Ever since Abraham’s famous argument with God, Judaism has been full of debate. Moses and Korah, David and Nathan, Hillel and Shammai, the Vilna Gaon and the Ba’al Shem Tov, Spinoza and the Amsterdam Rabbis . . . the list goes on. Jews debate justice, authority, inclusion, spirituality, resistance, evolution, Zionism, and more. No wonder that Judaism cherishes the expression machloket l’shem shamayim, “an argument for the sake of heaven.”
In this concise but important survey, Rabbi Barry L. Schwartz presents the provocative and vibrant thesis that debate and disputation are not only encouraged within Judaism but reside at the very heart of Jewish history and theology. In his graceful, engaging, and creative prose, Schwartz presents an introduction to an intellectual history of Judaism through the art of argumentation.
Beyond their historical importance, what makes these disputations so compelling is that nearly all of them, regardless of their epochs, are still being argued. Schwartz builds the case that the basis of Judaism is a series of unresolved rather than resolved arguments.
Drawing on primary sources, and with a bit of poetic license, Schwartz reconstructs the real or imagined dialogue of ten great debates and then analyzes their significance and legacy. This parade of characters spanning three millennia of biblical, rabbinic, and modern disputation reflects the panorama of Jewish history with its monumental political, ethical, and spiritual challenges.
|Publisher:||The Jewish Publication Society|
|Product dimensions:||5.40(w) x 8.50(h) x 0.40(d)|
About the Author
Rabbi Barry L. Schwartz is the director of The Jewish Publication Society in Philadelphia and the spiritual leader of Congregation Adas Emuno in Leonia, New Jersey. He is the author of the acclaimed textbook Jewish Heroes, Jewish Values and several other works. Judaism’s Great Debates is also available in a student edition by Behrman House, Inc.
Table of ContentsAcknowledgments 000
Introduction: Arguing for the Sake of Heaven 000
Part One: Biblical Judaism
1. Abraham and God: The First Jewish Debate over Justice 000
2. Moses and Korah: The Debate over Holiness and Authority 000
3. The Five Daughters and the Twelve Tribes: The Debate over Inclusion 000
4. David and Nathan: The Debate over Accountability and Morality 000
Part Two: Rabbinic Judaism
5. Ben Zakkai and the Zealots: The Debate over Resistance 000
6. Hillel and Shammai: The Debate over Jewish Law 000
7. The Vilna Gaon and the Baal Shem Tov: The Debate over Spirituality 000
Part Three: Modern Judaism
8. Spinoza and the Amsterdam Rabbis: The Debate over Boundaries 000
9. Geiger and Hirsch and Frankel: The Debate over Religious Evolution 000
10. Herzl and Wise: The Debate over Zionism 000
Room for Debate: Questions for Reflection and Discussion 000
Further Debate: Recommended Reading 000