This book brings together the research into regional development and social change carried out in highland Peru by a team of British and Latin American social anthropologists and sociologists. The area studied—the Mantaro Valley of central Peru—is one of the most densely populated and economically differentiated of highland zones; it is also notable for its community-based forms of cooperation and its high level of peasant political activity.
The book presents a series of case studies that examine cooperative forms of organization in relation to developments in the regional economy and to changes in national policy. The analysis attempts to avoid interpreting local processes merely as responses to externally initiated change. It stresses instead the need to consider the interplay of local and national forces, because local groups and processes themselves affect the pattern of regional and national development. The case studies cover a range of political and economic topics, from peasant movements to the achievements and shortcomings of government-sponsored agricultural and manufacturing cooperatives. The concluding chapter, by the editors, explores the theoretical implications of these studies.
About the Author
Norman Long is Professor Emeritus of the Sociology of Rural Development, Wageningen Agricultural University.
Bryan R. Roberts is C. B. Smith Sr. Chair in U.S.-Mexico Relations and Professor of Sociology at the University of Texas at Austin.
Table of Contents
- 1. Introduction (Norman Long and Bryan R. Roberts)
- 2. Peasant Movements at the Turn of the Century and the Rise of the Independent Farmer (Carlos Samaniego)
- 3. Processes of Industrial and Social Change in Highland Peru (Julian Laite)
- 4. Peasant Cooperation and Dependency: The Case of the Electricity Enterprises of Muquiyauyo (Marcelo Grondin)
- 5. The Bases of Industrial Cooperation in Huancayo (Bryan R. Roberts)
- 6. Some Factors Contributing to Peasant Land Occupations in Peru: The Example of Huasicancha, 1963–1968 (Gavin A. Smith and Pedro Cano H.)
- 7. From Cooperative to Hacienda: The Case of the Agrarian Society of Pucará (Juan Solano Sáez)
- 8. The Impact of the Comunidad on Local Development in the Mantaro Valley (David Winder)
- 9. The Evolution of Pastoral Villages and the Significance of Agrarian Reform in the Highlands of Central Peru (Bryan R. Roberts and Carlos Samaniego)
- 10. Peasant and Entrepreneurial Coalitions: The Case of the Matahuasi Cooperative (Norman Long and Rodrigo Sánchez)
- 11. Peasant Cooperation and Capitalist Expansion in Peru (Norman Long and Bryan R. Roberts)