Edward M. Almond and the US Army: From the 92nd Infantry Division to the X Corps

Edward M. Almond and the US Army: From the 92nd Infantry Division to the X Corps

by Michael E. Lynch


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This study presents a comprehensive look at a complex man who exhibited an unfaltering commitment to the military and to his soldiers but whose career was marked by controversy. As a senior Army officer in World Wars I and II, Lt. Gen. Edward M. Almond lived by the adage that "units don't fail, leaders do." He was chosen to command the 92nd Infantry Division — one of only two African American divisions to see combat during WWII — but when the infantry performed poorly in Italy in 1944—1945, he asserted that it was due to their inferiority as a race and not their maltreatment by a separate but unequal society. He would later command the X Corps during the Inchon invasion that changed the course of the Korean War, but his accomplishments would be overshadowed by his abrasive personality and tactical mistakes.

This book addresses how Almond's early education at the Virginia Military Institute, with its strong Confederate and military influences, shaped his military prowess. Presented is a thorough assessment of Almond's military record; how he garnered respect for his aggressiveness, courage in combat, strong dedication, and leadership; and how he was affected by the loss of his son and son-in-law in combat during WWII. Following the war, Almond would return to the US to assume command of the US Army War College, but would find himself unprepared for a changing world. This volume asserts that since his death, his bigoted views have come to dominate his place in history and undermine his military achievements.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780813177984
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
Publication date: 10/15/2019
Series: American Warriors Series
Pages: 440
Sales rank: 633,826
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.40(d)

About the Author

Michael E. Lynch is assistant professor at the US Army War College and research historian for the US Army Heritage and Education Center. He is a contributing author to Drawdown: The American Way of War and Black History of Shippensburg, Pennsylvania, 1860-1936.

Table of Contents

Coming of Age, 1892-1916
Introduction to Combat, 1916-1919
Soldier as Teacher, 1919-1933
Education of a Senior Officer, 1933-1941
Almond Takes Commang, 1941-1943
Trouble at Fort Huachuca, 1943-1944
Initial Success in Italy, 1944-1945
Winter of Discontent, 1945
Tragedy and Redemption, 1945
New Challenges in Japan, 1946-1950
Planning for War, 1950
Initial Success in Korea, September-November 1950
Winter of Discontent, 1951
Tragedy and Redemption, Spring 1951
A Final Assignment: Back to School, 1951-1953
Retirement and Epilogue: 1953-1979

What People are Saying About This

From the Publisher

"An astute, nuanced examination of one of the US Army's most confounding combat leaders. In teasing out the contradictions in Edward M. Almond's unabashed life, with scrupulous scholarship and an unsparing eye, Michael E. Lynch also gives an insightful portrait of our 20th century Army." — Rick Atkinson, author of An Army at Dawn, winner of the Pulitzer Prize for history

"Lynch has written an impressively researched and balanced biography of one of the Army's most controversial officers. Like or hate Ned Almond, this book belongs in the collections of all those interested in the US Army's experience in the Korean War and in its officer corps." — Brian McAllister Linn, author of Elvis's Army: Cold War GI's and the Atomic Battlefield

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