Written from the migration systems perspective, From Peasants to Labourers places the migration of Ukrainian and Belarusan peasant-workers within the context of Old and New World economic structures and state policies. Through painstaking analysis of thousands of personal migrant files in the archives of the Russian consulates in Canada, Kukushkin fills a void in our knowledge of the geographic origins, spatial trajectories, and ethnic composition of early twentieth-century Canadian immigrants from Eastern Europe. From Peasants to Labourers also provides important insights into the nature of ethnic identity formation through an exploration of the meaning of "Russianness" in early twentieth-century Canada.
About the Author
Vadim Kukushkin teaches Canadian history at the University of Alberta and Grant MacEwan College.
Table of ContentsTables, Figures, and Maps ix
A Note on Transliteration, Terminology, and Dates xv
Economy, Society, and Migration on Russia's Western Frontier 12
The Anatomy of Migration 30
An Airtight Empire? 55
"So Close to Being Asiatics" 81
Frontiersmen and Urban Dwellers 93
Sojourners and Soldiers 118
A Difficult Constituency: Priests, Preachers, and Immigrants 138
Bolsheviks or Rebels? 163
The Likacheff-Ragosine-Mathers Collection as a Statistical Source 198