The postharvest management and processing technology of cereals, pulses, oilseeds, fruits and vegetables are under development. The postharvest losses of cereals, pulses, oilseeds are 10-20 per cent but the losses of fruits and vegetables in India vary from 20-30 per cent of the production. If these losses are controlled by using postharvest management and processing technology, the supplies of fresh fruits and vegetables will be increased to the extent of their existing losses. This will help to increase the per capita availability of fruits and vegetables. One object of this book is to organize the scatted information and to deal with the recent development of postharvest management and processing technologies such as processes, operations, designs other aspects such as drying, parboiling, milling, by-products utilization and innovative product development from agricultural raw material. The processing technology, that increases the functionality without changing their fresh like properties has significant role in modern processing industry. This book addresses factors that are involved in maintaining the quality of cereals, pulses, oilseeds, fruits and vegetables after harvest. This book incorporates information on postharvest management, principles involved in preparation of various products as well as methodology involved in home scale as well as industrial processing of cereals, pulses, oilseeds, fruits and vegetables. General terminologies used in the food science and technology are also included in this book. This book has been mainly designed to serve as a text cum reference book for the students in the field of Food Science and Technology, postharvest technology, horticulture, nutrition and professionals in food industries.