There is probably no female scientist more famous than Marie Curie (1867-1934). She made one of the most important theoretical breakthroughs of the twentieth century when she postulated that radiation was an atomic rather than a chemical property, an important milestone in understanding the structure of matter. Not only did she coin the term radioactivity, but her painstaking research culminated in the isolation of two new elements, polonium and radium. For her achievements she won two Nobel Prizes, one in physics (in 1903) and the other in chemistry (in 1911). Notably, Curie has the remarkable distinction of being the first woman ever to win a Nobel Prize and the first person to win more than one.
This informative, accessible, and concise biography looks at Marie Curie not just as a dedicated scientist but also as a complex woman with a sometimes-tumultuous personal life. While Curie is often portrayed as a stern, one-dimensional woman so totally committed to her science that she was incapable of complex emotions, historian of science Marilyn Bailey Ogilvie shows that the opposite is the case. Ogilvie describes Curie's life and career, from her early years in Poland, where she was born Maria Sklodowska, through her marriage to and collaboration with Pierre Curie, her appointment as the first female professor at Sorbonne University after his untimely death, and the scientific work that led to her recognition by the Nobel Prize committee.
Ogilvie also candidly discusses the controversy that surrounded Marie when detractors charged that her work was actually performed by her late husband. Finally, she describes Curie's work in founding the radium institutes to study radiation and in establishing mobile x-ray units during World War I. It was Curie's long exposure to radium that led to her death from aplastic anemia in 1934. A year later, Albert Einstein published a tribute to her in memoriam, praising both her intuition and her tenacity under the most trying circumstances.
Ogilvie's appealing narrative brings the brilliant scientist and courageous woman to life in a story that will continue to inspire future scientists.
|Product dimensions:||5.90(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.60(d)|
|Age Range:||8 - 12 Years|
About the Author
Table of Contents
Timeline of Events in the Life of Marie Curie 11
Chapter 1 Early Life and Education 13
Chapter 2 Preparing for the Future 25
Chapter 3 Paris and the Sorbonne 35
Chapter 4 Pierre and Marie 43
Chapter 5 The Discovery of Radium: A Scientific Breakthrough 59
Chapter 6 A Year of Contrasts: Good News, Bad News 81
Chapter 7 "Pierre Is Dead? Dead? Absolutely Dead?" 95
Chapter 8 Scandal! 105
Chapter 9 The Second Nobel Prize, Its Aftermath, and War 121
Chapter 10 Marie and the United States of America 137
Chapter 11 Last Years 151