The associations between human rights and the work of development activists didn't receive widespread attention from international development agencies until the mid to late 1990s. The most visible sign that attitudes were changing occurred when the UN held its World Summit for Social Development in Copenhagen in 1995. From that point on, rights became a stated objective of most agencies, regardless of the level of effort they actually spent in incorporating these ideas into their activities.
Now, over a decade after that crucial turning point, Rights-Based Approaches to Development reflects on the effect of the development community's major shift in focus from market-based frameworks to a rights-based one. Contributors, both academics and practitioners, reflect on their experience with rights-based development activities. They draw out the current debates, theoretical and practical concerns and achievements, and larger implications about poverty and the relationship between citizens and the state. With powerful insights into where the development community has been and where it needs to go, Rights-Based Approaches to Development is critical to understanding the role of social justice in the context of development.
|Publisher:||Kumarian Press, Inc.|
|Edition description:||New Edition|
|Product dimensions:||6.00(w) x 1.25(h) x 9.00(d)|
About the Author
Diana Mitlin is an economist and social development specialist and works both at the International Institute for Environment and Development and the Institute for Development Policy and Management (University of Manchester). Her major focus is on issues of urban poverty reduction, in particular in the area of secure tenure, basic services and housing. Her work has explored a number of themes related to the contribution of civil society to addressing issues related to poverty and inequality. For the last ten years, she has worked with Shack/Slum Dwellers International. Recent publications include Empowering Squatter Citizen (2004, with David Satterthwaite) and Confronting the Crisis in Urban Poverty (2006, with Lucy Stevens and Stuart Coupe).
Sam Hickey lectures on international development at IDPM, School of Environment and Development, University of Manchester. His research focuses on the politics of development, particularly the links between politics and poverty reduction, issues of citizenship and participation, and the role of civil society and NGOs in development. Recent papers have appeared in World Development and Development and Change, and he is co-editor (with Giles Mohan) of the collection entitled From Tyranny to Transformation: Exploring New Approaches to Participation (Zed Books, 2004). He currently co-ordinates research into the politics of exclusion within the Chronic Poverty Research Centre.
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations vii
Part 1 The Rise of Rights-Based Approaches to Development
Chapter 1 Introduction Sam Hickey Diana Mitlin 3
Chapter 2 Linking Rights and Development Some Critical Challenges Robert Archer 21
Chapter 3 The Rights of the Rich versus the Rights of the Poor John Gledhill 31
Part 2 Rights, Governmentality, and Citizenship
Chapter 4 Exploring a Political Approach to Rights-Based Development in North West Cameroon: From Rights and Marginality to Citizenship and Justice Jeidoh Duni Robert Fon Sam Hickey Nuhu Salihu 49
Chapter 5 Recognition or Misrecognition? Pitfalls of Indigenous People's Free, Prior, and Informed Consent (FPIC) Katsuhiko Masaki 69
Part 3 Do Rights-Based Approaches Offer a Pro-Poor Route to Development?
Chapter 6 Property Rights and Rights-Based Sustainable Livelihoods Leonith Hinojosa-Valencia 87
Chapter 7 Reinterpreting the Rights-Based Approach: A Grassroots Perspective on Rights and Development Sheela Patel Diana Mitlin 107
Part 4 From Voluntarism to Empowerment?
Chapter 8 Rethinking Agency, Rights, and Natural Resource Management Frances Cleaver 127
Chapter 9 "We Are Also Human": Identity and Power in Gender Relations Michael Drinkwater 145
Part 5 The Operational Implications of Rights-Based Approaches
Chapter 10 Rights-Based Development: The Challenge of Change and Power for Development NGOs Jennifer Chapman in collaboration with Valerie Miller Adriano Campolina Soares John Samuel 165
Chapter 11 The "Human Rights-Based Approach to Programming": A Contradiction in Terms? Lauchlan T. Munro 187
Part 6 Conclusions and Ways Forward
Chapter 12 The Potential and Pitfalls ofRights-Based Approaches to Development Sam Hickey Diana Mitlin 209