Attitudes towards science, medicine and the body are all profoundly shaped by people’s worldviews. When discussing issues of bioethics, religion often plays a major role. In this volume, the role of genetic manipulation and neurotechnology in shaping human identity is examined from multiple religious perspectives. This can help us to understand how religion might affect the impact of the initiatives such as the UNESCO Declaration in Bioethics and Human Rights.
The book features bioethics experts from six major religions: Buddhism, Confucianism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Judaism. It includes a number of distinct religious and cultural views on the anthropological, ethical and social challenges of emerging technologies in the light of human rights and in the context of global bioethics. The contributors work together to explore issues such as: cultural attitudes to gene editing; neuroactive drugs; the interaction between genes and behaviours; the relationship between the soul, the mind and DNA; and how can clinical applications of these technologies benefit the developing world.
This is a significant collection, demonstrating how religion and modern technologies relate to one another. It will, therefore, be of great interest to academics working in bioethics, religion and the body, interreligious dialogue, and religion and science, technology and neuroscience.
About the Author
Joseph Tham teaches bioethics at Pontifical Athenaeum Regina Apostolorum, Rome, Italy, and is the former Dean of the School of Bioethics. He is a Fellow of the UNESCO Chair in Bioethics and Human Rights.
Chris Durante is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Theology at Saint Peter’s University in New Jersey, USA, as well as a Fellow of the UNESCO Chair in Bioethics & Human Rights, where he serves as the Academic Coordinator of the Bioethics, Multiculturalism & Religion workshops.
Alberto García Gómez is the director of the UNESCO Chair in Bioethics and Human Rights, Rome, Italy. He is Professor of Philosophy of Law and International Law at the School of Bioethics of Pontifical Athenaeum Regina Apostolorum in Rome. Furthermore, he is a researcher of the Human Rights Institute at Complutense University.
Table of Contents
Foreword, Dafna Feinholz
1 Some Convergence of Religious Views on the Ethics of Neurogenetic Technologies
Alberto García Gómez and Claudia Ruiz Sotomayor
2 Cosmopolitan Conversations
PART I Asian Religions: Buddhism
3 Neurogenomics and Neuroeudaimonics: Bioethical Challenges from the Buddhist Perspective
Ellen Y. Zhang
4 Meditation or Medication? A Buddhist Response
5 A Christian Point of View on Buddhist Neuroethics
PART II Asian Religions: Confucianism
6 DNA, Brain, Mind, and Soul: A Confucian Perspective
7 Confucian Bio-Philosophical Naturalism
8 Christian Reflections on Confucian Understandings of the Person
Paul I. Lee
PART III Asian Religions: Hinduism
9 Hinduism and Bioethical Challenges in Neurogenomics
Rahul Peter Das
10 Bioethical Challenges in Neurogenomics: Repositioning Hindu Bioethics
11 Reflections on Neurogenetic Challenges to Human Dignity and Social Doctrine of the Catholic Church
María Elisabeth de los Ríos
PART IV Monotheistic Religions: Christianity and Catholicism
12 Neurogenomics from the Catholic tradition: A succinct anthropological perspective based on recent developments
Alberto Carrara and Giulia Bovassi
13 Technological Advances and the Common Good: A Protestant Christian Response
John K. Graham
14 A Jewish Perspective on Neuroethics and Religion
PART V Monotheistic Religions: Islam
15 Responsibly Seeking Knowledge: an Islamic Understanding of Neurogenomics and Enhancement
Mustafa Abu Sway
16 Ruminations on the Islamic Understanding of Neurogenomics from a Hindu Perspective
17 The Ethical Challenges of Neurogenomics: Nuancing the Islamic Discourse
Aasim I. Padela
PART VI Monotheistic Religions: Judaism
18 If I Only Had Three Eyes! Jewish Perspectives on Genetic Enhancement
Jonathan K. Crane
19 The Absurdity and Profanity of Transforming Human Nature. Further Reflections on Genetic Enhancement from a Jewish Perspective
20 Enhancement, Hubris and Vulnerability of the Human Nature: a Response to the Jewish Perspective
21 Interreligious Perspectives on Emerging Technologies