The contributors foreground the struggles over democracy and citizens’ rights as well as notions of race, ethnicity, gender, and class that have been at the forefront of political debates and social movements in the Andes since the waning days of the colonial regime some two hundred years ago. Among the many topics they consider are the significance of the Bourbon reform era to subsequent state-formation projects, the role of race and nation in the work of early-twentieth-century Bolivian intellectuals, the fiscal decentralization campaign in Peru following the devastating War of the Pacific in the late nineteenth century, and the negotiation of the rights of “free men of all colors” in Colombia’s Atlantic coast region during the late colonial period. Political Cultures in the Andes includes an essay by the noted Mexicanist Alan Knight in which he considers the value and limits of the concept of political culture and a response to Knight’s essay by the volume’s editors, Nils Jacobsen and Cristóbal Aljovín de Losada. This important collection exemplifies the rich potential of a pragmatic political culture approach to deciphering the processes involved in the formation of historical polities.
Contributors. Cristóbal Aljovín de Losada, Carlos Contreras, Margarita Garrido, Laura Gotkowitz, Aline Helg, Nils Jacobsen, Alan Knight, Brooke Larson, Mary Roldan, Sergio Serulnikov, Charles F. Walker, Derek Williams
About the Author
Nils Jacobsen is Associate Professor of History and Director of the Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. He is the author of Mirages of Transition: The Peruvian Altiplano, 1780–1930.
Cristóbal Aljovín de Losada is Director of the Master’s Program in History at the Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos in Lima, Peru. He is the author of Caudillos y constituciones: Perú, 1821–1845.
Table of ContentsAbout the Series ix
The Long and the Short of It: A Pragmatic Perspective on Political Cultures, Especially for the Modern History of the Andes / Nils Jacobsen and Cristobal Aljovin de Losada 1
Is Political Culture Good to Think? / Alan Knight 25
How Interest and Values Seldom Come Alone, or: The Utility of a Pragmatic Perspective on Political Culture / Nils Jacobsen and Cristobal Aljovin de Losada 58
State- and Nation-Building Projects and Their Limitations 69
Civilize or Control:? The Lingering Impact of Bourbon Urban Reforms / Charles F. Walker 74
A Break with the Past? Santa Cruz and the Constitution / Cristobal Aljovin de Losada 96
The Tax Man Cometh: Local Authorities and the Battle Over Taxes in Peru, 1885–1906 / Carlos Contreras 116
“Under the dominion of the Indian”: Rural Mobilization, the Law, and Revolutionary Nationalism in Bolivia in the 1940s / Laura Gotkowitz 137
Ethnicity, Gender, and the Construction of Power: Exclusionary Strategies and the Struggle for Citizenship 159
“Free Men of All Colors” in New Granada: Identity and Obedience before Independence / Margarita Garrido 165
Silencing African Descent: Caribbean Columbia and Early Nation Building, 1810–1828 / Aline Helg 184
The Making of Ecuador’s Pueblo Catolico, 1861–1875 / Derek Williams 207
Redeemed Indians, Barbarized Cholos: Crafting Neocolonial Modernity in Liberal Bolivia, 1900–1910 / Brooke Larson 230
The Local, the Peripheral, and the Network: Redefining the Boundaries of Popular Representation in Public Arena 253
Andean Political Imagination in the Late Eighteenth Century / Sergio Serulnikov 257
Public Opinions and Public Spheres in Late-Nineteenth-Century Peru: A Multicolored Web in a Tattered Cloth / Nils Jacobsen 278
The Local Limitations to a National Political Movement: Gaitan and Gaitansimo in Antioquia / Mary Roldan 301
Concluding Remarks: Andean Inflections of Latin American Political Cultures / Nils Jacobsen and Cristobal Aljovin de Losada 324