Ipperwash: The Tragic Failure of Canada's Aboriginal Policy

Ipperwash: The Tragic Failure of Canada's Aboriginal Policy

by Edward J. Hedican

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781442695023
Publisher: University of Toronto Press, Scholarly Publishing Division
Publication date: 06/17/2013
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 320
File size: 2 MB

About the Author

Edward J. Hedican is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Guelph. He has been teaching and researching anthropology for over 30 years and is the author of several books, including Ipperwash: The Tragic Failure of Canada's Aboriginal Policy (2013) and Applied Anthropology in Canada: Understanding Aboriginal Issues (2008).

Table of Contents

Preface

1. Introduction

  • Ipperwash as a Case Study; Dissent and Society
  • The So-Called ‘Indian Problem’
  • Research on Aboriginal Policy; Legal, Cultural, and Social Variability
  • Modern Aboriginal Conditions
  • The Scope of the Book

2. Aboriginal Policy in Canada

  • The Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (1996)
  • Nunavut: A New Land, A New Deal (1999)
  • Ipperwash Inquiry (1995-2007; Canada Votes against UN Aboriginal Rights Declaration (2007)
  • Prime Minister Harper’s Apology (2008)
  • Aboriginal Leader’s Reactions
  • Urban Aboriginal Strategy (1997-2012)
  • Assessing Canada’s Aboriginal Policy
  • Conclusion

3. The Nature of Aboriginal Rights

  • The Context of Aboriginal Claims
  • The Concept of Aboriginal Rights
  • Treaties and Land Surrenders
  • Aboriginal Claims Policy
  • The Courts and Aboriginal Claims
  • Conclusion

4. The Politics of Resistance and Confrontation

  • Contested Ground: The Nature of Resistance
  • The Ojibway Warrior Society, Kenora, Ontario (1974)
  • The Teme-Augama Anishnabai Logging Blockade (1988)
  • The Innu and the Goose Bay Air Base Occupation (1988)
  • The Lubicon Lake Cree Confrontation (1988)
  • The Mohawk Warrior Society, Oka, Quebec (1990)
  • First Nations Policing Policy (1992)
  • The Gustafsen Lake Standoff (1995)
  • The Burnt Church Fishing Dispute (2002)
  • Caledonia and the Grand River Land Dispute (2006)
  • Grassy Narrows: Mercury Poisoning and Forest Management Protest (2006)
  • The Akwesasne Border Confrontation (2009)
  • Patterns of Resistance: Comparative Perspectives
  • Aboriginal-Police Relations: Resistance and Reconciliation
  • Conclusion

5. The Ipperwash confrontation

  • Aboriginal Origins in Ontario
  • Kettle and Stony Point First Nations
  • Land Cessions
  • The Occupation of Ipperwash Park
  • The Ontario Government’s Response
  • Racial and Culturally Intolerant Attitudes
  • The Shooting of Dudley George
  • The OPP Response
  • A Framework for Police Preparedness
  • Chiefs of Ontario Response to the Framework
  • Did the OPP Forget the Lessons of Ipperwash?
  • Amnesty International is Watching
  • Ipperwash Inquiry Backlash
  • Ipperwash and the Media
  • Conclusion

6. Ipperwash Inquiry Recommendations

  • Ipperwash Inquiry Recommendations
  • Policing Aboriginal Protests and Occupations
  • Facilitating Negotiations
  • Project Maple: Crisis Negotiation
  • Redressive Action
  • Treaty Commission of Ontario
  • Wider Considerations of the Ipperwash Inquiry
  • Update: Return of Land and Settlements
  • Conclusion

7. Ipperwash as Racial Oppression

  • Anti-Native Prejudice
  • Understanding Racial Oppression
  • The Violent Suppression of Aboriginal Protests
  • Policy Recommendations Concerning Aboriginal Protests
  • Aboriginal Policy as an Exercise of Choice?
  • The Systemic Nature of Racial Oppression
  • Conclusion

8. Institutional Racism in Canada

  • The Characteristics of Institutional Racism
  • The Media
  • The Police
  • The State
  • A Policy of Respect, Justice and Tolerance
  • Summary of Aboriginal Issues
  • Concluding Remarks on Aboriginal Protests and Resistance

NOTES

References

Appendix

Index

What People are Saying About This

L. Jane McMillan

‘The events that led up to the death of Dudley George and the history of the Ipperwash inquiry are stories that must be told and taught. In this important contribution to the study of Indigenous policy in Canada, Edward J. Hedican provides a significant and accurate critique of a particularly tragic case, situating it within a broader historical framework not available in such an accessible manner elsewhere in the literature. Ipperwash will succeed in drawing attention to the systemic change required to improve conditions and quality of life in Aboriginal communities.’

From the Publisher

‘The events that led up to the death of Dudley George and the history of the Ipperwash inquiry are stories that must be told and taught. In this important contribution to the study of Indigenous policy in Canada, Edward J. Hedican provides a significant and accurate critique of a particularly tragic case, situating it within a broader historical framework not available in such an accessible manner elsewhere in the literature. Ipperwash will succeed in drawing attention to the systemic change required to improve conditions and quality of life in Aboriginal communities.’

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