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Eastern Kentucky, Appalachia September 4, 2007
Head down, her eyes skimming the ground, Mariah Lockwood walked the woods. She was looking for ginseng, not to dig and sell its roots as so many Appalachians did, but to count the plants that sprang from the precious roots. At this altitude, the herb was especially easy to spot right now with its yellowing leaves and clusters of red berries. The buried treasure of the ginseng root was worth millions to its buyers, especially in the massive Chinese market. Wild wood American ginseng, locally called sang, was getting so rare it was threatened, and that's where she came in.
Seven years ago, her daughter, Jessica, had gotten her the nice-paying job of ginseng counter in these parts. The human-body-shaped ginseng root was on the U.S. government's endangered species list. If Mariah's yearly count went down too far, exports would cease and lots of Appalachians, as well as the Chinese and other deep-pocket buyers, would be spitting mad.
Since the sun was sinking fast, this site would be Mariah's last stop of the day. Yet, feeling the pinch of hunger, she stopped to pluck some pawpaws. Most places, the little, banana-shaped fruits ripened later, but where the setting sun streamed past the peaks, they were ready early. Their sweet flavor was an acquired taste, but she and Jessie loved them baked and served with cream.
As she savored the soft pulp, Mariah wondered what her girl was eating in Hong Kong at that big conference on cultivating ginseng. Probably chop suey, rice and lots of tea. More than once, Jessie had wanted her mother to travel with her, but traveling to Lexington for her doctorate graduation was as far as Mariah wanted to stray from this area she knew and loved.
"This is the forest primeval," Jessie had quoted from some poem the last time the two of them had walked the woods. Ever since Mariah had agreed to let Dr. Elinor Gering take Jessie into her home near the Kentucky university campus in Lexington, she'd taken fast to book-learning, though the little town of Deep Down and its people still ran fierce in her blood. Although Jessie used to spend every August here, she'd been too busy this year, and Mariah couldn't help but wonder if Drew Webb's return had something to do with that.
Before she checked her last sang spotone of her secret ones, far back in the smallest hardwood cove huddled up to the stony skirts of Snow Knobshe got her a notion to walk the rocks of Bear Creek, just like in the old days. She and Nate had courted here beside its rushing waters, jumping from rock to rock and sitting out on the biggest one to share corn bread and kisses. When they were both nineteen, smack-dab in the middle of that rocktheir island, they'd called ithe'd asked her to marry up with him, and Jessie had been born the very next year. The precious, nearby sang patch had provided roots that paid for her gold wedding band, their marriage license and some blankets and dishes to set up housekeeping.
With her pack slung over her shoulder, she jumped to the first rock, then leapt from stone to stone, just as she and Nate had, holding hands. The year Jessie turned eight, she'd lost him in a freak accident when he was repairing a barn roof for extra cash. Though she was still young and could have used someone to support them, she'd never wanted to wed again. A one-woman man, that was her. And sometimes here, like right now, she felt her curly haired and sky-blue-eyed Nate was still with her, laughing, leaping. No way this place made her sad.
Finally, reluctantly, much farther down the creek, she stepped back on firm ground again. In the spring or after a rain, the creek rose high and covered some of these stones as if they weren't here at alllike folks you'd loved and lost but you knew were still there, just below the surface of your rushing thoughts.
From the slant of sun, Mariah reckoned it was after seven. Evening shadows stretched long and dark, 'specially here at the foot of Snow Knob. Hurrying now, she set off again. She was fixin' to get this last site counted before she went home. The familiar forest trail snaked through the fern-carpeted floor ever deeper into the basswood and walnut trees, the kinds sang liked for company. A ragged canopy overhead that threw mottled shade and sunthat was sang country.
Already she could hear Bear Falls, which fed the creek, crashing down its limestone stairs. She'd once joshed Seth Bearclaws, the only full-blooded Cherokee round here, by asking if the falls were named after him. But Seth didn't have a sense of humor, 'specially about someone counting or digging sang in the old sacred places of his people.
As if the thought of diggers had summoned them, Mariah's practiced eye picked up signs they'd been through here, or at least someone had used the sharp edge of a shovel or hoe as a kind of cane as he walked this path. A few small limbs were snapped off too, as if to mark a way back out. She prayed they hadn't found her special spot, untouched all these twenty-eight years, maybe even longer. Folks not only poached sang off-season, but outright stole and even killed to get or protect the root. Right now was legal sang season, but diggers had to get a license and fill out all kinds of government forms when they sold it, and the local game was to get around all that. Her friend Cassie had said she thought picking sang was a rite of passage 'round here, and Drew Webb had opined it had something to do with testosterone, or whatever that male hormone was that made men feisty and daring.
Vern Tarver, who owned the sang store and historical museum in town, had argued that if George Washington knew the value of ginseng and Daniel Boone made money selling it, why should folks today have to change their ways? Appalachians over the centuries had considered hunting anything, anytime, their God-given right and couldn't abide the government telling them what to do. Not when sang money had brought many of their kin through the Depression or tided them over in other tough times.
Mariah figured it didn't take the likes of Vern Tarver to know sang roots were worth as much as one thousand dollars a pound in Asian markets. It was next to useless to try to tell Eastern Kentuckians to let the sang alone for a few years till it matured or to be sure to replant the precious berries when they dug up a site, no matter if the new sheriff said times and laws were different now.
The Chinese buyers who came into Vern Tarver's store, smooth as they were with their clean hands and hard cash, Mariah liked less than poachers or careless diggers. The big money market encouraged ripping out roots, legal season or not, and she knew Vern was only too happy to play middleman to get his cut. No use trying to talk sense to him, 'specially not since she'd told him to stop trying to sweetheart her. He'd near on had a fit when she'd told him no to his fancy marriage proposal, and if he couldn't accept that, just not to come 'round no more.
Yes, she saw the footsteps with the hoe marks heading toward her deep woods sang patch. If that fancy GPS thingamajig or the tiny cell phone the government had given her worked worth a darn in these hills and hollers, she'd use them right now to call Sheriff Drew Webb, tell him to watch in town for illegal sales of prime, old roots. She'd have him stake out another spot she knew. She could give him the location by the landmarks she always went by, never mind satellite coordinates that were no good, no how here. Why use things in outer space to find where you were, when you knew these woods like your own back forty?
Mariah hunkered down to examine the torn ground where someone had dug out the patch of sangfour-prongers, at least, if she rightly recalled her notes from last count. In all her forty-eight years, this was the weirdest-looking dig she'd seen. Odd hoe marks, strangely curved, pierced the ground in a pattern. A big hoe, a sharp one, but not carelessly used. No, the slashes in the earth were exact, deep and powerfully placed.
She couldn't picture anyone from Deep Down doing this so precisely, then stuffing their prizes in the usual pillowcase or backpack and just hightailing it back to town. Strangest of all, the lopped-off yellowing plants and their red berries were laid out in designs around the edge, like some foreign work of art.
Then, even through the muted roar of the falls and the rustling leaves, she heard a sound she couldn't place.
What in creation? A footstep? Someone snapping a branch? She'd been a wildcrafter almost all her life, picking wild herbs, mushrooms and moss to sell to outsiders as far away as Highboro or even Lexington. She knew the normal forest sounds and scents, but some new, heavy smellfetid and yeasty, or was it moth balls? came to her on the breeze.
Slowly, in the middle of the ravaged, rearranged sang patch, she stood. Turning her head, she tried to pierce the narrow shafts of sun stabbing almost horizontal between the tree trunks. For once, this vast, deep woods seemed to press in on her. Mariah had never claimed to have the sixth sense of some mountain women, including her own mother, but she sensed danger now. Someone else was out here close, something waiting for the shadows to deepen, maybe for her to leave. It could be a bear, but she didn't think so. They liked to make themselves real scarce, and they didn't smell like that. It wasn't skunk, she thought, as her nostrils flared.
Hair prickled on the nape of her neck. Maybe she'd surprised a digger who'd rubbed some sort of homemade liniment or bug juice on his skin, and he was watching, waiting. Maybe he knew she'd recognize him and didn't want to get caught without a license, afraid she'd tell Drew Webb.
For the first time in her life, alone in the woods, Mariah Lockwood tasted bitter, raw fear. She'd surprised poachers and diggers before, and they could be as dangerous as those who grew the stuff and guarded it with shotguns and no shut-eye. But she'd always just made a quick retreat or told them she'd keep quiet. When a mountain person made a vow, that was that. So why did this feel different?
Hefting her pack with her precious records and lists of landmarks, Mariah edged back toward the path she'd taken coming in. She wouldn't walk the rocks of the creek this time, but hightail it back to the old logging road.
Then, about thirty feet away, she saw something blocking her path.
She let out a half grunt, half scream. The sun-streaks behind the large, dark thing blinded her. Was it a bear? This was not some sort of prank or joke. Pure menace reeked from it, along with that smell.
She threw her trembling arms over her head to make herself look larger and shouted in a loud voice, "Bear, go! Go!" Not only did it not run, but it took a step forward and lifted something in its paw or hand.
Not a bear, no, it held itself more erect. And bears didn't use tools. Bulky, maybe human, but grotesque with that furthat obscured face and strange-shaped head. Despite all the legends of forest creatures, none told of an Appalachian yeti or big ape. It had something shiny and sharp in its paw or hand. Hellfire, had that thing been digging sang?
Though it would take hours in the dark to get back down to town another way, she turned and fled. Her pulse pounded in her ears; her innards nearly let loose. The things in her pack bounced; the shoulder strap slipped down her arm so the pack almost tripped her. She hadn't run dead out in years
Her breath rasped in her throat. Was this a nightmare, and she'd wake up? Was that thing a haint like folks said appeared from the dead? A shape-changing monster from one of Seth's Cherokee myths?
She took a tumble over a tree root and lost her pack. She scrambled up again, on hands and knees at first, then stumbling, staggering. It was coming after her in wide strides at a jogging pace, breaking tree limbs, hitting something against tree trunks. With stark fear in her soul, she was sweating, shaking. She did not look back at the thing, but looked into her heart. Jessie, she thought, so far away, so smart. Proud of her, she was, though sometimes she regretted giving her away, sending her away
She had to get away
Despite the heat and humidity hitting her like a hammer, Dr. Jessica Lockwood was excited to get out of the plush, air-conditioned lobby of her Hong Kong hotel. Most people at the conference spoke decent English, but for this foray outside she'd hired one of the translators, Sunny Chan, to accompany her to nearby Ko Shing Street, also called Ginseng Street.
It was only a little after seven in the morningthat would make it just after 7 p.m. of the previous day at home, she thoughtand she was astounded by the impact of the oppressive weather and the push of people, both in business suits and traditional clothing. Cursing her naturally curly, flyaway tresses, sprung loose by the instant steam bath of humidity, she shoved her chin-length hair back behind her ears and headed out.
The crowds seemed as oppressive as the heat. However much she had travelled for research or relaxation, she never quite seemed to shake the habit of judging everything against quiet, little Deep Down, the tiny Appalachian town with a population of 127 where she was rearedraised up, as her mother would put it. Sometimes in her head, the slow, flat drawl of her mother's voice battled with the undulating speech of Elinor, the Lexington professor who had been her guardian from the time she'd turned sixteen.
"I can't believe how busy it is already," Jessie told the petite, pretty translator as people rushed past. "I was hoping to talk to a few ginseng sellers before the masses hit."
"Masses hit?" Sunny echoed in her clipped, British accent as she arched her winged eyebrows. "Oh, you mean before it gets crowded. Believe me, the shop owners would be very honored to speak with you."