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The first scholarly book in English on Minitel, the pioneering French computer network, offers a history of a technical system and a cultural phenomenon.
A decade before the Internet became a medium for the masses in the United States, tens of millions of users in France had access to a network for e-mail, e-commerce, chat, research, game playing, blogging, and even an early form of online porn. In 1983, the French government rolled out Minitel, a computer network that achieved widespread adoption in just a few years as the government distributed free terminals to every French telephone subscriber. With this volume, Julien Mailland and Kevin Driscoll offer the first scholarly book in English on Minitel, examining it as both a technical system and a cultural phenomenon.
Mailland and Driscoll argue that Minitel was a technical marvel, a commercial success, and an ambitious social experiment. Other early networks may have introduced protocols and software standards that continue to be used today, but Minitel foretold the social effects of widespread telecomputing. They examine the unique balance of forces that enabled the growth of Minitel: public and private, open and closed, centralized and decentralized. Mailland and Driscoll describe Minitel's key technological components, novel online services, and thriving virtual communities. Despite the seemingly tight grip of the state, however, a lively Minitel culture emerged, characterized by spontaneity, imagination, and creativity. After three decades of continuous service, Minitel was shut down in 2012, but the history of Minitel should continue to inform our thinking about Internet policy, today and into the future.
About the Author
Julien Mailland is Assistant Professor at the Media School at Indiana University Bloomington.
Kevin Driscoll is Assistant Professor in the Department of Media Studies at the University of Virginia.
Nick Montfort is Professor of Digital Media at MIT. He is the author of Twisty Little Passages: An Approach to Interactive Fiction and Exploratory Programming for the Arts and Humanities; the coauthor of Racing the Beam: The Atari Video Computer System and 10 PRINT CHR$(205.5+RND(1)); : GOTO 10; and the coeditor of The New Media Reader (all published by the MIT Press).
Ian Bogost is Ivan Allen College Distinguished Chair in Media Studies and Professor of Interactive Computing at the Georgia Institute of Technology, a Founding Partner at Persuasive Games LLC, and the coauthor of Newsgames: Journalism at Play (MIT Press, 2010).
Table of Contents
Series Foreword vii
1 A Tale of Two Parties 1
2 Disaggregating the Minitel Platform 23
3 Embedding Culture in Architecture 49
4 Not End to End, but Open 73
5 The Booming Minitel Private Enterprise 95
6 On the Fringe 129
7 Conclusion 149
Appendix: Currency Conversion Table 157
What People are Saying About This
This book introduces to a wide audience a history that has often been the victim of misunderstandings. The authors demonstrate the modernity of Minitel in its context and in its time. Furthermore they develop a new approach of Minitel history, apprehending it through the notion of platform, and using what have become founding concepts of Internet studies. By studying this sociotechnical system, not only in itself, but also in relation to the history of networks and digital cultures, they rejuvenate this history.Valérie Schafer, Researcher, National Center for Scientific Research, coauthor of Le Minitel, l'enfance numérique de la France
This book introduces to a wide audience a history that has often been the victim of misunderstandings. The authors demonstrate the modernity of Minitel in its context and in its time. Furthermore they develop a new approach of Minitel history, apprehending it through the notion of platform, and using what have become founding concepts of Internet studies. By studying this sociotechnical system, not only in itself, but also in relation to the history of networks and digital cultures, they rejuvenate this history.