As demand for natural resources increases due to the rise in world population and living standards, conflicts over their access and control are becoming more prevalent. This book critically assesses different approaches to and conceptualizations of resource fairness and justice and applies them to the analysis of resource conflicts.
Approaches addressed include cosmopolitan liberalism, political economy and political ecology. These are applied at various scales (local, national, international) and to initiatives and instruments in public and private resource governance, such as corporate social responsibility instruments, certification schemes, international law and commodity markets. In doing so, the contributions contrast existing approaches to fairness and justice and extend them by taking into account the interplay between political scales, regions, resources, and power structures in "glocalized" resource politics.
Various case studies are included concerning agriculture, agrofuels, land grabbing, water resources, mining and biodiversity. The volume adds to the academic and policy debate by bringing together a variety of disciplines and perspectives in order to advance both a research and policy agenda that puts notions of resource fairness and justice center-stage.
About the Author
Melanie Pichler is a Post-doctoral Researcher and Lecturer at the Institute of Social Ecology, Alpen-Adria-Universität Klagenfurt, Austria and an Associate of the International Political Ecology Research Group at the University of Vienna.
Cornelia Staritz is Senior Researcher at the Austrian Foundation for Development Research (ÖFSE), Austria and Research Associate at Policy Research in International Services and Manufacturing (PRISM), University of Cape Town, South Africa.
Karin Küblböck is Senior Researcher at the Austrian Foundation for Development Research (ÖFSE), Austria and Lecturer in Development Economics at the University of Vienna.
Christina Plank is a PhD candidate and Lecturer at the Department of Political Science, University of Vienna, Austria.
Werner Raza is Director of the Austrian Foundation for Development Research (ÖFSE), Austria.
Fernando Ruiz Peyré is Assistant Professor at the Institute of Geography, University of Innsbruck, Austria.
Table of Contents
1. Fairness and Justice in Natural Resource Politics: An Introduction
Melanie Pichler, Cornelia Staritz, Karin Küblböck, Christina Plank, Werner Raza and Fernando Ruiz Peyré
Part 1: Conceptual Approaches to Resource Fairness and Justice
2. Liberal Global Justice and Social Science
3. What’s Democracy Got to Do With It? A Political Ecology Perspective on Socio-ecological Justice
4. Social Costs and Resource Creation: Essential Elements of a Political Economy Approach to Resource Fairness
Part 2: Empirical Cases on Resource Fairness and Justice
5. Integrated Water Resources Management in Brazil: Participatory Approaches as a Way to Resource Justice?
6. Claims for Local Justice in Natural Resource Conflicts: Lessons from Peru’s Mining Sector
Melanie Coni-Zimmer, Annegret Flohr and Andreas Jacobs
7. Corporate Social Responsibility: A Globally Applicable Tool to Manage Community-company Relations in the Extractive Sector?
8. Increasing Fairness in Global Value Chains? Possibilities and Limitations of Fair Trade Standards for the Agricultural and Mineral Sector
Jutta Kister and Fernando Ruiz Peyré
9. The Soy-production’s Fair(y) Tale? Latin American Perspectives on Globalized Dynamics, Territoriality, and Environmental Justice
Robert Hafner and Martin Coy
10. Greening the Imperial Mode of Living? Socio-ecological (In)Justice, Electromobility, and Lithium Mining in Argentina
11. Foreign Involvement in Small-scale Gold Mining in Ghana and its Impact on Resource Fairness
Gordon Crawford and Gabriel Botchwey
12. Elite Capture and the Development of Natural Resource Linkages in Mozambique
Lars Buur and Celso Marcos Monjane
13. The Agrofuels Project in Ukraine: How Oligarchs and the EU Foster Agrarian Injustice
14. Price Risks and Resource Fairness in Commodity Trading: The Cotton and Coffee Sectors in Sub-Saharan Africa
Cornelia Staritz, Bernhard Tröster and Karin Küblböck
15. Responsibility for Financing Biodiversity Conservation: An Analysis of the Convention on Biological Diversity