"Every Valley Shall Be Exalted": The Discourse of Opposites in Twelfth-Century Thought

by Constance Brittain Bouchard

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Overview

"Every Valley Shall Be Exalted": The Discourse of Opposites in Twelfth-Century Thought by Constance Brittain Bouchard

In high medieval France, men and women saw the world around them as the product of tensions between opposites. Imbued with a Christian culture in which a penniless preacher was also the King of Kings and the last were expected to be first, twelfth-century thinkers brought order to their lives through the creation of opposing categories. In a highly original work, Constance Brittain Bouchard examines this poorly understood component of twelfth-century thought, one responsible, in her view, for the fundamental strangeness of that culture to modern thinking.Scholars have long recognized that dialectical reasoning was the basic approach to philosophical, legal, and theological matters in the high Middle Ages. Bouchard argues that this way of thinking and categorizing—which she terms a "discourse of opposites"—permeated all aspects of medieval thought. She rejects suggestions that it was the result of imprecision, and provides evidence that people of that era sought not to reconcile opposing categories but rather to maintain them. Bouchard scrutinizes the medieval use of opposites in five broad areas: scholasticism, romance, legal disputes, conversion, and the construction of gender. Drawing on research in a series of previously unedited charters and the earliest glossa manuscripts, she demonstrates that this method of constructing reality was a constitutive element of the thought of the period.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781501713644
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Publication date: 05/31/2017
Edition description: Reprint
Pages: 192
Product dimensions: 5.80(w) x 8.80(h) x 0.60(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Constance Brittain Bouchard is Distinguished Professor of Medieval History at the University of Akron. Among her many books are "Every Valley Shall Be Exalted," "Strong of Body, Brave and Noble," Holy Entrepreneurs, and Sword, Miter, and Cloister, all from Cornell.

Table of Contents

Introduction1. Scholasticism: "The Last Shall Be First"2. Romance and Epic: "Honor Abandoned Because of Love"3. Conversion: "A Poor Man from a Rich Man"4. Conflict Resolution "He Humbly Delivered Himself to Justice"5. Gender: "Male and Female Created He Them"Conclusion

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