This pioneering study shows for the first time the extent and diversity of the impact of Nietzschean ideas on Soviet literature and culture. It examines the Nietzschean roots of early Soviet literature, theater and architecture, Soviet political culture, the work of disaffected writers and thinkers and that of intellectuals of the non-Russian nationalities. It offers a fresh perspective on the origins, formative years, and subsequent development of Soviet literature and culture, and raises new issues for research and discussion.
Table of ContentsList of illustrations; List of contributors; Acknowledgement; List of abbreviations; Introduction Bernice Glatzer Rosenthal; Part I. Nietzsche and the Prerevolutionary Roots of Soviet Culture: 1. Nietzsche and the young Mayakovsky Bengt Jangfeldt; 2. Khlebnikov and Nietzsche: pieces of an incomplete mosaic Henryk Baran; 3. Apollonianism and Christian art: Nietzsche's influence on Acmeism Elaine Rusinko; 4. Armchair anarchists and salon supermen: Russian occultists read Nietzsche Maria Carlson; Part II. Nietzsche and Soviet Initiatives in the Arts: 5. Nietzschean leaders and followers in Soviet mass theater, 1917-27 James von Geldern; 6. Revolution as an aesthetic phenomenon: Nietzschean motifs in the reception of Isaac Babel (1923-32) Gregory Freidin; 7. Nietzschean implications and superhuman aspirations in the architectural avant-garde Milka Bliznakov; 8. Nietzscheanism and the return of Pushkin in twentieth-century Russian culture (1899-1937) Irina Paperno; Part III. Adaptations of Nietzsche in Soviet Ideology: 9. Nietzschean motifs in the Komsomol's vanguardism Isabel A. Tirado; 10. Nietzschean roots of Stalinist culture Mikhail Agursky; 11. Superman imagery in Soviet photography and photomontage Margarita Tupitsyn; Part IV: Nietzsche among Disaffected Writers and Thinkers: 12. From beyond the abyss: Nietzschean myth in Zamiatin's We and Pasternak's Doctor Zhivago Edith Clowes; 13. Mandelstam, Nietzsche, and the conscious creation of history Clare Cavanagh; 14. Nietzsche's influence on the non-official culture of the 1930s Boris Groys; Part V. Nietzsche and the Nationalities: A Case Study: 15. Nietzsche's influence on Hebrew writers of the Russian empire Menahem Brinker; Index.