In the British territories of the North American Great Plains, food figured as a key trading commodity after 1780, when British and Canadian fur companies purchased ever-larger quantities of bison meats and fats (pemmican) from plains hunters to support their commercial expansion across the continent. Pemmican Empire traces the history of the unsustainable food-market hunt on the plains, which, once established, created distinctive trade relations between the newcomers and the native peoples. It also resulted in the near annihilation of the Canadian bison herds north of the Missouri River. Drawing on fur company records and a broad range of Native American history accounts, George Colpitts offers new perspectives on the market economy of the western prairie that was established during this time, one that created asymmetric power among traders and informed the bioregional history of the West where the North American bison became a food commodity hunted to nearly the last animal.
About the Author
George Colpitts is Associate Professor of History at the University of Calgary.
Table of ContentsIntroduction; 1. Changing food-energy regimes in the northern fur trade, 1760-90; 2. The pemmican bioregion, 1790-1810; 3. Food fights and pemmican wars, 1790-1816; 4. Selling bison flesh in the British market after 1821; 5. Commercial war zones in the bison commons, 1835-50; 6. Ending the pemmican era; Conclusion.