Revolution, Counter-Revolution and Revisionism in Postcolonial Africa: The Case of Mozambique, 1975-1994

Revolution, Counter-Revolution and Revisionism in Postcolonial Africa: The Case of Mozambique, 1975-1994

by Alice Dinerman


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Revolution, Counter-Revolution and Revisionism in Postcolonial Africa: The Case of Mozambique, 1975-1994 by Alice Dinerman

This groundbreaking study investigates defining themes in the field of social memory studies as they bear on the politics of post-Cold-War, post-apartheid Southern Africa. Alice Dinerman offers a detailed chronicle of the Mozambican government's attempts to revise the country's troubled postcolonial past with a view to negotiating the political challenges posed by the present. In doing so, she lays bare the path-dependence of memory practices, while tracing their divergent trajectories, shifting meanings and varied combinations within ruling discourse and performance.

Central themes include:

  • the interplay between past and present
  • the dialectic between remembering and forgetting
  • the dynamics between popular and official memory discourses
  • the politics of acknowledgement.

Dinerman's original analysis is essential reading for students of modern Africa, the sociology of memory, Third World politics and post-conflict societies.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781138867970
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Publication date: 03/31/2015
Edition description: Reprint
Pages: 424
Product dimensions: 6.14(w) x 9.21(h) x 0.86(d)

Table of Contents

List of maps     x
Acknowledgments     xi
Notes on the text     xiv
Glossary and acronyms     xvi
Introduction: the making and unmaking of the Namapa Naparamas     1
Mozambique as a bellwether     12
Post-socialist Mozambique, recent historiographical debate and contemporary forms of mnemonic legitimation     19
Myth as a "meaning-making" device in post-independence Mozambique     32
Policy, politics and historiography     35
The state-idea in post-independence Mozambique     47
The Frelimo revolution     49
Renamo and counter-revolution     54
Official history, Frelimo ideology and Mozambican studies     61
Synopsis of argument and a key assumption     77
Nampula Province and Erati/Namapa District     79
Overview, scope and sources     83
Aspects of precolonial and colonial Nampula     90
Precolonial Nampula     90
Colonial chieftaincy     93
The colonial cotton regime     96
Erati District, c.1830-1974     106
From "abaixo" to "chiefs of production," 1975-1987     115
The context     119
All in the family?     125
Economiccrisis, war and chiefs of production     138
The context, 1987-1994     152
Overview: 1987-1994     152
Post-1994 developments     155
Civil war and its legacies     161
Rural markets, capital and the Pre/Pres     163
The budget crisis and the state     165
Moves toward fiscal reform     167
"Marginality" and law enforcement     169
Pre-election instability     170
Multipartyism, the retraditionalization of local administration and the apparent duplication of state authority: the case of Nampula Province     171
The secretary as interloper     172
The state as Leviathan?     176
The state, the party and chieftaincy, 1990-1994     179
Labor, tribute and authority     193
The provenance, ambiguities and uncertainties of chiefly political ascendancy     195
Traditional versus community courts and other struggles over tribute     197
Succession struggles and territorial disputes     202
Contending royals and the centrality of the state     205
Chiefs, the state and capital     207
Chiefs and the populace     213
Conclusion     215
In the name of the state      219
Researching rural political authority     224
Representing chieftaincy     226
The secretary as fall-guy     229
The local and its limits     234
Evidence of early negotiations and compromise     240
The roots of rural "anarchy" reconsidered     243
Conclusion     256
Roots, routes and rootlessness: ruling political practice and Mozambican studies     259
The emmies of the people revisited     259
The politics of acknowledgment, 1989-1994     261
The electoral campaign     264
The petty bourgeoisie unbound     272
Conclusion     283
Notes     289
Bibliography     345
Index     377

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