OCA: Oracle Certified Associate Java SE 8 Programmer I Study Guide: Exam 1Z0-808

OCA: Oracle Certified Associate Java SE 8 Programmer I Study Guide: Exam 1Z0-808

by Jeanne Boyarsky, Scott Selikoff

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781118957400
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 12/31/2014
Edition description: Study Guid
Pages: 432
Sales rank: 669,175
Product dimensions: 7.40(w) x 9.20(h) x 3.20(d)

About the Author

Jeanne Boyarsky, OCA/OCP, has worked as a Java developerfor a bank in NYC for 12 years where she develops, mentors andconducts training. In her free time, she is a senior moderator atCodeRanch and works on the forum code base. Scott Selikoff,SCJP, has been a professional Java Enterprise developer forover 15 years. He currently operates Selikoff Solutions, LLC, whichprovides software consulting services to businesses in thetri-state New York City area.

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Table of Contents

Introduction xxi

Assessment Test xxxi

Chapter 1 Java Building Blocks 1

Understanding the Java Class Structure 2

Fields and Methods 2

Comments 4

Classes vs. Files 5

Writing a main() Method 6

Understanding Package Declarations and Imports 9

Wildcards 10

Redundant Imports 11

Naming Conflicts 12

Creating a New Package 13

Code Formatting on the Exam 16

Creating Objects 16

Constructors 17

Reading and Writing Object Fields 18

Instance Initializer Blocks 18

Order of Initialization 19

Distinguishing Between Object References and Primitives 20

Primitive Types 20

Reference Types 24

Key Differences 25

Declaring and Initializing Variables 25

Declaring Multiple Variables 26

Identifiers 27

Understanding Default Initialization of Variables 29

Local Variables 29

Instance and Class Variables 30

Understanding Variable Scope 31

Ordering Elements in a Class 34

Destroying Objects 36

Garbage Collection 36

finalize() 38

Benefits of Java 39

Summary 40

Exam Essentials 41

Review Questions 42

Chapter 2 Operators and Statements 51

Understanding Java Operators 52

Working with Binary Arithmetic Operators 53

Arithmetic Operators 53

Numeric Promotion 55

Working with Unary Operators 57

Logical Complement and Negation Operators 57

Increment and Decrement Operators 58

Using Additional Binary Operators 60

Assignment Operators 60

Compound Assignment Operators 62

Relational Operators 63

Logical Operators 64

Equality Operators 65

Understanding Java Statements 66

The if-then Statement 67

The if-then-else Statement 68

The switch Statement 72

The while Statement 76

The do-while Statement 78

The for Statement 80

Understanding Advanced Flow Control 86

Nested Loops 87

Adding Optional Labels 87

The break Statement 88

The continue Statement 90

Summary 92

Exam Essentials 92

Review Questions 94

Chapter 3 Core Java APIs 101

Creating and Manipulating Strings 102

Concatenation 102

Immutability 104

The String Pool 105

Important String Methods 105

Method Chaining 110

Using the StringBuilder Class 111

Mutability and Chaining 112

Creating a StringBuilder 113

Important StringBuilder Methods 114

StringBuilder vs. StringBuffer 117

Understanding Equality 117

Understanding Java Arrays 119

Creating an Array of Primitives 119

Creating an Array with Reference Variables 121

Using an Array 123

Sorting 124

Searching 125

Varargs 126

Multidimensional Arrays 126

Understanding an ArrayList 129

Creating an ArrayList 129

Using an ArrayList 130

Wrapper Classes 134

Autoboxing 136

Converting Between array and List 136

Sorting 138

Working with Dates and Times 138

Creating Dates and Times 138

Manipulating Dates and Times 142

Working with Periods 145

Formatting Dates and Times 148

Parsing Dates and Times 151

Summary 151

Exam Essentials 152

Review Questions 153

Chapter 4 Methods and Encapsulation 165

Designing Methods 166

Optional Specifiers 168

Return Type 169

Method Name 170

Parameter List 171

Optional Exception List 171

Method Body 171

Working with Varargs 172

Applying Access Modifiers 173

Private Access 173

Default (Package Private) Access 175

Protected Access 176

Public Access 180

Designing Static Methods and Fields 181

Calling a Static Variable or Method 182

Static vs. Instance 183

Static Variables 185

Static Initialization 186

Static Imports 187

Passing Data Among Methods 188

Overloading Methods 191

Creating Constructors 196

Default Constructor 197

Overloading Constructors 199

Final Fields 202

Order of Initialization 202

Encapsulating Data 205

Creating Immutable Classes 207

Writing Simple Lambdas 208

Lambda Example 209

Lambda Syntax 211

Predicates 214

Summary 215

Exam Essentials 216

Review Questions 218

Chapter 5 Class Design 233

Introducing Class Inheritance 234

Extending a Class 235

Applying Class Access Modifiers 237

Creating Java Objects 237

Defining Constructors 238

Calling Inherited Class Members 244

Inheriting Methods 246

Inheriting Variables 257

Creating Abstract Classes 259

Defining an Abstract Class 260

Creating a Concrete Class 262

Extending an Abstract Class 263

Implementing Interfaces 266

Defining an Interface 267

Inheriting an Interface 269

Interface Variables 273

Default Interface Methods 274

Static Interface Methods 278

Understanding Polymorphism 279

Object vs. Reference 281

Casting Objects 282

Virtual Methods 284

Polymorphic Parameters 285

Polymorphism and Method Overriding 287

Summary 288

Exam Essentials 289

Review Questions 291

Chapter 6 Exceptions 299

Understanding Exceptions 300

The Role of Exceptions 300

Understanding Exception Types 302

Throwing an Exception 304

Using a try Statement 305

Adding a finally Block 307

Catching Various Types of Exceptions 309

Throwing a Second Exception 311

Recognizing Common Exception Types 313

Runtime Exceptions 314

Checked Exceptions 317

Errors 317

Calling Methods That Throw Exceptions 318

Subclasses 319

Printing an Exception 321

Summary 323

Exam Essentials 324

Review Questions 325

Appendix A Answers to Review Questions 333

Chapter 1: Java Building Blocks 334

Chapter 2: Operators and Statements 336

Chapter 3: Core Java APIs 339

Chapter 4: Methods and Encapsulation 342

Chapter 5: Class Design 346

Chapter 6: Exceptions 349

Appendix B Study Tips 353

Studying for the Test 354

Creating a Study Plan 354

Creating and Running Sample Applications 355

Taking the Test 359

Understanding the Question 359

Applying Process of Elimination 362

Optimizing Your Time 364

Getting a Good Night’s Rest 366

Index 367

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