When the corpse of a Russian is hauled from the oily waters of Havana Bay, Arkady Renko comes to Cuba to identify the body. Looking for the killer, he discovers a city of faded loneliness, unexpected danger, and bewildering contradictions. His investigation introduces him to a beautiful Cuban policewoman; to the rituals of Santeria; to an American fugitive and a group of ruthless mercenaries. In this place where all things Russian are despised, where Hemingway fished and the KGB flourished, where the hint of music is always in the air, Arkady finds a trail of deceit that reaches halfway around the world–and a reason to relish his own life again.
From the Paperback edition.
About the Author
From the Hardcover edition.
Hometown:San Rafael, California
Date of Birth:November 3, 1942
Place of Birth:Reading, Pennsylvania
Education:B.A., University of Pennsylvania, 1964
Read an Excerpt
A police boat directed a light toward tar-covered pilings and water, turning a black scene white. Havana was invisible across the bay, except for a single line of lamps along the seawall. Stars rode high, anchor lights rode low, otherwise the harbor was a still pool in the night.
Soda cans, crab pots, fishing floats, mattresses, Styrofoam bearded with algae shifted as an investigation team of the Policía Nacional de la Revolución took flash shots. Arkady waited in a cashmere overcoat with a Captain Arcos, a barrel-chested little man who looked ironed into military fatigues, and his Sergeant Luna, large, black and angular. Detective Osorio was a small brown woman in PNR blue; she gave Arkady a studied glare.
A Cuban named Rufo was the interpreter from the Russian embassy. "It's very simple," he translated the captain's words. "You see the body, identify the body and then go home."
"Sounds simple." Arkady tried to be agreeable, although Arcos walked off as if any contact with Russians was contamination.
Osorio combined the sharp features of an ingenue with the grave expression of a hangman. She spoke and Rufo explained, "The detective says this is the Cuban method, not the Russian method or the German method. The Cuban method. You will see."
Arkady had seen little so far. He had just arrived at the airport in the dark when he was whisked away by Rufo. They were headed by taxi to the city when Rufo received a call on a cellular phone that diverted them to the bay. Already Arkady had a sense that he was unwelcome and unpopular.
Rufo wore a loose Hawaiian shirt and a faint resemblance to the older, softer Muhammad Ali. "The detective says she hopes you don't mind learning the Cuban method."
"I'm looking forward to it." Arkady was nothing if not a good guest. "Could you ask her when the body was discovered?"
"Two hours ago by the boat."
"The embassy sent me a message yesterday that Pribluda was in trouble. Why did they say that before you found a body?"
"She says ask the embassy. She was certainly not expecting an investigator."
Professional honor seemed to be at stake and Arkady felt badly outclassed on that score. Like Columbus on deck, Captain Arcos scanned the dark impatiently, Luna his hulking shadow. Osorio had sawhorses erected and stretched a tape that read NO PASEO. When a motorcycle policeman in a white helmet and spurs on his boots arrived, she chased him with a shout that could have scored steel. Somehow men in T-shirts appeared along the tape as soon as it was unrolled-what was it about violent death that was better than dreams? Arkady wondered. Most of the onlookers were black; Havana was far more African than Arkady had expected, although the logos on their shirts were American.
Someone along the tape carried a radio that sang, "La fiesta no es para los feos. Qué feo es, señor. Super feo, amigo mío. No puedes pasar aquí, amigo. La fiesta no es para los feos."
"What does that mean?" Arkady asked Rufo.
"The song? It says, 'This party is not for ugly people. Sorry, my friend, you can't come.' "
Yet here I am, Arkady thought.
A vapor trail far overhead showed silver, and ships at anchor started to appear where only lights had hung moments before. Across the bay the seawall and mansions of Havana rose from the water, docks spread and, along the inner bay, loading cranes got to their feet.
"The captain is sensitive," Rufo said, "but whoever was right or wrong about the message, you're here, the body's here."
"So it couldn't have worked out better?"
"In a manner of speaking."
Osorio ordered the boat to back off so that its wash wouldn't stir the body. A combination of the boat's light and the freshening sky made her face glow.
Rufo said, "Cubans don't like Russians. It's not you, it's just not a good place for a Russian."
"Where is a good place?"
This side of the harbor, now that Arkady could see it, was like a village. A hillside of banana palms overhung abandoned houses that fronted what was more a cement curb than a seawall that stretched from a coal dock to a ferry landing. A wooden walkway balanced on black pilings captured whatever floated in. The day was going to be warm. He could tell by the smell.
"Vaya a cambiar su cara, amigo. Feo, feo, feo como horror, señor."
In Moscow, in January, the sun would have crept like a dim lamp behind rice paper. Here it was a rushing torch that turned air and bay into mirrors, first of nickel and then to vibrant, undulating pink. Many things were suddenly apparent. A picturesque ferry that moved toward the landing. Little fishing boats moored almost within reach. Arkady noticed that more than palms grew in the village behind him; the sun found coconuts, hibiscus, red and yellow trees. Water around the pilings began to show the peacock sheen of petroleum.
Detective Osorio's order for the video camera to roll was a signal for onlookers to press against the tape. The ferry landing filled with commuters, every face turned toward the pilings where, in the quickening light floated a body as black and bloated as the inner tube it rested in. Shirt and shorts were split by the body's expansion. Hands and feet trailed in the water; a swim fin dangled casually on one foot. The head was eyeless and inflated like a black balloon.
"A neumático," Rufo told Arkady. "A neumático is a fisherman who fishes from an inner tube. Actually from a fishing net spread over the tube. Like a hammock. It's very ingenious, very Cuban."
"The inner tube is his boat?"
"Better than a boat. A boat needs gasoline."
Arkady pondered that proposition.
A diver in a wet suit slid off the police boat while an officer in waders dropped over the seawall. They clambered as much as waded across crab pots and mattress springs, mindful of hidden nails and septic water, and cornered the inner tube so that it wouldn't float away. A net was thrown down from the seawall to stretch under the inner tube and lift it and the body up together. So far, Arkady wouldn't have done anything differently. Sometimes events were just a matter of luck.
The diver stepped into a hole and went under. Gasping, he came up out of the water, grabbed onto first the inner tube and then a foot hanging from it. The foot came off. The inner tube pressed against the spear of a mattress spring, popped and started to deflate. As the foot turned to jelly, Detective Osorio shouted for the officer to toss it to shore: a classic confrontation between authority and vulgar death, Arkady thought. All along the tape, onlookers clapped and laughed.
Rufo said, "See, usually, our level of competence is fairly high, but Russians have this effect. The captain will never forgive you."
The camera went on taping the debacle while another detective jumped into the water. Arkady hoped the lens captured the way the rising sun poured into the windows of the ferry. The inner tube was sinking. An arm disengaged. Shouts flew back and forth between Osorio and the police boat. The more desperately the men in the water tried to save the situation the worse it became. Captain Arcos contributed orders to lift the body. As the diver steadied the head, the pressure of his hands liquefied its face and made it slide like a grape skin off the skull, which itself separated cleanly from the neck; it was like trying to lift a man who was perversely disrobing part by part, unembarrassed by the stench of advanced decomposition. A pelican sailed overhead, red as a flamingo.
"I think identification is going to be a little more complicated than the captain imagined," Arkady said.
The diver caught the jaw as it dropped off from the skull and juggled each, while the detectives pushed the other black, swollen limbs pell-mell into the shriveling inner tube.
"Feo, tan feo. No puedes pasar aquí, amigo. Porque la fiesta no es para los feos."
The rhythm was . . . what was the word? Arkady wondered. Unrelenting.
Across the bay a golden dome seemed to burst into flame, and the houses of the Malecón started to express their unlikely colors of lemon, rose, royal purple, aquamarine.
It really was a lovely city, he thought.
Light from the high windows of the autopsy theater of the Instituto de Medicina Legal fell on three stainless-steel tables. On the right-hand table lay the neumático's torso and loose parts arranged like an ancient statue dredged in pieces from the sea. Along the walls were enamel cabinets, scales, X-ray panel, sink, specimen shelves, freezer, refrigerator, pails. Above, at the observation level, Rufo and Arkady had a semicircle of seats to themselves. Arkady hadn't noticed before how scarred Rufo's brows were.
"Captain Luna would rather you watched from here. The examiner is Dr. Blas."
Rufo waited expectantly until Arkady realized he was supposed to react.
"The Dr. Blas?"
"The very one."
Blas had a dapper Spanish beard and wore rubber gloves, goggles, green scrubs. Only when he appeared satisfied that he had a reasonably complete body did he measure it and search it meticulously for marks and tattoos, a painstaking task when skin tended to slide wherever touched. An autopsy could take two hours, as much as four. At the left-hand table Detective Osorio and a pair of technicians sorted through the deflated inner tube and fishnet; the body had been left tangled in them for fear of disturbing it any more. Captain Arcos stood to one side, Luna a step behind. It occurred to Arkady that Luna's head was as round and blunt as a black fist with red-rimmed eyes. Already Osorio had found a wet roll of American dollar bills and a ring of keys kept in a leaky plastic bag. Fingerprints wouldn't have survived the bag, and she immediately dispatched the keys with an officer. There was something appealingly energetic and fastidious about Osorio. She hung wet shirt, shorts and underwear on hangers on a rack.
While Blas worked he commented to a microphone clipped to the lapel of his coat.
"Maybe two weeks in the water," Rufo translated. He added, "It's been hot and raining, very humid. Even for here."
"You've seen autopsies before?" Arkady asked.
"No, but I've always been curious. And, of course, I'd heard of Dr. Blas."
Performing an autopsy on a body in an advanced stage of putrefaction was as delicate as dissecting a soft-boiled egg. Sex was obvious but not age, not race, not size when the chest and stomach cavities were distended, not weight when the body sagged with water inside, not fingerprints when hands that had trailed in the water for a week ended in digits nibbled to the bone. Then there was the gaseous pressure of chemical change. When Blas punctured the abdomen a flatulent spray shot loudly up, and when he made the Y incision across the chest and then to groin, a wave of black water and liquefied matter overflowed the table. Using a pail, a technician deftly caught the viscera as they floated out. An expanding pong of rot-as if a shovel had been plunged into swamp gas-took possession of the room, invading everyone's nose and mouth. Arkady was glad he had left his precious coat in the car. After the first trauma of the stench-five minutes, no more-the olfactory nerves were traumatized and numb, but he was already digging deep into his cigarettes.
Rufo said, "That smells disgusting."
"Russian tobacco." Arkady filled his lungs with smoke. "Want one?"
"No, thanks. I boxed in Russia when I was on the national team. I hated Moscow. The food, the bread and, most of all, the cigarettes."
"You don't like Russians, either?"
"I love Russians. Some of my best friends are Russian." Rufo leaned for a better view as Blas spread the chest for the camera. "The doctor is very good. At the rate they're going you'll have time to make your plane. You won't even have to spend the night."
"Won't the embassy make a fuss about this?"
"The Russians here? No."
Blas slapped the pulpy mass of the heart in a separate tray.
"You don't think they're too indelicate, I hope," Rufo said.
"Oh, no." To be fair, as Arkady remembered, Pribluda used to root through bodies with the enthusiasm of a boar after nuts. "Imagine the poor bastard's surprise," Pribluda would have said. "Floating around, looking up at the stars, and then bang, he's dead."
Arkady lit one cigarette from another and drew the smoke in sharply enough to make his eyes tear. It occurred to him that he was at a point now where he knew more people dead than alive, the wrong side of a certain line.
"I picked up a lot of languages touring with the team," Rufo said. "After boxing, I used to guide groups of singers, musicians, dancers, intellectuals for the embassy. I miss those days."
Detective Osorio methodically laid out supplies that the dead man had taken to sea: thermos, wicker box, and plastic bags of candles, rolls of tape, twine, hooks and extra line.
Usually, an examiner cut at the hairline and peeled the forehead over the face to reach the skull. Since in this case both the forehead and the face had already slipped off and bade adieu in the bay, Blas proceeded directly with a rotary saw to uncover the brain, which proved rotten with worms that reminded Arkady of the macaroni served by Aeroflot. As the nausea rose he had Rufo lead him to a tiny, chain-flush lavatory, where he threw up, so perhaps he wasn't so inured after all, he thought. Maybe he had just reached his limit. Rufo was gone, and walking back to the autopsy theater on his own, Arkady went by a room perfumed by carboys of formaldehyde and decorated with anatomical charts. On a table two feet with yellow toenails stuck out from a sheet. Between the legs lay an oversized syringe connected by a tube to a tub of embalming fluid on the floor, a technique used in the smallest, most primitive Russian villages when electric pumps failed. The needle of the syringe was particularly long and narrow to fit into an artery, which was thinner than a vein. Between the feet were rubber gloves and another syringe in an unopened plastic bag. Arkady slipped the bag into his jacket pocket.
When Arkady returned to his seat, Rufo was waiting with a recuperative Cuban cigarette. By that time, the brain had been weighed and set aside while Dr. Blas fit head and jaw together.
Although Rufo's lighter was the plastic disposable sort, he said it had been refilled twenty times. "The Cuban record is over a hundred."
Arkady bit the cigarette, inhaled. "What kind is this?"
" 'Popular.' Black tobacco. You like it?"
"It's perfect." Arkady let out a plume of smoke as blue as the exhaust of a car in distress.
Rufo's hand kneaded Arkady's shoulder. "Relax. You're down to bones, my friend."
The officer who had taken the keys from Osorio returned. At the other table, after Blas had measured the skull vertically and across the brow, he spread a handkerchief and diligently scrubbed the teeth with a toothbrush. Arkady handed Rufo a dental chart he had brought from Moscow (an investigator's precaution), and the driver trotted the envelope down to Blas, who systematically matched the skull's brightened grin to the chart's numbered circles. When he was done he conferred with Captain Arcos, who grunted with satisfaction and summoned Arkady down to the theater floor.
Rufo interpreted. "The Russian citizen Sergei Sergeevich Pribluda arrived in Havana eleven months ago as an attaché to the Russian embassy. We knew, of course, that he was a colonel in the KGB. Excuse me, the new Federal Security Service, the SVR."
"Same thing," Arkady said.
The captain-and in his wake, Rufo-went on. "A week ago the embassy informed us that Pribluda was missing. We did not expect them to invite a senior investigator from the Moscow prosecutor's office. Perhaps a family member, nothing more."
Arkady had talked to Pribluda's son, who had refused to come to Havana. He managed a pizzeria, a major responsibility.
Rufo went on. "Fortunately, the captain says, the identification performed today before your eyes is simple and conclusive. The captain says that a key found in the effects was taken to the apartment of the missing man where it unlocked the door. From an examination of the body recovered from the bay, Dr. Blas estimates that it is a Caucasoid male approximately fifty to sixty years of age, 165 centimeters in height, 90 kilos in weight, in every regard the same as the missing man. Moreover, the dental chart of the Russian citizen Pribluda you yourself brought shows one lower molar filled. That molar in the recovered jaw is a steel tooth which, in the opinion of Dr. Blas, according to the captain, is typical Russian dental work. Do you agree?"
"From what I saw, yes."
"Dr. Blas says he finds no wounds or broken bones, no signs of violence or foul play. Your friend died of natural causes, perhaps a stroke or aneurysm or heart attack, it would be almost impossible to determine which for a body in this condition. The doctor hopes he did not suffer long."
"That's kind of him." Although the doctor appeared more smug than sympathetic.
"The captain, for his part, asks if you accept the observations of this autopsy?"
"I'd like to think about it."
"Well, you accept the conclusion that the body recovered is that of the Russian citizen Pribluda?"
Arkady turned to the examining table. What had been a bloated cadaver was now split and gutted. Of course, there had been no face or eyes to identify anyway, and finger bones never did yield prints, but someone had lived in that ruined body.
"I think an inner tube in the bay is a strange place to find a Russian citizen."
"The captain says they all think that."
"Then there will be an investigation?"
Rufo said, "It depends."
"On many factors."
"The captain says your friend was a spy. What he was doing when he died was not innocent. The captain can predict your embassy will ask us to do nothing. We are the ones who could make an international incident of this, but frankly it is not worth the effort. We will investigate in our own time, in our own way, although in this Special Period the Cuban people cannot afford to waste resources on people who have revealed themselves to be our enemy. Now do you understand what I mean?" Rufo paused while Arcos took a second to compose himself. "The captain says an investigation depends on many factors. The position of our friends at the Russian embassy must be taken into account before premature steps are taken. The only issue we have here is an identification of a foreign national who has died on Cuban territory. Do you accept it is the Russian citizen Sergei Pribluda?"
"It could be," Arkady said.
Dr. Blas sighed, Luna took a deep breath and Detective Osorio weighed the keys in her palm. Arkady couldn't help feeling like a difficult actor. "It probably is, but I can't say conclusively that this body is Pribluda. There's no face, no prints and I doubt very much that you will be able to type the blood. All you have is a dental chart and one steel tooth. He could be another Russian. Or one of thousands of Cubans who went to Russia. Or a Cuban who had a tooth pulled by a Cuban dentist who trained in Russia. Probably you're right, but that's not enough. You opened Pribluda's door with a key. Did you look inside?"
Dr. Blas asked in precisely snipped Russian, "Did you bring any other identification from Moscow?"
"Just this. Pribluda sent it a month ago." Arkady dug out of his passport case a snapshot of three men standing on a beach and squinting at the camera. One man was so black he could have been carved from jet. He held up a glistening rainbow of a fish for the admiration of two whites, a shorter man with a compensating tower of steel-wool hair and, partially obscured by the others, Pribluda. Behind them was water, a tip of beach, palms.
Blas studied the photograph and read the scribble on the back. "Havana Yacht Club."
"There is such a yacht club?" Arkady asked.
"There was such a club before the Revolution," Blas said. "I think your friend was making a joke."
Rufo said, "Cubans love grandiose titles. A 'drinking society' can be friends in a bar."
"The others don't look Russian to me. You can make copies of the picture and circulate them."
The picture went around to Arcos, who put it back into Arkady's hands as if it were toxic. Rufo said, "The captain says your friend was a spy, that spies come to bad ends, as they deserve. This is typically Russian, pretending to help and then stabbing Cuba in the back. The Russian embassy sends out its spy and, when he's missing, asks us to find him. When we find him, you refuse to identify him. Instead of cooperating, you demand an investigation, as if you were still the master and Cuba was the puppet. Since that is no longer the case, you can take your picture back to Moscow. The whole world knows of the Russian betrayal of the Cuban people and, well, he says some more in that vein."
Arkady gathered as much. The captain looked ready to spit.
Rufo gave Arkady a push. "I think it's time to go."
Detective Osorio, who had been quietly following the conversation, suddenly revealed fluent Russian. "Was there a letter with the picture?"
"Only a postcard saying hello," Arkady said. "I threw it away."
"Idiota," Osorio said, which nobody bothered to translate.
"It's lucky you're going home, you don't have many friends here," Rufo said. "The embassy said to put you in an apartment until the plane."
They drove by three-story stone town houses transformed by the revolution into a far more colorful backdrop of ruin and decay, marble colonnades refaced with whatever color was available-green, ultramarine, chartreuse. Not just ordinary green, either, but a vibrant spectrum: sea, lime, palm and verdigris. Houses were as blue as powdered turquoise, pools of water, peeling sky, the upper levels enlivened by balconies of ornate ironwork embellished by canary cages, florid roosters, hanging bicycles. Even dowdy Russian cars wore a wide variety of paint, and if their clothes were drab most of the people had the slow grace and color of big cats. They paused at tables offering guava paste, pastries, tubers and fruits. One girl shaving ices was streaked red and green with syrup, another girl sold sweetmeats from a cheesecloth tent. A locksmith rode a bicycle that powered a key grinder; he wore goggles for the sparks and shavings flying around him as he pedaled in place. The music of a radio hanging in the crook of a pushcart's umbrella floated in the air.
"Is this the way to the airport?" Arkady asked.
"The flight is tomorrow. Usually there's only one Aeroflot flight a week during the winter, so they don't want you to miss it." Rufo rolled the window down. "Phew, I smell worse than fish."
"Autopsies stay with you." Arkady had left his overcoat outside the operating theater and separated the coat now from the paper bag holding Pribluda's effects. "If Dr. Blas and Detective Osorio speak Russian, why were you along?"
"There was a time when it was forbidden to speak English. Now Russian is taboo. Anyway, the embassy wanted someone along when you were with the police, but someone not Russian. You know, I never knew anyone so unpopular so fast as you."
"That's a sort of distinction."
"But now you're here you should enjoy yourself. Would you like to see the city, go to a café, to the Havana Libre? It used to be the Hilton. They have a rooftop restaurant with a fantastic view. And they serve lobster. Only state restaurants are allowed to serve lobster, which are assets of the state."
"No, thanks." The idea of cracking open a lobster after an autopsy didn't sit quite right.
"Or a paladar, a private restaurant. They're small, they're only allowed twelve chairs but the food is much superior. No?"
Perhaps Rufo didn't get a chance to dine out often, but Arkady didn't think he could even watch someone eat.
"No. The major and sergeant were in green uniforms, the detective in gray and blue. Why was that?"
"She's police and they're from the Ministry of the Interior. We just call it Minint. Police are under Minint."
Arkady nodded; in Russia the militia was under the same ministry. "But Arcos and Luna don't usually go out on homicides?"
"I don't think so."
"Why was the captain going on about the Russian embassy?"
"He has a point. In the old days Russians acted like lords. Even now, for Cuban police to ask questions at the embassy takes a diplomatic note. Sometimes the embassy cooperates and sometimes it doesn't."
Most of the traffic was Russian Ladas and Moskviches spraying exhaust and then, waddling as ponderously as dinosaurs, American cars from before the Revolution. Rufo and Arkady got out at a two-story house decorated like a blue Egyptian tomb with scarabs, ankhs and lotuses carved in stucco. A car on blocks sat in residence on the porch.
"'57 Chevrolet." Rufo looked inside at the car's gutted interior, straightened and ran his hand over the flecked paint. From the back. "Tail fins." To the front bumper. "And tits."
From the car key in the bag of effects Arkady knew that Pribluda had a Lada. No breasts on a Russian car.
As they went in and climbed the stairs the door to the ground-floor apartment cracked enough for a woman in a housedress to follow their progress.
"A concierge?" Arkady asked.
"A snoop. Don't worry, at night she watches television and doesn't hear a thing."
"I'm going back tonight."
"That's right." Rufo unlocked the upstairs door. "This is a protocol apartment the embassy uses for visiting dignitaries. Well, lesser dignitaries. I don't think we've had anyone here for a year."
"Is someone from the embassy coming to talk about Pribluda?"
"The only one who wants to talk about Pribluda is you. You like cigars?"
"I've never smoked a cigar."
"We'll talk about it later. I'll be back at midnight to take you to the plane. If you think the flight to Havana was long, wait till you go back to Moscow."
The apartment was furnished with a set of cream-and-gold dining chairs, a sideboard with a coffee service, a nubby sofa, red phone, a bookshelf with titles like La Amistad Russo-Cubana and Fidel y Arte supported by erotic bookends in mahogany. In a disconnected refrigerator a loaf of Bimbo Bread was spotted with mold. The air conditioner was dead and showed the carbon smudges of an electrical fire. Arkady thought he probably showed some carbon smudges of his own.
He stripped from his clothes and showered in a stall of tiles that poured water from every valve and washed the odor of the autopsy off his skin and from his hair. He dried himself on the scrap of towel provided and stretched out on the bed under his overcoat in the dark of the bedroom and listened to the voices and music that filtered from outside through the closed shutters of the window. He dreamed of floating among the playing fish of Havana Bay. He dreamed of flying back to Moscow and not landing, just circling in the night.
Russian planes did that, sometimes, if they were so old that their instruments failed. Although there could be other factors. If a pilot made a second landing approach he could be charged for the extra fuel expended, so he made only one, good or not. Or they were overloaded or underfueled.
He was both.
Circling sounded good.
From the Hardcover edition.
Table of Contents
What People are Saying About This
"There is a great deal of pride here that this country was such a big player on the world stage and continues to stand up to the most powerful country in the world. That strikes a chord with almost every Cuban, no matter how they feel about communism or Castro."
Interviewed in Newsweek, June 7, 1999
On Thursday, May 27th, barnesandnoble.com welcomed Martin Cruz Smith to discuss HAVANA BAY.
Moderator: Welcome, Martin Cruz Smith! Thank you for joining us online this evening to chat about your new book, HAVANA BAY. How are you doing tonight?
Martin Cruz Smith: I am doing well; thank you for asking me.
Pac87@aol.com from xx: Why did you choose Cuba as the backdrop of your latest, HAVANA BAY? What initially drew you to this storied country?
Martin Cruz Smith: I can't say that there was any logic behind it. There was just simply my awareness as a writer -- perhaps I was a little ahead of America's awareness in general, and I wanted to explore this forbidden island off of Florida. I wanted to look at it not from an American perspective but from a Russian perspective because the Russians had been there for 25 years, and they were comrades in arms. I wanted to see what it was like for a Russian in Havana now, and it is far more interesting than I could have imagined. There is a bitter relationship between Russia and Cuba, quite in contrast to the warmth Cubans feel for Americans, although we have been ideological opponents for 40 years. It was in 1992 that the plug was pulled on Russian support for Cuba, and Cuba entered a very difficult period when its economy shrank by two-thirds.
Mickey Tellers from St. Louis, MO: How do you think Renko has evolved over the years? Do you think his character development is a reflection of how you have changed as a person over the years? I can't wait to read HAVANA BAY.
Martin Cruz Smith: He has evolved over the years. It would be very boring to write about someone who didn't change. I suppose I discover a little the way the reader does how he has changed, and at the same time what changes in him has to be very consistent with the book as a whole. His situation has to bear some relationship to Cuba -- there has to be a connection between this island and what is happening with Arkady as well. Why would I choose this book? A lot of these decisions are made on a subconscious level, and you only discover later why things fit. Cuba fits his condition right now, which is cut off and in the dark.
JWC901@aol.com from New Jersey: Did you read the New York Times review of HAVANA BAY today? How seriously do you take your reviews? And what do you have to say to those who think HAVANA BAY has a "glutinous" plot?
Martin Cruz Smith: I take good reviews very seriously, and I dismiss the bad ones. In the beginning, long ago, when I was very young, I thought I was going to get good reviews from everyone, and I have learned over time that doesn't happen. In the past I have been lucky, and I have even been lucky with this reviewer. There are times when I don't believe I don't get the review that I would have written.
Niki from Niki_palek@yahoo.com: What type of investigation and research did you do for this book? Did you spend extensive periods of time in Cuba? Havana specifically?
Martin Cruz Smith: I can't do this kind of book without seeing the place. There is no way to do it without getting your feet wet; it just doesn't happen. I went down four or five times for about two weeks per time and walked the streets, talking to anybody who was willing to try to understand my Spanish, talking to Cuban writers, Cuban forensic experts. It has to be as total an immersion as you can achieve, and then you have to come back here and use this material as fiction. It is the best of both worlds, I like reporting and I like writing fiction, and for me where those two intersect is a very solid place to be.
Wes Jones from Baltimore, MD: With Arkady Renko such a prominent figure in regard to well-known fictional Russian characters, do you consider yourself to be somewhat of an expert on Russia? What are your thoughts on the current economy of Russia? What, generally speaking, are the steps that must be taken to improve the current climate in Russia? Thanks.
Martin Cruz Smith: I don't regard myself as an expert on Russia. I never have regarded myself as an expert on Russia. I certainly have no wisdom to impart in terms of the Russian financial crisis.
Pete Zdrekis from Oyster Bay, NY: I am curious to know how much of the tension that lies between Russia and Cuba that you write about is actually the case. Are you familiar with current relations between the two countries?
Martin Cruz Smith: I am fairly aware of the relations between the two, and certainly there are people on both sides who would like the relations to be better, but the description in HAVANA BAY is an accurate one from talking to Cubans and Russians in Russia. Russians are accused of stealing articles, their cars are pulled over, and there is a great deal of anxiety that the Russian Mafia will infiltrate Cuba -- and from the Cuban point of view, the Russians have been hypocrites and virtual colonizers. There is a huge electronic station just outside Havana, and it is the Russian listening post in the Caribbean, so now there is a huge argument over the rent to be paid. And that is just one small example of how relations have deteriorated.
Steve from Greenwich, CT: The interesting Cuban details are what I found most fascinating about this book -- of course, in addition to the Renko plot, which is up there on a par with your previous works. Can you tell us little bit about the DON QUIXOTE/MADAME BOVARY portions? Is that really the case?
Martin Cruz Smith: This refers to the fact that it has been tradition in cigar factories for the men and women rolling the Puros to be entertained by a reader, who sits at a raised desk and reads newspapers or novels. This is a long-standing tradition, and it was also the reason for political awareness before the political revolution. They were aware of the world outside their cigar factory. In fact, I went to one factory, and there was the reader reading the newspaper for his comrades.
Andy from Hoboken, NJ: Who are some contemporary or noncontemporary authors who write in your genre whose work you respect? Thanks.
Martin Cruz Smith: Among the people who write thrillers or fiction, I certainly was a big fan of Peter Høeg; Robert Harris is very good. Among detective novels, I like Larry Block's Scudder series, particularly WHEN THE SACRED GINMILL CLOSES. Among writers, perhaps my great favorite is Don DeLillo.
Sweet Lou from Down Under: With the end of the cold war, what direction do you see thrillers and spy novels heading?
Martin Cruz Smith: I think that they become terrorist novels. And before we get to the next cold war, America and China, we seem to be gearing up for it with the first spy scares. So I assume the spy novels cannot be far behind.
Stan from Seattle, WA: Do you know if there are any plans to make HAVANA BAY into a movie?
Martin Cruz Smith: No, not at the moment. It would be delightful to have a good movie, to suffer all the complications of a movie, but nothing yet. We'll see...
Matt from Park City, UT: What do you think about William Hurt as Renko? Also, were you happy with the movie version of GORKY PARK?"
Martin Cruz Smith: I was not happy with the movie version; I don't think anybody was. It seems to me like a distinctly dissatisfying film but made with the best intentions around. I was disappointed in what became of Arkady Renko in the film, but at the same time I have to keep in mind that Alec Guinness did such a wonderful job portraying Smiley from Le Carré novels that Le Carré felt that Guinness had stolen the character and he couldn't write him any more. So Renko's lease on life is a benefit of the lack of success of GORKY PARK as a film.
Robert from Sudbury, MA: Do you think you will write any non-Renko novels? Also, how difficult is it to write a recurring character?
Martin Cruz Smith: I do write non-Renko novels; after GORKY PARK I wrote STALLION GATE, and the book before HAVANA BAY was a coal-mining novel set in Victorian England, although I...have learned this is not the way to describe it...so now I simply describe it as the novel that rips the cover off of sex and violence in Victorian England.
Andy from Hoboken, NJ: When you began writing about Renko, did you know he would be a character you would stick with throughout the series? Were you surprised at his success?
Martin Cruz Smith: Good question. As a matter of fact, I had no intention of writing another Renko novel, and I think that is what has kept him alive, because I never think of him as a series character. After GORKY PARK I thought I had written my Russian novel; then the country began changing and I wanted to be part of that change, but the closest I could get to Russia was a Soviet factory ship, which was quite wonderful because it was like a Russian village, floating off the coast. But Russia was changing, and I was able to get that aboard the ship, spending time with the Russians and the American fishermen, and I thought that [POLAR STAR] was the end of my Russian writing, but the country kept changing -- the rising of the Russians against the revolution -- and then I wrote RED SQUARE. All the time, Renko's life is fitting with the turmoil -- whether tragic or triumphant, there has to be a connection between this character and what is happening in Russia. That is the nature of this kind of character; at the same time there is a strong degree of unpredictability. I don't know what he is like at the beginning of the book. He reveals himself to me more as I plot him, and it is a process of discovery that keeps him fresh.
Moderator: Do you have any books you've been saving up to read this summer?
Martin Cruz Smith: Two books I intend to read this summer are ABOUT A BOY by Nick Hornby and DEAD SOULS -- I will reread that which is among other things the great Russian scam story.
George from NYC: Hi. I'm a huge fan of your work. Your plot lines are always so thrilling -- top-notch suspense! Keep up the good work! Where do your ideas for your books come from? Are you inspired by current events? Once you start writing, how do you map your ideas out so well?
Martin Cruz Smith: The first bunch of ideas doesn't have to be good. The trick is to get an obvious idea; let the subtle ideas come later. Doing a novel set in Russia from a Russian's point of view -- that is an obvious idea. And then I did have another good obvious idea, which was to expand HAVANA BAY to go beyond a Russian point of view. Then I could do a mulatto woman's point of view, which lent shade and taste and color and more life then I ever thought the book would have. This detective was the best idea in this book, the most unexpected idea, but it was pretty obvious if you think about it. You couldn't do this idea any other way.
Moderator: Thank you so much for joining us tonight to chat about HAVANA BAY. We wish you the best of luck. Before you go, do you have any closing comments for the online audience?
Martin Cruz Smith: Sure, keep reading. To me, the screen is one more kind of playground for the written word and one more way of sharing ourselves, and if these words slip from the screen and onto the printed page and go from my mind to yours, then this is a worthwhile endeavor, and incidentally I never knew I could type so fast.
Most Helpful Customer Reviews
Far from the icy waters of Polar Star and the blustery Moscow winters, our low-key but tenacious investigator Arkady Renko plies his skills in sultry Havana -- still sporting his cashmere coat. The ironies prevail, African spiritualism against socialist idealism against cold-blooded butchery. As always, Smith takes us places we would not go on our own, and we are thrilled to survive the journey. Makes me wonder where Arkady will venture next.
I suggested to my wife that her book club read this. Hardly anybody liked it but it was the most talked-about book they had read for a year! It's provoking.
Martin Cruz Smith sends the newly widowed Arkaday Renko to Cuba in the fourth book of his series. The first three novels were so good that a let-down was almost inevitable. The writing is as dazzling as ever, but the plot becomes too tangled and improbable. Smith also errs by giving half the book to a Havana policewoman. Renko is the main reason to read the novel, a man who pulls himself from the pit of despair to solve the mystery against the wishes of both Russians and Cubans. Havana Bay is still better than most thrillers, but for Martin Cruz Smith it is a disappointment.
Recommended by a customer - Awesome
Great believable story takes you to the post-Soviet Cuba. Very entertaining novel where all characters are terrific. I redommeded this to all my friends.
It's fun to get wrapped up in a well designed mystery...one that leaves you uncertain before as you read the colorful description of a place you'd like to visit- with people with whom you'd enjoy sharing a drink. Very entertaining- true 'escapism'.