Echoes of Scripture in the Gospels answers these questions. Richard B. Hays chronicles the dramatically different ways the four Gospel writers interpreted Israel’s Scripture and reveals that their readings were as complementary as they were faithful. In this long-awaited sequel to his Echoes of Scripture in the Letters of Paul, Hays highlights the theological consequences of the Gospel writers’ distinctive hermeneutical approaches and asks what it might mean for contemporary readers to attempt to read Scripture through the eyes of the Evangelists. In particular, Hays carefully describes the Evangelists’ practice of figural reading—an imaginative and retrospective move that creates narrative continuity and wholeness. He shows how each Gospel artfully uses scriptural echoes to re-narrate Israel’s story, to assert that Jesus is the embodiment of Israel’s God, and to prod the church in its vocation to engage the pagan world.
Hays shows how the Evangelists summon readers to a conversion of their imagination. The Evangelists’ use of scriptural echo beckons readers to believe the extraordinary: that Jesus was Israel’s Messiah, that Jesus is Israel’s God, and that contemporary believers are still on mission. The Evangelists, according to Hays, are training our scriptural senses, calling readers to be better scriptural people by being better scriptural poets.
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About the Author
Table of ContentsPreface Introduction: Figural Interpretation of Israel’s Scripture The Evangelists as Readers of Israel’s Scripture 1. The Gospel of Mark - Herald of Mystery §1 “Take heed what you hear” Mark as Interpreter of Scripture §2 Apocalyptic Judgment and Expectancy Israel’s Story in Mark’s Narrative §3 Jesus as the Crucified Messiah §4 Watchful Endurance The Church’s Suffering in Mark’s Narrative §5 “Hidden in order to be revealed” Mark’s Scriptural Hermeneutics 2. The Gospel of Matthew - Torah Transfigured §6 The Law and the Prophets Fulfilled Matthew as Interpreter of Scripture §7 The End of Exile Israel’s Story in Matthew’s Narrative §8 Jesus as Emmanuel §9 Making Disciples of All Nations The Church’s Mission in Matthew’s Narrative §10 The Transfiguration of Torah Matthew’s Scriptural Hermeneutics 3. The Gospel of Luke - The Liberation of Israel §11 Continuing the Scriptural Story Luke as Interpreter of Scripture §12 The Promise of Israel’s Liberation Israel’s Story in Luke’s Narrative §13 Jesus as the Redeemer of Israel §14 Light to the Nations The Church’s Witness in Luke’s Narrative §15 Opened Eyes and Minds Luke’s Scriptural Hermeneutics 4. The Gospel of John - The Temple of His Body §16 “Come and see” John as Interpreter of Scripture §17 “Salvation is from the Jews” Israel’s Story in John’s Narrative §18 Jesus as the Temple §19 The Vine and the Branches The Church’s Oneness in John’s Narrative §20 The Figural Web John’s Scriptural Hermeneutics Conclusion: Did Not Our Hearts Burn within Us? Notes Bibliography Index of Scripture and Ancient Sources Index of Names
What People are Saying About This
In this stimulating volume, Hays aims at a conversion of our imagination. By thoroughly discussing how the four Gospels adopt Scripture and create their stories of Jesus by the use of numerous Scriptural echoes, Hays lays the foundations of a biblical theology of the Four Gospels.
A real masterwork from one of the most creative of contemporary New Testament scholars. Anyone who feels nervous about exploring a fully theological reading of the Gospels will take heart from this comprehensive, sophisticated and profoundly nourishing account of how the Gospels themselves use Scripture theologically and invite us to do the same.
Richard Hays has written another wonderful book. Exhibiting the extraordinary literary sensitivity and erudition of his Echoes of Scripture in the Letters of Paul, Hays produces here an even more important argument than in that previous, now-classic work. By tracing carefully the underpinnings of Hebrew biblical allusions in the Gospels, Hays shows how tightly these works are bound up with Israel, the God of Israel, and the Scripture of Israel. The theological implications of this work are astounding. Hays expresses it all in clear and limpid prose that makes the exegesis and the stakes clear as a be
A masterful achievement by a great scholar at the peak of his powers, Echoes of Scripture in the Gospels is a book that I expect to be revisiting for the rest of my life. Richard Hays traces with both depth and clarity the diverse uses the evangelists make of the Hebrew scriptures. His conclusion draws its title from the Emmaus Road story: ‘Did not our hearts burn within us?’ Indeed they did, and do.
Roughly a quarter of a century after his groundbreaking monograph Echoes of Scripture in the Letters of Paul, Richard Hays stimulates the ongoing discussion of intertextuality in New Testament writings with an impressive analysis of Scripture’s polyphonic resonance in the four canonical stories of Jesus and how these intertextual semantic effects contribute substantially to the meaning and rhetorical cogency of the narratives. Richard Hays’ ability to survey broad fields of knowledge and to synthesize complex textual phenomena makes Echoes of Scripture in the Gospels essential reading for everyone who is interested in the relevance of Scripture for understanding New Testament texts.
Richard Hays’ Echoes of Scripture in the Gospels allows us to hear a rich chorus of voices in Scripture long silent. Like his Echoes in the Letters of Paul, Hays has performed nothing less than a Copernican revolution in turning the whole discipline of literary parallels and influences upon an author ‘inside out’: Instead of New Testament authors like Mark or Matthew reaching back to pluck some citation to fit their need in presenting the gospel, Hays demonstrates that it was Scripture itself pressing and prodding and pushing its way into the formative thoughts and sermons and teachings about Jesus. instead of a monotone word of the Evangelists’ redaction, now suddenly a mixed chorale of melodies, a heavenly polyphony of scriptural songs burst through brightly, brilliantly to illuminate the ‘good news’ of God’s reign. In Hays’ Echoes of Scripture in the Gospels, God is anything but silent.
InEchoes of Scripture in the Gospels,Richard Hays reads the four Gospels with an acuity of perception that is unmatched. His attention to scriptural subtexts allows each of the evangelists' visions to emerge from behind centuries' worth of obscuring and false assumptions, and to seize one's imagination afresh. Hays' prose is elegant and his arguments are utterly persuasive. Are we really prepared to hear the evangelists speak with this kind of clarity and power?
This exceptional book combines thoroughness and elegance in equal measure, also conjoiningscholarly rigour with bold Christian conviction in its conclusions. Richard Hays has produced here a gripping account of the diverse approaches of the evangelists to the Old Testament, and it is a volume to which I can confidently predict I will return again and again.
Every time Richard Hays has written a major book, he has opened our eyes to previously unimagined possibilities. This new book will do that too, only this time the view is an even more breathtaking invitation to fresh exegesis and theology. Echoes of Scripture in the Gospels challenges us to think differently about the way we read each of the four gospelsand therefore, by implication, about the traditions and early communities that stand behind them, and ultimately the elusive but powerful figure of the master exegete whose scripture-laden story these documents are telling.