Remembering Cold Days: The 1942 Massacre of Novi Sad and Hungarian Politics and Society, 1942-1989

Remembering Cold Days: The 1942 Massacre of Novi Sad and Hungarian Politics and Society, 1942-1989

by Arpad von Klimo


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Between three and four thousand civilians, primarily Serbian and Jewish, were murdered in the Novi Sad massacre of 1942. Hungarian soldiers and gendarmes carried out the crime in the city and surrounding areas, in territory Hungary occupied after the German attack on Yugoslavia. The perpetrators believed their acts to be a contribution to a new order in Europe, and as a means to ethnically cleanse the occupied lands.
            In marked contrast to other massacres, the Horthy regime investigated the incident and tried and convicted the commanding officers in 1943-44. Other trials would follow. During the 1960s, a novel and film telling the story of the massacre sparked the first public open debate about the Hungarian Holocaust.
            This book examines public contentions over the Novi Sad massacre from its inception in 1942 until the final trial in 2011. It demonstrates how attitudes changed over time toward this war crime and the Holocaust through different political regimes and in Hungarian society. The book also views how the larger European context influenced Hungarian debates, and how Yugoslavia dealt with memories of the massacre.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780822965459
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press
Publication date: 05/11/2018
Series: Russian and East European Studies Series
Edition description: 1
Pages: 256
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Arpad von Klimo is associate professor of history at The Catholic University of America in Washington, DC, and currently serves as president of the Hungarian Studies Association. He has published widely on Italian, German, and Hungarian history in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

Introduction 3

Part I Violence and Revenge, 1942-1948

Chapter 1 The 1942 Massacre of Novi Sad 21

Chapter 2 "Disloyalty": The Budapest Military Trial and the Holocaust 45

Chapter 3 Revenge: The First Postwar Trials 73

Part II From Silencing to Site of Memory, 1949-1989

Chapter 4 Postwar: The Long Stalinist Decade 107

Chapter 5 Fascists with a Human Face? The 1960s Novel and Film Cold Days 131

Chapter 6 The Victims of Mass Violence and the End of the Communist Regime 152

Epilogue 175

Notes 189

Bibliography 233

Index 263

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