Designing Resilience: Preparing for Extreme Events

Designing Resilience: Preparing for Extreme Events

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Overview

In the wake of severe climatic events and terrorist acts, and the emergence of dangerous technologies, communities, nations, and global organizations have diligently sought to create strategies to prepare for such events. Designing Resilience presents case studies of extreme events and analyzes the ability of affected individuals, institutions, governments, and technological systems to cope with disaster.

This volume defines resilience as it relates to disaster management at specific stages: mitigation, prevention, preparation, and response and recovery. The book illustrates models by which to evaluate resilience at levels ranging from individuals to NGOs to governmental jurisdictions and examines how resilience can be developed and sustained. A group or nation’s ability to withstand events and emerge from them with their central institutions intact is at the core of resilience. Quality of response, capacity to improvise, coordination, flexibility, and endurance are also determinants. Individual case studies, including Hurricane Katrina in the United States, the London bombings, and French preparedness for the Avian flu, demonstrate effective and ineffective strategies.

The contributors reveal how the complexity and global interconnectivity of modern systems—whether they are governments, mobile populations, power grids, financial systems, or the Internet—have transcended borders and created a new level of exposure that has made them especially vulnerable to extreme events. Yet these far-reaching global systems also possess the ability to alert and respond at greater speeds than ever before.

The authors analyze specific characteristics of resilient systems—the qualities they possess and how they become resilient—to determine if there are ways to build a system of resilience from the ground up. As such, Designing Resilience will inform a broad range of students and scholars in areas of public administration, public policy, and the social sciences.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780822973706
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press
Publication date: 09/19/2010
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 384
File size: 2 MB

About the Author

Louise K. Comfort is professor of public and urban affairs and director of the Center for Disaster Management at the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs, University of Pittsburgh.

Arjen Boin is associate professor of public administration and founding director of the Stephenson Disaster Management Institute at Louisiana State University.

Chris C. Demchak is associate professor of public administration and policy at the University of Arizona, Tucson.

Table of Contents

Contents List of Tables and Figures Preface 1. The Rise of Resilience / Arjen Boin, Louise K. Comfort, and Chris C. Demchak 2. Resilience: Exploring the Concept and Its Meanings / Mark de Bruijne, Arjen Boin, and Michel van Eeten 3. Designing Adaptive Systems for Disaster Mitigation and Response: The Role of Structure / Louise K. Comfort, Namkyung Oh, Gunes Ertan, and Steve Scheinert 4. Lessons from the Military: Surprise, Resilience, and the Atrium Model / Chris C. Demchak 5. Building Resilience: Macrodynamic Constraints on Governmental Response to Crises / Alasdair Roberts 6. Federal Disaster Policy: Learning, Priorities, and Prospects for Resilience / Thomas A. Birkland 7. Designing Resilience: Leadership Challenges in Complex Administrative Systems / Arjen Boin 8. Rapid Adaptation to Threat: The London Bombings of July 7, 2005 / David Alexander 9. The Price of Resilience: Contrasting the Theoretical Ideal-Type with Organizational Reality / Michel van Eeten, Arjen Boin, and Mark de Bruijne 10. Planning for Catastrophe: How France Is Preparing for the Avian Flu and What It Means for Resilience / Claude Gilbert 11. The Limits of Self-Reliance: International Cooperation as a Source of Resilience / Mark Rhinard and Bengt Sundelius 12. International Disaster Resilience: Preparing for Transnational Disaster / Thomas W. Haase 13. Designing Resilient Systems: Integrating Science, Technology, and Policy in International Risk Reduction / Hui Ling, Taieb Znati, and Louise Comfort 14. Resilience Revisited: An Action Agenda for Managing Extreme Events / Louise K. Comfort, Arjen Boin, and Chris C. Demchak Notes References List of Contributors Index

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