The staggering toll of gun violencewhich claims 31,000 U.S. lives each yearis an urgent public health issue that demands an effective evidence-based policy response.
The Johns Hopkins University convened more than 20 of the world's leading experts on gun violence and policy to summarize relevant research and recommend policies that are both constitutional and have broad public support. Collected for the first time in one volume, this reliable, empirical research and legal analysis will help lawmakers, opinion leaders, and concerned citizens identify policy changes to address mass shootings, along with the less-publicized gun violence that takes an average of 80 lives every day.
Selected recommendations include:
• Background checks: Establish a universal background check system for all persons purchasing a firearm from any seller.
• High-risk individuals: Expand the set of conditions that disqualify an individual from legally purchasing a firearm.
• Mental health: Focus federal restrictions on gun purchases by persons with serious mental illness on the dangerousness of the individual.
• Trafficking and dealer licensing: Appoint a permanent director to ATF and provide the agency with the authority to develop a range of sanctions for gun dealers who violate gun sales or other laws.
• Personalized guns: Provide financial incentives to states to mandate childproof or personalized guns.
• Assault weapons and high-capacity magazines: Ban the future sale of assault weapons and the future sale and possession of large-capacity ammunition magazines.
• Research funds: Provide adequate federal funds to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institutes of Health, and National Institute of Justice for research into the causes and solutions of gun violence.
The book includes an analysis of the constitutionality of many recommended policies and data from a national public opinion poll that reflects support among the majority of Americansincluding gun ownersfor stronger gun policies.
|Publisher:||Johns Hopkins University Press|
|Product dimensions:||5.90(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)|
|Age Range:||18 Years|
About the Author
Daniel W. Webster, ScD, MPH, is a professor of Health Policy and Management at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, where he serves as Director of the Center for Gun Policy and Research, Deputy Director of Research for the Center for the Prevention of Youth Violence, and Director of the PhD program in Health and Public Policy. He has published numerous articles on the prevention of gun violence, firearm policy, youth gun acquisition and carrying, intimate partner violence, and the prevention of youth violence. Jon S. Vernick, JD, MPH, is an associate professor of Health Policy and Management at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Co-Director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research. He is committed to translating research findings into policy change, regularly working with legislators, media, courts, and advocates to provide information about effective policies.
Table of Contents
Foreword Michael R. Bloomberg xi
Preface Ronald J. Daniels Michael J. Klag xix
Introduction Daniel W. Webster Jon S. Vernick xxv
Part I Gun Policy Lessons from the United States: Keeping Guns from High-Risk Individuals
1 Firearms and Violent Death in the United States Matthew Miller Deborah Azrael David Hemenway 3
2 The Limited Impact of the Brady Act: Evaluation and Implications Philip J. Cook Jens Ludwig 21
3 Preventing Gun Violence Involving People with Serious Mental Illness Jeffrey W. Swanson Allison Gilbert Robertson Linda K. Frisman Michael A. Norko Hsiu-Ju Lin Marvin S. Swartz Philip J. Cook 33
4 Evidence for Optimism: Policies to Limit Batterers' Access to Guns April M. Zeoli Shannon Frattaroli 53
5 Reconsidering the Adequacy of Current Conditions on Legal Firearm Ownership Katherine A. Vittes Daniel W. Webster Jon S. Vernick 65
6 Broadening Denial Criteria for the Purchase and Possession of Firearms: Need, Feasibility, and Effectiveness Garen J. Wintemute 77
7 Comprehensive Background Checks for Firearm Sales: Evidence from Gun Shows Garen J. Wintemute 95
8 Preventing the Diversion of Guns to Criminals through Effective Firearm Sales Laws Daniel W. Webster Jon S. Vernick Emma E. McGinty Ted Alcorn 109
9 Spurring Responsible Firearms Sales Practices through Litigation: The Impact of New York City's Lawsuits against Gun Dealers on Interstate Gun Trafficking Daniel W. Webster Jon S. Vernick 123
10 Curtailing Dangerous Sales Practices by Licensed Firearm Dealers: Legal Opportunities and Obstacles Jon S. Vernick Daniel W. Webster 133
Part II Making Gun Laws Enforceable
11 Enforcing Federal Laws against Firearms Traffickers: Raising Operational Effectiveness by Lowering Enforcement Obstacles Anthony A. Braga Peter L. Gagliardi 143
Part III Gun Policy Lessons from the United States: High-Risk Guns
12 America's Experience with the Federal Assault Weapons Ban, 1994-2004: Key Findings and Implications Christopher S. Koper 157
13 Personalized Guns: Using Technology to Save Lives Stephen P. Teret Adam D. Mernit 173
Part IV International Case Studies of Responses to Gun Violence
14 Gun Control in Great Britain after the Dunblane Shootings Michael J. North 185
15 Rational Firearm Regulation: Evidence-based Gun Laws in Australia Rebecca Peters 195
16 The Big Melt: How One Democracy Changed after Scrapping a Third of Its Firearms Philip Alpers 205
17 Brazil: Gun Control and Homicide Reduction Antonio Rangel Bandeira 213
Part V Second Amendment
18 The Scope of Regulatory Authority under the Second Amendment Lawrence E. Rosenthal Adam Winkler 225
Part VI Public Opinion on Gun Policy
19 Public Opinion on Proposals to Strengthen U.S. Gun Laws: Findings from a 2013 Survey Emma E. McGinty Daniel W. Webster Jon S. Vernick Colleen L. Barry 239
Consensus Recommendations for Reforms to Federal Gun Policies 259
Biographies of Contributors 263
What People are Saying About This
The rate of firearms homicides in America is 20 times higher than it is in other economically advanced nations. We have got to change that.
Gun violence is a public health issue. It's about the health of our children, our schools, our neighborhoods, our communities, our cities and towns. Perhaps there is no way to completely prevent the next tragedy, but that cannot be an excuse that keeps us from doing commonsense things such as preventing violent crime, locking up bad guys, and keeping assault weapons from falling into the hands of disturbed people who are a danger to others. This isn't about ideology. It's about dignity.