Health Inequality: Morality and Measurement

Health Inequality: Morality and Measurement

by Yukiko Asada

Hardcover

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780802092441
Publisher: University of Toronto Press, Scholarly Publishing Division
Publication date: 11/24/2007
Pages: 256
Product dimensions: 6.27(w) x 9.32(h) x 0.98(d)

About the Author

Yukiko Asada is an assistant professor in the Department of Community Health and Epidemiology at Dalhousie University.

Table of Contents


List of Figures and Tables     ix
Acknowledgments     xiii
Introduction     3
Setting the Stage     3
Traditional and New Approaches     10
The Aim and the Plan     17
Terminology     19
Preliminary Discussion: Why are We Morally Interested in Health Distribution?     20
Framework
Which Health Distributions Are Inequitable?     27
Introduction     27
Equity as Equality in Health     28
Health Inequality as an Indicator of Social Justice     49
Three Egalitarian Reasons Revisited     50
What Measurement Choices Must Be Faced to Measure Health Inequity?     53
Introduction     53
Issues about Health     53
Unit of Time     76
Unit of Analysis     81
Different Perspectives on Health Equity Revisited     89
How Can a Health Distribution Be Summarized into One Number?     95
Introduction     95
Preliminaries     97
The Five Questions: An Overview     101
The Five Questions: A Close Look     105
Summary     129
Framework Revisited     132
Empirical Illustration
BridgingConcepts and Analysis     137
Overview     137
Building Blocks     140
How Healthy Were Americans on Average in 1990 and 1995?     155
Did Health Equity Improve in the United States between 1990 and 1995?     161
Empirical Analyses from Different Perspectives on Health Equity     161
Discussion     183
Conclusion     195
Summary     195
Future Work     200
Five Popular Health Inequality Measures     205
Intermediate Ineguality in the WHO Health Inequality Index     211
The Dead Imputation     216
The Gini Coefficient     219
The Foster-Greer-Thorbecke (FGT) Measure     227
Adjustment of Household Income for Family Size and Structure     234
Notes     237
References     257
Index     281

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