Environmental Chemistry

Environmental Chemistry

by Peter O'Neill

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780045510863
Publisher: Routledge
Publication date: 08/28/1985
Pages: 176

Table of Contents

A The oxygen-rich planet.- 1 History of the Earth.- 1.1 Development of life.- 1.2 Distribution of the elements.- 1.3 Geochemical cycles.- 2 Oxygen.- 2.1 Chemical-compound formation.- 2.2 Molecular oxygen in the atmosphere.- B Major elements found in living matter.- 3 Hydrogen.- 3.1 Isotopes of hydrogen.- 3.2 Water.- 4 Carbon.- 4.1 The carbon cycle.- 4.2 Aqueous systems.- 4.3 Photosynthesis and the formation of carbon compounds.- 4.4 Energy.- 4.5 Geochemical accumulation of solar energy.- 5 Nitrogen.- 5.1 Natural transformation processes in the nitrogen cycle.- 5.2 Nitrogen oxides in the atmosphere.- 5.3 Nitrogen fertilisers.- 5.4 Nitrate in water supplies.- 5.5 Balanced diet and food production.- 6 Sulphur.- 6.1 The sulphur cycle.- 6.2 The sulphur-dioxide problem.- C Major elements in the Earth’s crust.- 7 Silicon.- 7.1 Silicate minerals.- 7.2 Weathering.- 8 Iron.- 8.1 Iron in natural systems.- 8.2 Iron in industrial systems.- 8.3 Corrosion.- 9 Aluminium.- 9.1 Aluminium in industrial systems.- 9.2 Aluminium in solution.- 10 Calcium and magnesium.- 10.1 Formation of calcareous rocks.- 10.2 Water hardness.- 10.3 Heart disease.- 11 Sodium and potassium.- 11.1 Clay minerals.- 11.2 Potassium fertilisers.- 11.3 Fluids in organisms.- 11.4 Radioactive potassium.- D Minor elements and environmental problems.- 12 Lead.- 13 Mercury.- 14 Zinc and cadmium.- 14.1 Sewage-sludge disposal.- 14.2 Toxicity of cadmium.- 14.3 Zinc.- 15 Phosphorus.

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