This book discusses light-based science, emphasizing its pervasive influence in science, technology, policy, and education. A wide range of contributors offers a comprehensive study of the tremendous, and indeed foundational, contributions of Ibn al Haytham, a scholar from the medieval period. The analysis then moves into the future development of light-based technology. Written as a multi-disciplinary reference book by leading scholars in the history of science and /or photonics, it covers Ibn al Haytham’s optics, LED lighting for sustainable development, global and atomic-scale time with new light sources, advanced technology, and vision science. Cutting-edge optical technologies and their global impact is addressed in detail, and the later chapters also explore challenges with renewable energy, the global impact of photonics, and optical and photonic education technology. Practical examples and illustrations are provided throughout the text.
About the Author
Azzedine Boudrioua is leading Organic Photonics and Nanostructures group of Laboratoire de Physique des Lasers (LPL) at Galilee Institute – University Paris 13 (France). After my PhD in physics at the University of Metz (1996), he conducted, for 15 years, his research in the field of integrated optics and photonic crystals as an associated professor. He is currently developing activities in the field of nanophotonics as well as nonlinear optics. He published more than 85 journal papers and 2 books and he is involved in different scientific committees and expert panels. He is the coordinator of Ib
Roshdi Rashed is the author of several books and scientific articles in History of Science. He is currently Emeritus Director of Research (special class) at CNRS (France). He was director of the Centre for History of Arab and Medieval Science and Philosophies (until 2001) Paris, and also director of the doctoral formation in epistemology and history of science, Paris Diderot University (until 2001). He is Emeritus Professor at Tokyo University, and at the Mansoura University, and also at the Paris Diderot University. He was a founder (1984) and Director (until May 1993) of the REHSEIS (Research Epistemology and History of Science and Scientific Institutions) research team, CNRS, Paris. He had several distinctions including: the CNRS Bronze medal (1977), Knight of the Honour Legion (1989), the Alexandre Koyré medal of the International Academy for History of Science (1990), the history of science medal and award of the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World (1990), medal and award of Kuwait Foundation for the Advancement of Sciences (1999), Avicenna gold medal of UNESCO (1999), medal of CNRS (2001), medal of the Arab World Institute (2004). He had several honorary positions as Vice-President of the International Academy of the History of Science (1997), member of the Royal Belgian Academy of Sciences (2002), member of the Tunisian Academy "Bayt al-Hikma" (2012).
V. Lakshminarayanan (Ph.D. University of California at Berkeley) is currently a professor of vision science, physics and Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Waterloo. He has held visiting and faculty appointments at the universities of California at Berkeley, at Irvine, University of Missouri, the University of Michigan, Glasgow Caledonian University and the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi. He is also an adjunct professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Ryerson Unversity (Toronto). He has had numerous honors, including Fellow of OSA, SPIE, AAAS, APS, IoP, etc., a senior member of IEEE and the recipient of a number of awards including most recently the Esther Hoffman Beller medal of OSA (2013), and the Optics Educator award of SPIE (2011). He has been a KITP Scholar at the Kavli Institute of Theoretical Physics at the University of California at Santa Barbara. He was a AAAS science an technology policy fellow finalist and serves on the optics advisory board of the Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, Italy. He is a founding member of the UNESCO ALOP program. He also served as member at large of the US IUPAP committee of the NAS, the Chair of the US International Commission on Optics committee, Chair of the APS Committee on International Scientific Affairs, a member of the international steering committee of the International Year of Light 2015, a member of the education committee of the National Photonics Initiative and has served as a director of OSA. He is a consultant to the ophthalmic and medical devices section of the FDA (from 2013). He is technical editor or section editor of a number of journals including Journal of Modern Optics (from 2003) and Optics Letters (from 2010). He is currently the Chair of the education committee of SPIE (2015-2017) He has authored or edited about 12 books, and over 300 publications in topics ranging from optical physics and engineering , neuroscience, bioengineering, applied math and ophthalmology/optometry.
Table of Contents
Part One: History Guiding the Future, example of Ibn al Haytham
Chapter One: Ibn al Haytham’s Scientific Program
Chapter Two: Science, Philosophy and religion during the 10th century
Josef Van Ess
Chapter Three: From the Reasons of Light to the Lights of Reason: Remarks on the Nine Centuries Distant Ibn al Haytham’s and Albert Einstein’s Respective Approaches of Light as Conceived Physically
Chapter Four: Translation and Studies of Ibn al Haytham’s Optics in Latin
Chapter Five: Ibn Al-Haytham: The Founder of Scientific Pluralism
Hassan Tahiri (Portugal)
Chapter Six: The Famous Problem of Ibn al Haytham
Chapter Seven: Ibn Al-Haytham: Founder of Physiological Optics?
Chapter Eight: Al Haytham's Influence on the Optics and Culture of Medieval Europe
Part Two: Light-based technologies for the future
Chapter Nine: Photonic Technology: Recent Developments and Challenges of the 21st Century
Chapter Ten: Ibn al Haytham’s: From Basra, Earth to the Gale Crater, Mars
Chapter Eleven: Modern electron optics and the search for more light: the legacy of Ibn al-Haytham
Chapter Twelve: Atomic-scale time with new light sources
Chapter Thirteen: The relevance of LED lighting for sustainable development
Chapter Fourteen: Medieval Arab Achievements in Optics
Sameen Ahmed Khan
Part Three: Optics and Photonics in the Arab and Islamic world, Education and Investment in Light Sciences and Technology
Chapter Fifteen: Need to Create International Science Centres in Arab Countries"
Azher Majid Siddiqui and Sameen Ahmed Khan
Chapter Sixteen: The First Synchrotron Light-Source in the Middle-East and Neighbouring Regions
Chapter Seventeen: Scientific Translation: A Tool from Shadow to Light
Chapter Eighteen: Optics and Photonics Research in Lebanon: Key figures, Ways Forward