Even before the country became independent in 1962, Rwanda's two largest ethnic groups, the Hutu and Tutsi, were often at war. In the spring of 1994, tensions between the two group culminated in nationwide massacres of approximately 800,000 Tutsi and moderate Hutu. The genocide drew international attention to the problems of this small state in central Africa.
Since the genocide ended, Rwanda has made slow but steady progress. In 2003, a new constitution was adopted that would prevent future human- right abuses. The country's economy, devastated by years of civil war, is also improving. However, much work must still be done to ensure Rwanda's stability.
Table of Contents
Introduction Robert I. Rotberg 6
Land of a Thousand Hills 11
A Tale of Tribes 19
The New Republic 35
A Struggling Economy 45
A Culture in Transition 53
Cities, Towns, and Villages 67
A Calendar of Rwandan Festivals 74
Project and Report Ideas 80
Further Reading/Internet Resources 84
For More Information 85