Although portfolio management didn’t change much during the 40 years after the seminal works of Markowitz and Sharpe, the development of risk budgeting techniques marked an important milestone in the deepening of the relationship between risk and asset management. Risk parity then became a popular financial model of investment after the global financial crisis in 2008. Today, pension funds and institutional investors are using this approach in the development of smart indexing and the redefinition of long-term investment policies.
Written by a well-known expert of asset management and risk parity, Introduction to Risk Parity and Budgeting provides an up-to-date treatment of this alternative method to Markowitz optimization. It builds financial exposure to equities and commodities, considers credit risk in the management of bond portfolios, and designs long-term investment policy.
The first part of the book gives a theoretical account of portfolio optimization and risk parity. The author discusses modern portfolio theory and offers a comprehensive guide to risk budgeting. Each chapter in the second part presents an application of risk parity to a specific asset class. The text covers risk-based equity indexation (also called smart beta) and shows how to use risk budgeting techniques to manage bond portfolios. It also explores alternative investments, such as commodities and hedge funds, and applies risk parity techniques to multi-asset classes.
The book’s first appendix provides technical materials on optimization problems, copula functions, and dynamic asset allocation. The second appendix contains 30 tutorial exercises. Solutions to the exercises, slides for instructors, and Gauss computer programs to reproduce the book’s examples, tables, and figures are available on the author’s website.
About the Author
Thierry Roncalli is head of Research and Development and a member of the executive committee at Lyxor Asset Management. He is also a professor of economics and finance at the Université d'Evry-Val-d'Essonne. Dr. Roncalli has 17 years of experience in finance and is the author of many articles and several books in quantitative finance. He received a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Bordeaux.
Table of Contents
From Portfolio Optimization to Risk Parity
Modern Portfolio Theory
From optimized portfolios to the market portfolio
Practice of portfolio optimization
Risk Budgeting Approach
Risk allocation principle
Analysis of risk budgeting portfolios
Special case: the ERC portfolio
Risk budgeting versus weight budgeting
Using risk factors instead of assets
Applications of the Risk Parity Approach
Application to Bond Portfolios
Some issues in bond management
Bond portfolio management
Risk Parity Applied to Alternative Investments
Case of commodities
Hedge fund strategies
Portfolio Allocation with Multi-Asset Classes
Construction of diversified funds
Long-term investment policy
Absolute return and active risk parity
Appendix A Technical Appendix
Appendix B Tutorial Exercises