Narrators and Focalizers: The Presentation of the Story in the Iliad

Narrators and Focalizers: The Presentation of the Story in the Iliad

by Irene De Jong


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781853996580
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic
Publication date: 01/30/2004
Series: BCPaperbacks Series
Pages: 346
Product dimensions: 6.69(w) x 9.61(h) x 0.72(d)

About the Author

Irene de Jong is professor of Greek Literature in the University of Amsterdam. She specializes in the application of modern literary theory to ancient texts. Her books include Narrative in Drama: the art of the Euripidean messenger-speech (1991) and A Narratological Commentary on the Odyssey (2001).

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements Introduction to the first edition, 1987
Introduction to the second edition, 2004
1. The presentation of the story in the Iliad: the state of the art
1.1. Antiquity
1.2. Modern times
1.2.1. Classical scholars
1.2.2. Literary theorists
1.3. Conclusions
2. A narratological model of analysis
2.1. Narrator and point of view
2.2. Presentation: narration and focalization
2.3. Narrative situations
3. Simple narrator-text
3.1. The primary narrator-focalizer
3.1.1. Introduction
3.1.2. The primary narrator-focalizer and the Muses
3.2. The primary narratee-focalizee
3.3. Interaction between primary narrator-focalizer and primary narratee-focalizee
3.3.1. Presentation through negation
3.3.2. If not-situations
3.3.3. Prolepses and analepses
3.3.4. Motivation and presupposition
3.4. Summary
4. Complex narrator-text (embedded focalization)
4. 1. Explicit and implicit embedded focalization
4.1.1. Explicit: perceptions, thoughts/emotions, indirect speech
4.1.2. Implicit
4.1.3. Conclusion
4.2. Assimilated comparisons and similes
4.3. Evaluative and affective words/expressions in the narrator-text
4.4. Summary
5. Character-text (speeches)
5.1. Different speakers referring to the same event
5.2. External analepses told by characters
5.3. Embedded speech
5.4. Repeated speech
5.4.1. Messenger-speeches
5.4.2. Other forms of repeated speech
5.5. Summary
6. The relation of narrator-text (simple and complex) and character-text
6.1. Speech-formulas as attributive discourse
6.2. Narrator-text and character-text confronted
6.3. Summary
7. Conclusion. Narrators and focalizers Appendices I-V Notes Bibliography Index of subjects Index of passages

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