Steering Group for Subseasonal to Seasonal Prediction of the World Weather Research Programme and World Climate Research Programme of the World Meteorological Organization.
Douw Steyn is a Professor Emeritus of Atmospheric Science at The University of British Columbia, Canada, in the Department of Earth Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences. His professional, teaching and research activities are in the field of air pollution meteorology, boundary layer meteorology, mesoscale meteorology, environmental science and interdisciplinary science. His research involves measurement and modelling studies of regional air pollution, especially in regions with complex terrain. He publishes regularly in international peer reviewed literature, has served as Editor of Atmosphere-Ocean and on the editorial board of Boundary Layer Meteorology. He is an Accredited Consulting Meteorologist and has international consultancy experience in his areas of expertise. He has been awarded the Mentorship Medal of the Canadian Federation of Earth Sciences and the Andrew Thompson Prize in Applied Meteorology by CMOS, and is a Fellow of CMOS.
Table of Contents
Foreword David Grimes 1. Introduction Douw Steyn, Guoqi Han and Hai Lin 2. The International Polar Year (IPV) Circumpolar Flaw Lead (CFL) System Study: Overview and the Physical System D.G. Barber, M.G. Asplin, Y. Gratton, J. V. Lukovich, R. J. Galley, R. L. Raddatz and D. Leitch 3. Rehabilitation and analysis of Canadian daily precipitation time series Eva Mekis and William D. Hogg 4. Temperature and precipitation trends in Canada during the 20th century Xuebin Zhang, Lucie A. Vincent, W.D. Hogg and Ain Niitsoo 5. Changes in daily and extreme temperature and precipitation indices for Canada over the twentieth century Lucie A. Vincent and Éva Mekis 6. An Overview of the Second Generation Adjusted Daily Precipitation Dataset for Trend Analysis in Canada Éva Mekis and Lucie A. Vincent 7. Parametrization of peatland hydraulic properties for the Canadian Land Surface Scheme Matthew G. Letts, Nigel T. Roulet, Neil T. Comer, Michael R. Skarupa and Diana L. Verseghy 8. The 15-km version of the Canadian regional forecast system Jocelyn Mailhot, Stephane Bélair, Louis Lefaivre, Bernard Bilodeau, Michel Desgagné, Claude Girard, Anna Glazer, Anne‐Marie Leduc, André Méthot, Alain Patoine, André Plante, Alan Rahill, Tom Robinson, Donald Talbot, André Tremblay, Paul Vaillancourt, Ayrton Zadra and Abdessamad Qaddouri 9. The Canadian Fourth Generation Atmospheric Global Climate Model (CanAM4). Part I: Representation of Physical Processes Knut von Salzen, John F. Scinocca, Norman A. McFarlane, Jiangnan Li, Jason N. S. Cole, David Plummer, Diana Verseghy, M. Cathy Reader, Xiaoyan Ma, Michael Lazare and Larry Solheim 10. Sensitivity of Climate Simulations to the Parameterization of Cumulus Convection in the Canadian Climate Center General-Circulation Model G.J. Zhang and Norman A. McFarlane 11. The UVic Earth System Climate Model: Model description, climatology, and applications to past, present and future climates Andrew J. Weaver, Michael Eby, Edward C. Wiebe, Cecilia M. Bitz, Phil B. Duffy, Tracy L. Ewen, Augustus F. Fanning, Marika M. Holland, Amy MacFadyen, H. Damon Matthews, Katrin J. Meissner, Oleg Saenko, Andreas Schmittner, Huaxiao Wang and Masakazu Yoshimori