Modern Japan: A Historical Survey

Modern Japan: A Historical Survey

by Mikiso Hane

Paperback(REV)

$39.95

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780813337562
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 01/28/2001
Edition description: REV
Pages: 568
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.47(d)

About the Author


Mikiso Hane is professor emeritus of history at Knox College and has written extensively on Japan for over twenty-five years.

Table of Contents

Preface ix

1 Japan Before the Seventeenth Century 1

Early History of the Japanese People 1

Traditional Culture and Institutions of the Pre-Tokugawa Years 6

Notes 15

2 Establishment of the Tokugawa Bakufu 17

The Shogun of the Tokugawa Bakufu 17

Tokugawa Institutions 20

The Structure of Tokugawa Society 25

The Culture of the Tokugawa Period 32

Notes 35

3 The Late Tokugawa Period 37

Political Developments 37

Economic Problems 40

The Lot of the Peasants 45

Peasant Uprisings 49

Agricultural Improvements 52

Intellectual Currents: Reformers and Critics 54

Notes 60

4 The Fall of the Tokugawa Bakufu 63

Arrival of Commodore Perry 63

The Immediate Consequences 66

The Mentality of Sonno Joi 69

The Rise of the Anti-Bakufu Forces 72

The Meiji Restoration 78

Notes 82

5 The Meiji Restoration: The New Order 83

Political Changes 86

Local Government 89

Social Reforms 90

Pensions for the Kazoku and Shizoku 92

Revision of the Land Tax and the Plight of the Farmers 93

Legal Reforms 94

The Police System 95

The Army and the Navy 95

Economic Developments 96

Education 100

Civilization and Enlightenment 104

Religion 106

Notes 108

6 The Continuing Meiji Revolution (I): Political Developments 111

Political Reactions 113

Agrarian Unrest 117

The Movement for Popular Rights 120

Fortification of the Central Government 129

The Constitution 131

Notes 133

7 The Continuing Meiji Revolution (II): Cultural, Economic, and Social Developments 135

Cultural Nationalism 135

Initial Modern Economic Growth 143

The Plight of the Workers 147

Social Conditions 151

Notes 153

8 Political Developments in Later Meiji157

Partisan Politics: 1887-1894 159

The Korean Question and the Sino-Japanese War 163

Postwar Domestic Political Developments 168

Notes 176

9 The Conclusion of the Meiji Era 179

The Russo-Japanese War 179

Foreign Affairs After the War 187

Internal Affairs After the War 188

The Death of Emperor Meiji 191

Meiji Japan: An Assessment 194

Notes 199

10 The Era of Parliamentary Ascendancy (I) 201

Internal Political Affairs: 1912-1918 202

Foreign Affairs 207

Economic Developments: 1906-1930 215

Social Reform Movements: Labor 218

Agrarian Reform Movements 220

The Outcastes and the Suiheisha 221

Movement for Women's Rights 222

Democratic and Socialistic Political Movements 224

Notes 228

11 The Era of Parliamentary Ascendancy (II) 231

Culture of the Taisho Era 231

Political Developments: 1918-1932 239

Notes 255

12 The Ascendancy of Militarism 257

Radical Nationalists and Militarists 257

Conspiracies and Assassinations 263

The Manchurian Incident 266

Internal Political Developments: The Triumph of the Militarists 271

Economic Developments 283

Notes 286

13 The Road to War 289

China Policy to 1937 289

The China Incident 294

Internal Developments 301

Further Foreign Entanglements 305

Negotiations with the United States 312

The Occupation of Southern French Indochina 314

The Decision for War 316

Notes 327

14 War and Defeat 329

The Offensive War 329

The War at Home 333

The Defensive War 338

The Allied Strategy: "Island Hopping" 339

The Transference of Leadership from Tojo to Koiso 344

The Beginning of the End 346

The Battle for Leyte Gulf 347

The End of the Fighting: The Kamikaze 349

The Economics of Warfare 351

The Finale 352

Notes 359

15 The Postwar Years (I): Reform and Reconstruction 363

The MacArthur Era 363

Political Developments During the Occupation Years 376

Notes 381

16 The Postwar Years (II): Political Developments After Independence 383

The Yoshida Years 383

After Yoshida: The 1955 System 385

End of LDP Dominance 391

Foreign Relations 394

Economic Developments 406

The Japanese Economy in the Early 1990s: Recession 420

Notes 421

17 Social and Educational Developments 427

Social Developments 427

Education 447

Notes 454

18 Cultural Developments 459

American Influence 459

Survival of the Traditional Outlook 462

Religion 464

Literature 466

Cinema 473

Art and Architecture 476

Popular Culture 478

Baseball and Other Sports 480

Revival of Nationalism? 482

End of the Showa Reign 485

Notes 489

Appendix A The Internet 493

Appendix B Chronological Chart 499

Appendix C List of Prime Ministers 505

Selected Bibliography 507

Index 557

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