Process Synthesis for Fuel Ethanol Production / Edition 1 available in Hardcover
- Pub. Date:
- Taylor & Francis
Process engineering can potentially provide the means to develop economically viable and environmentally friendly technologies for the production of fuel ethanol. Focusing on a key tool of process engineering, Process Synthesis for Fuel Ethanol Production is a comprehensive guide to the design and analysis of the most advanced technologies for fuel ethanol production from feedstocks. It describes how process systems engineering can be applied to fuel ethanol production to achieve new levels of efficiency according to technical, economic, and environmental criteria.
Drawing on the authors’ more than 15 years of process engineering and ethanol research, the book first focuses on liquid biofuels, before examining the role of process synthesis in the rapid and high-tech analysis and design of complex biotechnological processes. It then describes various types of feedstocks, including sugars, starchy crops, lignocellulosic biomass, and microorganisms, as well as hydrolysis technologies, such as saccharification. The authors cover the fuel ethanol production technologies for different feedstocks, the new technological innovations based on process integration to reduce energy consumption, and the environmental issues of bioethanol production. They also discuss the technological configurations for fuel ethanol production in the industry and the possible factors affecting food security with fuel ethanol production and consumption.
Supported by case studies that include calculations and discussions of results, this book uses a process engineering approach to explore the analysis and development of fuel ethanol production from different feedstocks. It shows how accurate analysis and precise design, along with responsible government policies, can lead to fair and sustainable development of energy crops worldwide.
About the Author
C.A. Cardona is an associate professor of chemical engineering in the Pilot Plants of Biotechnology and Agroindustry at the National University of Colombia in Manizales. He is also a consultant in bioenergy and development for the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in Rome, Italy.
O.J. Sanchez is an associate professor of food engineering in the Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology at the University of Caldas in Manizales, Colombia.
L.F. Gutierrez is an assistant professor in the Department of Engineering at the University of Caldas in Manizales, Colombia.
Table of Contents
Ethanol as a Gasoline Oxygenate
Gasoline Oxygenation Programs with Fuel Ethanol in Some Countries
Process Design and Role of Process Synthesis
Conceptual Process Design
Knowledge-Based Process Synthesis
Optimization-Based Process Synthesis
Feedstocks for Fuel Ethanol Production
Feedstock Conditioning and Pretreatment
Conditioning of Sucrose-Containing Materials
Pretreatment of Starchy Materials
Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass
Detoxification of Pretreated Biomass
Hydrolysis of Carbohydrate Polymers
Hydrolysis of Cellulose
Microorganisms for Ethanol Production
Metabolic Features of Ethanol-Producing Microorganisms
Nongenetically Modified Microorganisms for Ethanol Production
Genetically Modified Microorganisms for Ethanol Production
Ethanolic Fermentation Technologies
Description of Main Fermentation Technologies for Ethanol Production
Modeling of Ethanolic Fermentation for Process Design Purposes
Analysis of Fed-Batch Ethanolic Fermentation
Dynamics of Continuous Fermentation Systems
Analysis of Ethanol Recovery and Dehydration
Concentration and Rectification of Ethanol Contained in Culture Broths
Evaluation of Separation and Dehydration Schemes
Integrated Processes for Fuel Ethanol Production
Reaction–Reaction Integration for Bioethanol Production
Reaction–Separation Integration for Bioethanol Production
Separation–Separation Integration for Bioethanol Production
Environmental Aspects of Fuel Ethanol Production
Effluent Treatment during Fuel Ethanol Production
Environmental Performance of Fuel Ethanol Production
Technological Configurations for Fuel Ethanol Production in the Industry
Ethanol Production from Sucrose-Containing Materials
Ethanol Production from Starchy Materials
Ethanol Production from Lignocellulosic Materials
Role of Energy Integration during Process Synthesis
Food Security versus Fuel Ethanol Production
Crop Potentials for Food and Energy
Bioethanol and Fossil Oil Dependence
Bioenergy and Transgenics
Bioenergy and Food Market
Bioenergy and Food Security Project
Perspectives and Challenges in Fuel Ethanol Production
Food Security Impacts
References appear at the end of each chapter.