Documents of the Lewis and Clark Expedition

Documents of the Lewis and Clark Expedition

by C. Bríd Nicholson

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Overview

Through its extensive use of primary source materials and invaluable contextual notes, this book offers a documented history of one of the most famous adventures in early American history: the Lewis and Clark expedition.


• Contextualizes the expedition as a part of Thomas Jefferson's vision of America

• Documents all of the previous failed expeditions that Jefferson tried to organize

• Explores the lives of Lewis, Clark, Sacagawea, and York, both before and after the expedition

• Gives a detailed account of the preparations for the expedition

• Notes the political and historical success of the expedition

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781440854552
Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
Publication date: 12/07/2018
Series: ABC-CLIO Eyewitness to History Series
Pages: 242
Product dimensions: 6.90(w) x 10.10(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

C. Bríd Nicholson is associate professor of history at Kean University, in Union, NJ.

Table of Contents

Preface ix

Evaluating and Interpreting Primary Documents xi

Historical Introduction xv

Chronology xxxi

Acknowledgments xliii

Chapter 1 Thomas Jefferson and the American West 1

1 Letter from Thomas Jefferson to General George Rogers Clark (December 4, 1783) 3

2 Letter from General George Rogers Clark to Thomas Jefferson (February 8, 1784) 5

3 Letter from Thomas Jefferson to Marquis de Lafayette (February 9, 1786) 7

4 Letter from Thomas Jefferson to Richard Claiborne (August 7, 1787) 9

5 Letter from Thomas Jefferson to George Washington (January 22, 1793) 10

6 Letter from George Washington to Thomas Jefferson (January 22, 1793) 12

7 American Philosophical Society's Instructions to Andre Michaux (January 23, 1793) 13

8 Thomas Jefferson to Meriwether Lewis (February 23, 1801) 16

9 Letter from Thomas Jefferson to General James Wilkinson (February 23, 1801) 17

10 Letter from Meriwether Lewis to Thomas Jefferson (March 10, 1801) 19

11 Letter from Thomas Jefferson to Robert Livingston (April 18, 1802) 20

12 Letter from General George Rogers Clark to Thomas Jefferson (December 12, 1802) 24

Chapter 2 Preparation for the Expedition West 27

13 Meriwether Lewis: Estimated Costs of Missouri River Expedition (January 1803) 29

14 Jefferson's Secret Message to Congress (January 18, 1803) 30

15 Letter from Meriwether Lewis to Thomas Jefferson (April 20, 1803) 33

16 Letter from Dr. Benjamin Rush to Thomas Jefferson Containing His Instructions to Meriwether Lewis (June 11, 1803) 37

17 Supplies Ordered by Meriwether Lewis for the Expedition (Spring 1803) 39

18 Letter from Thomas Jefferson to Meriwether Lewis (June 20, 1803) 42

19 Letter from William Clark to Meriwether Lewis (July 18, 1803) 48

20 Letter from Meriwether Lewis to Thomas Jefferson (July 22, 1803) 49

21 Gifts for the Native American Population (Spring 1803) 51

22 Letter from Dr. Benjamin Rush to Meriwether Lewis (May 17, 1803) 53

23 Letter from Meriwether Lewis to Thomas Jefferson (September 8, 1803) 55

24 Letter from Meriwether Lewis to Thomas Jefferson (September 13, 1803) 57

Chapter 3 The Voyage West 59

25 They Proceeded On-The Journey Begins. Camp Dubois, Illinois (May 14, 1804) 60

26 Military Discipline-Court-Martials (May 17, 1804) 63

27 Meriwether Lewis Joins with Main Group. St. Charles, Missouri (May 20, 1804) 66

28 Leaving St. Charles, Missouri (May 21, 1804) 68

29 The Last Settlement. La Charrette, Missouri (May 25, 1804) 69

30 Organization into Three Squads (May 26, 1804) 70

31 Carroll County, Missouri (June 17, 1804) 73

32 Present-Day Atchison, Kansas (July 4, 1804) 74

33 Illnesses and Cures: St Joseph, Missouri (July 7, 1804) 76

34 Meeting the Sioux at the Kansas-Nebraska Border (July 9, 1804) 78

35 Nature in Nebraska (July 30, 1804) 79

36 Council Bluff, Iowa (August 3, 1804) 81

37 The Death of Sgt. Charles Floyd. Floyds Bluff, Southern Sioux City, Iowa (August 20, 1804) 84

38 Election. Floyds Bluff, Southern Sioux City, Iowa (August 22, 1804) 85

39 Nebraska-South Dakota Border (August 30, 1804) 86

40 South Dakota (September 11, 1804) 88

41 Fort Mandan, North Dakota (November 3, 1804) 89

42 Fort Mandan, North Dakota (November 4, 1804) 91

43 Fort Mandan, North Dakota (December 7, 1804) 92

44 Christmas Day, Fort Mandan (December 25, 1804) 95

45 Fort Mandan. North Dakota (February 11, 1805) 96

46 Letter from Meriwether Lewis to Thomas Jefferson. Fort Mandan, North Dakota (March 5, 1805) 97

47 Fort Mandan, North Dakota (April 3, 1805) 99

48 Letter from William Clark to Thomas Jefferson (April 3, 1805) 101

49 Letter from Meriwether Lewis to Thomas Jefferson. Fort Mandan, North Dakota (April 7, 1805) 102

50 The Corps Leave Fort Mandan (April 7, 1805) 106

51 McCone County, Montana (May 5, 1805) 108

52 Montana (May 19, 1805) 112

53 The Judith River (May 29, 1805) 113

54 Marias River, Montana (June 3, 1805) 115

55 Montana (June 29, 1805) 118

56 Montana (June 30, 1805) 120

57 The Iron Boat (July 9, 1805) 122

58 Three Forks River, Montana (July 28, 1805) 125

59 Montana (August 12, 1805) 127

60 Shoshone Village (August 17, 1805) 129

61 Near Tendoy, Idaho (August 18, 1805) 131

62 Bitterroot Mountains (September 16, 1805) 132

63 From the Journal of William Clark (September 18, 1805) 133

64 Clearwater County, Idaho (September 20, 1805) 134

65 Clearwater County, Idaho (September 26, 1805) 136

66 Northwest of Modern Starbuck, Washington, at Lyons Ferry State Park (October 13, 1805) 136

67 Estuary of the Columbia River (November 7, 1805) 137

68 The Vote (November 24, 1805) 138

Chapter 4 Return Journey 141

69 Fort Clatsop, Astoria, Oregon (December 29, 1805) 143

70 Fort Clatsop, Astoria, Oregon (January 1, 1806) 144

71 Fort Clatsop, Astoria, Oregon (January 2, 1806) 145

72 Fort Clatsop (January 3, 1806) 146

73 Fort Clatsop, Astoria, Oregon (January 5, 1806) 147

74 Fort Clatsop, Astoria, Oregon (January 6, 1806) 148

75 Fort Clatsop, Astoria, Oregon (March 17, 1806) 149

76 Leaving Fort Clatsop (March 23, 1806) 150

77 At Modern-Day Cascades-Bonneville Dam, Columbia River, Oregon (April 11, 1806) 151

78 Columbia River, Benton County, Oregon (April 27, 1806) 153

79 Kamiah, Idaho (May 11, 1806) 155

80 Kamiah, Idaho (May 16, 1806) 156

81 Kamiah, Idaho (June 2, 1806) 158

82 Through Montana (July 3, 1806) 161

83 Logan, Montana (July 13, 1806) 162

84 Great Falls, Montana (July 15, 1806) 163

85 Pompey's Tower, Billings, Montana (July 25, 1806) 166

86 Marias Rover, The Great Plains (July 27, 1806) 167

87 Mountrail County, North Dakota (August 11, 1806) 170

88 The Mandan Village (August 14, 1806) 171

89 The Mandan Village (August 16, 1806) 172

90 North Dakota (August 17, 1806) 173

91 Letter from William Clark to Toussaint Charbonneau (August 20, 1806) 175

92 On the Missouri River (September 19, 1806) 177

93 Near Charrette Township, Missouri (September 20, 1806) 178

94 Letter from Meriwether Levis to Thomas Jefferson (September 23, 1806) 179

95 The Last Journal Entry (September 26, 1806) 184

96 Kentucky (October 2, 1806) 185

97 From Thomas Jefferson to Meriwether Lewis (October 20, 1806) 186

98 Jefferson Writes to Congress about the Achievements of Lewis and Clark (December 2, 1802) 187

99 James Madison Appoints Frederick Bates as Secretary of Louisiana (January 31, 1807) 188

100 Federalist Poetry (March 1807) 190

101 Letter to Thomas Jefferson from Henry Dearborn (March 12, 1807) 193

Chapter 5 The Trouble with Home 195

102 Patrick Gass Published His Journals (1807) 198

103 Letter from Frederick Bates to Richard Bates (April 15, 1809) 199

104 Letter from Frederick Bates to Richard Bates (July 14, 1809) 201

105 Letter from Thomas Jefferson to Meriwether Lewis (August 16, 1809) 202

106 From Meriwether Lewis to James Madison (September 16, 1809) 203

107 Letter from James Neely to Thomas Jefferson (October 18, 1809) 205

108 Letter from Richard Bates to Clement B. Penrose (October 20, 1809) 207

109 Letter from Frederick Bates to Richard Bates (November 9, 1809) 208

110 Letter from Thomas Jefferson to James Madison (November 26, 1809) 210

111 Letter from Thomas Jefferson to Paul Allen (August 18, 1813) 212

112 Letter from Thomas Jefferson to William Clark (September 8, 1816) 218

113 Louisiana (1814) 220

114 The Death of York (1832) 221

Appendix: List of the Lewis and Clark Expedition Members 223

Bibliography 227

Index 233

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