Energy in Perspective

Energy in Perspective

by Jerry B. Marion

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Overview

Energy in Perspective attempts to place the 1973 ""energy crisis"" in perspective. It discusses sources of energy, its uses, and the projections for the future. It is concerned primarily with the patterns of energy consumption, the fuels required to produce this energy, and the effect that energy usage is having on the environment. It examines the overall situation and discusses both the short-term problems and the long-term outlook. Emphasis is given to questions of fuel supplies and new energy technologies rather than crisis remedies such as gasoline rationing, reduced speed limits, and fuel oil allocations. The book also engages in an exercise of ""futurism"": How much energy will be needed in the year 2000? In the year 2050? How much fuel can be extracted from the Earth by these dates? What new technologies will be available in 25 or 75 years?
This book is intended for use in classroom courses as a text or supplementary text and for individual reading. It is not intended as a sourcebook of new and authoritative data. The figures, estimates, and projections given here are not original; instead, they represent what the author believes to be the most reliable information and the most reasonable projections available at present.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781483260211
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Publication date: 09/03/2013
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 220
File size: 4 MB

Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1 The Energy Crisis

The Nature of the Crisis 1 The Future—Bright or Bleak?

Chapter 2 Work, Energy, and Power

The Definition of Work

Energy

Conservation of Energy—Forms of Energy

Energy Conversion

Efficiency in Energy Conversions

Power

Energy Units and Conversions

Questions and Exercises

Chapter 3 Energy Consumption—Today and the Future

How Much Energy Do We Use?

How Do We Use Our Energy?

Energy Usage in the Future

Questions and Exercises

Chapter 4 Sources of Energy

The Changing Sources of Energy

Water Power

Fossil Fuels

The Formation of Coal and Petroleum Substances

Coal Supplies

Oil Supplies

The Processing of Petroleum

Natural Gas Supplies

Alternate Sources of Liquid Petroleum

Coal Gasification and Liquefaction

Nuclear Fuel

Geothermal Energy

Tidal Power

Electricity from Solar Radiation

Solar Heating

Other Forms of Solar Energy

Energy Storage

Questions and Exercises

Chapter 5 Nuclear Power

Protons, Neutrons, and Nuclei

Nuclear Masses

The Binding Energy Curve

Nuclear Fission

Chain Reactions

Plutonium

Isotopic Enrichment of Uranium

Nuclear Reactors

The Moderation and Control of Fission Neutrons

The Nuclear Power Industry

Breeder Reactors

Benefit versus Risk

Nuclear Fusion

Fusion Reactors—Prospect for the Future

Thermonuclear Fission—A New Twist on Nuclear Energy

Questions and Exercises

Appendix. On the Feasibility of Coal-Driven Power Stations

Chapter 6 The Effects of Nuclear Radiations

The Discovery of Radioactivity

Nuclear Changes

The Half-Life

The Interaction of Radiation with Matter

Neutrons

Radiation Units

Radioactivity Produced by Reactors

Radiation Damage in Biological Systems

Relative Biological Effectiveness and the Rem

Radiation Exposure

Effects of Radiation Damage

Public Exposure to Radiation

The Other Side of the Coin

Questions and Exercises

Chapter 7 Energy and the Environment

The Effects of Water Power

Fossil Fuels—Multiple Threats

Environmental Effects of Carbon Dioxide and Carbon Monoxide

Thermal Pollution

Questions and Exercises

Chapter 8 Outline for the Future

The Short Term (1975-1976)

The Near Intermediate Term (to 1980)

The Intermediate Term (to 1990)

The Long Term (to 2020 or 2050)

Questions and Exercises

Appendix Powers-of-Ten Notation

Suggestions for Further Reading

Index

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