Our children can be our greatest teachers. Parenting expert Susan Stiffelman writes that the very behaviors that push our buttons refusing to cooperate or ignoring our requests can help us build awareness and shed old patterns, allowing us to raise our children with greater ease and enjoyment. Filled with practical advice, powerful exercises, and fascinating stories from her clinical work, Parenting with Presence teaches us how to become the parents we most want to be while raising confident, caring children.
About the Author
Susan Stiffelman, MFT, is an internationally respected parent educator, therapist, author, and parenting expert. She is the Huffington Post’s weekly parenting advice columnist (Parent Coach) and the author of Parenting Without Power Struggles. She lives in Malibu, California.
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Parenting With Presence
Practices for Raising Conscious, Confident, Caring Kids
By Susan Stiffelman
New World LibraryCopyright © 2015 Susan Stiffelman
All rights reserved.
You're Living with Your Best Teacher
An Excerpt from Parenting with Presence by Susan Stiffelman
In India they're called householder yogis — women and men with an unshakable commitment to their spiritual path who have decided to have a family rather than live in a cave or an ashram. They choose to grow and evolve through their experiences at home and in the workplace, embracing the challenges of everyday life as the means to their transformation.
Many of us subscribe to the belief that spiritual growth happens as a result of daily meditation, mindfulness retreats, and inspiration from wise luminaries. But one of the greatest teachers you could ever hope to learn from is living right under your roof, even if (especially if) he or she pushes your buttons or challenges your limitations.
In parenting, things get very real, very fast. Figuring out how to cope when your child spills juice on the new sofa or managing your reactions when your kids tease each other nonstop on the long ride to Grandma's is the equivalent of an advanced course in personal growth. Do you fall apart, or are you able to stay present, deepening your ability to be with "what is," responding rather than reacting?
True spirituality doesn't happen in a cave at the top of a mountain. It's down here, wiping a runny nose, playing yet another round of Candyland, or rocking a colicky baby at two in the morning. The Buddha is crying in the next room. How you handle that is as evolved and as spiritual as it gets.
What Is a Teacher?
Many of us are charmed by the image of our sons and daughters as divinely appointed teachers who can help us transform our hearts and souls. But while the idea of seeing our child as one of our teachers has a lyrical, enlightened ring to it, there's a difference between accepting the idea of something and embracing the reality of it.
Our children may indeed catalyze a love within us that we could not have imagined possible. But they can also elicit powerful elements of our shadow selves, calling forth aspects of our nature, such as impatience and intolerance, that leave us ashamed and overwhelmed.
Maintaining equilibrium is key to living in the moment, but nothing tests our ability to stay centered like parenting. Raising kids can be anything but peaceful, with sibling squabbles, homework meltdowns, and arguments over video games all-too-familiar features of the landscape of family life. It's easy for soulful principles to collide with the realities of day-to-day life with children underfoot. Even the most seasoned meditator or yogini may find herself shouting, threatening, bribing, or punishing, despite having set intentions to remain loving and calm no matter what.
There is a saying, When the student is ready, the teacher appears. I have long found it to be true that when I am ready to expand my horizons intellectually, psychologically, or spiritually, an opportunity presents itself that seems divinely orchestrated to allow me to stretch, grow, and learn. That said, I don't always want to stretch, grow, and learn! Instead, I may feel as if I've been involuntarily enrolled in a class I had no desire to take!
When it comes to parenting, it seems that although we may not have knowingly signed up for the "course" our children offer, we nonetheless find ourselves forced ("invited?" "given the opportunity?") to profoundly grow, and grow up. In this respect, I believe our children can become our greatest teachers. While we may not deliberately choose to have a baby so that we can heal wounds from our childhood or become a better version of ourselves, in fact, those opportunities — and thousands more — are birthed right along with our children.
We may be confronted with our impatience, taught to slow down as our toddler requires us to stop and smell every flower along the sidewalk. Or we may learn fortitude as we survive our child's nightmares, discovering that we actually can be reasonably kind and loving after a series of sleepless nights.
Of equal importance are the ways our children help us work through unfinished business. We may recognize less desirable aspects of ourselves in our child's procrastination around homework, becoming aware — if we're willing — that we are equally guilty of putting off some of our more unpleasant tasks. Or we might feel that we're looking in a mirror when our easily frustrated child launches into meltdowns whenever things don't go his way. There we are in living color, reliving moments from our past (perhaps as recent as this morning!) when we fell apart because we couldn't have our way.
Sometimes the lessons we learn from our children are gentle and sweet; our little ones expand our capacity to give and receive more love and happiness than we ever imagined possible. But often, aspects of our child's temperament challenge us to the core. We may project our own needs onto our children, feeling that we're in battle mode from morning to night when we cannot force them to behave in ways that quell our fear and anxiety. We fall into bed exhausted at the end of each day, dreading the next morning when we have to wake up and do it all over again.
One of the ways I choose to see challenging people as essential to my evolution is to imagine the two of us in a preincarnated state — disembodied souls feeling only pure, limitless love for each other. (This is just an idea; you don't need to believe in reincarnation to benefit from it. Just play along with me for a moment, and see if the image is useful.)
I picture the two of us having a conversation (in whatever way two disembodied beings might converse!) in which we each share what we want to learn in our upcoming life. "I want to learn patience," one of us says. "Well, I would like to deepen my ability to receive love and care," says our soul friend. "How about this? I will come back as your disabled child. I'll learn to accept love more fully, and you will have the chance to learn patience." "It's a deal!" And thus begins what Caroline Myss, lecturer and intuitive, refers to as a sacred contract, an agreement we have with the significant people in our lives orchestrating the precise circumstances that will allow us to become more fully who we are meant to be.
Each of our children offers us opportunities to confront the dark and dusty corners of our minds and hearts, creating just the right conditions to call forth the kind of learning that can liberate us from old paradigms, allowing us to lead more expansive and fulfilling lives. What follows is the story of one such dynamic between a parent and her daughter.
Just Make the Request
Catherine had two daughters, fourteen-year-old Ella and sixteen-year-old Shay. "I get along well with both of my girls — we're very close. But to put it frankly, Shay is a bit of a slob. She drops her towels on the bathroom floor, leaves clothes scattered all over her room, and never washes her dishes without being reminded. This behavior really pushes my buttons. We've talked about it, but unless I nag her, she doesn't clean up after herself."
Catherine continued, "Yesterday I asked Shay very nicely if she would tidy up her room before guests came for dinner. She barely looked at me while I was talking and then rolled her eyes and said, 'Mom — they aren't even going to come in my room! Loosen up! You're so uptight when we have people over.' I blew my stack; I do so much for her! Why couldn't she do this one little thing for me?"
I listened for a while and then asked Catherine, "How did your parents respond to you when you expressed a wish or a need? Did they listen and validate your requests, or did they disregard them?"
Immediately, she had an answer. With a hint of sarcasm she replied, "When I had a need? I wasn't allowed to have needs. That didn't happen in our family. If I bothered to tell my mother or father that I didn't want to do what they were telling me to do, they pretty much looked at me like I was crazy, telling me how selfish I was. I learned early on to not ask for what I wanted and have stayed in the passenger seat in all my important relationships, including my marriage."
I told Catherine that I wanted to offer an analogy. "You know what bumper cars are, the ones at amusement parks, right? Well, what I've noticed is that some kids get into their little car and freeze. They've never been behind the wheel of an automobile, and they don't understand the concept of making it move by stepping on the accelerator, so they just sit in the middle of the track and get slammed into by all the other wild drivers.
"Then there are the kids at the other extreme. These are the ones who put the pedal to the floor and never let up. Whichever direction they turn that steering wheel, they'll be crashing into something within seconds. In both cases, these young drivers don't know how to appropriately press on the gas. Either they don't move at all, or they recklessly fling themselves full speed ahead."
I explained that many people struggle to ask for what they want or need. "Some of us remain passively silent; we don't ask for anything, feeling unseen, unimportant, and resentful."
"That's me," she offered. "That's the story of my life, from childhood on through my marriage and divorce. I learned early on that asking for what I wanted was only going to upset the people around me."
"Other people demand what they want with guns blazing," I replied. "They overpower those around them, determined to get their way, regardless of how badly they alienate others.
"So," I said, "would you be willing to look at this situation with your daughter from a different perspective? Could you see her as a teacher who is providing you with an excellent assignment? Might you be ready to learn how to ask for what you want in a way that reflects an understanding that your wishes are as valid as those of the people around you?"
Catherine was quiet. All traces of sarcasm were gone as she softly said, "Wow. Yes. It's time for me to learn to ask for what I need."
I replied, "By looking at why your child's behavior triggers you so deeply, you have an opportunity to heal something from long ago and grow into a more healthy and whole version of yourself."
Catherine was on board. Our work together shifted from "fixing" her daughter's messiness to healing the sadness she felt as a little girl who had concluded that her desires and needs were not important — feelings she had buried long ago. I helped her understand that the intensity with which she had been coming at Shay to get her to cooperate was a result of projecting onto her daughter an unresolved longing to know that her own wishes and wants mattered.
I explained that it isn't our children's job to fix us. In fact, they often dig in their heels when we come at them with our neediness and desperation. Intuitively, they understand that it isn't their responsibility to behave in ways that heal whatever wounds we bring from earlier relationships. So it can happen that our children's misbehavior truly does become a gift, because if we are willing to look within instead of projecting our hurts onto them, we can work through unfinished emotional business.
I encouraged Catherine to simply be present with whatever feelings came up for her when she was met with her daughter's resistance. "Practice nonjudgmental awareness, allowing room for whatever emotions have gotten stirred up so they can have their say. Be sad or angry. Be confused or worried. And then, perhaps, be sad again. Let feelings move through you without censoring or controlling them.
"Locate where in your body you are experiencing what you're feeling. Is the sensation heavy? Sharp? Fluttery? Simply allow whatever you are experiencing to be, without making the emotions bigger or smaller. Name the feelings with loving-kindness. 'There's sadness in my chest. It's heavy and flat and dark. And now there's anger. So sharp and hard. All through my body!'
"Avoid your left, rational brain's attempts to explain away your discomfort. Resist the urge to make it about your daughter or the specific situation. Simply notice what you're experiencing. Be patient. The emotions will pass through. You will feel better. The only way out is through. It is a process of grieving for the voice you didn't have, the empathy you didn't receive, and the hurt of having felt invisible."
This was — and is — a very deep process. It isn't easy or quick. Old wounds need breathing room to heal. As you move through this process, I encourage you to be kind and patient with yourself, even as you begin trying new ways of dealing with your child when she activates an old hurt. With care, you can start to heal the dynamic, and yourself.
Once Catherine allowed herself to grieve for the parts of her that had been afraid to express her wishes, she was ready to try new ways of asking things of her girls. I shared with her something I once heard Diane Sawyer say when she was asked about the success of her long marriage. She replied, "I learned early on that a criticism is just a really lousy way of making a request. So ... just make the request!"
The Four Modalities of Interaction
In our interactions with others, we generally fall into one of four categories. We are either passive, aggressive, passive-aggressive, or assertive.
We are in passive mode when we suppress what we truly feel, pretending that everything is okay. When we are passive, we say yes when we mean no, put others' needs ahead of our own, and are terrified of ruffling anyone's feathers. Passive parents are afraid of their children's upset and desperately want to be liked by them, so they give in to their demands.
When we are aggressive, we come at our children using threats and intimidation to bend them to our will. It may look effective on the outside — the misbehavior stops — but this approach comes at a high price. Our children cannot feel close to us because we are not emotionally safe.
Passive-aggressive parents control their children through shame and guilt. They may not be overtly aggressive, but their subtle guilt trips and manipulations are extremely harmful to their children's developing sense of self. These kids feel inappropriately responsible for their parents' needs and happiness rather than in tune with their own. If you say, "You're the only child in this family who can't seem to figure out how to set the table right," you have just shamed your child. Telling her, "I didn't sleep a wink last night, worrying about how I'm going to pay for that class trip you insist you have to go on," she can't help but feel guilty. These are very unhealthy ways of interacting with children.
We are assertive when we are being what I call the Captain of the ship in our children's lives. (More on this in chapter 2.) In this mode, we maintain healthy boundaries with our children, allowing them to have their needs, wants, feelings, and preferences without making them wrong when they don't nicely overlap with our own. We don't need our children to like us, and we are not afraid of their unhappiness, recognizing that if we fix all their problems we are impairing their ability to develop true resilience. Our children know that they are loved for who they are, not for what they can do for us or how their achievements make us look to others.
And when we are assertive, we can acknowledge that our children may not want to do what we ask, without taking their complaints personally or escalating the disagreement into a power struggle. We empathize with their position, allowing them to feel what they feel, but we are not reluctant to set limits that might disappoint them.
My work with Catherine first focused on helping her grieve for the sweet and loving childhood she never had. It was vulnerable work, but she was committed and moved through her old feelings bravely.
Then we started practicing assertiveness. Since she had almost no experience with assertive behavior in either her childhood or her marriage, this was uncharted territory for her. But we had a lot of fun; we role-played scenarios in which she was able to practice expressing her wishes in a way that wasn't aggressive (pressing the accelerator to the floor), passive (staying frozen and still), or passive-aggressive (using shame or put-downs). Catherine loved how she felt when she assertively voiced her needs.
Excerpted from Parenting With Presence by Susan Stiffelman. Copyright © 2015 Susan Stiffelman. Excerpted by permission of New World Library.
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Table of Contents
Foreword Eckhart Tolle xi
Chapter 1 You're Living with Your Best Teacher 9
Chapter 2 Growing Up While Raising Kids 25
Chapter 3 Throw Away the Snapshot 53
Chapter 4 We Aren't Raising Children, We're Raising Adults 77
Chapter 5 Modeling Self-Love and Awareness 89
Chapter 6 Healthy Communication Strengthens Connection 119
Chapter 7 Walking the Talk 133
Chapter 8 Cultivating Empathy, Vulnerability, and Compassion 149
Chapter 9 Helping Our Kids Cope with Stress 165
Chapter 10 Happiness Is an Inside Job 185
Chapter 11 Tools, Tips, and Strategies 203
Author's Note 251
Additional Resources 259
About the Author 271