Seeing the Sky: 100 Projects, Activities & Explorations in Astronomy

Seeing the Sky: 100 Projects, Activities & Explorations in Astronomy

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780486488882
Publisher: Dover Publications
Publication date: 09/19/2012
Series: Dover Children's Science Books Series
Pages: 224
Sales rank: 349,483
Product dimensions: 9.00(w) x 6.10(h) x 0.60(d)
Age Range: 13 - 17 Years

Table of Contents

Moon 1

1 Moon Maps and Bias 2

2 Features at Each Lunar Phase 4

3 Shades of Bright and Dark on the Moon 6

4 Patterns in the Distribution of Lunar Features 7

5 Smallest, Most Difficult Naked-Eye Lunar Features 9

6 Libration 13

7 Size of the Moon 15

8 Brightness of the Moon's Disk and Moonlight 17

9 Lunar Occultations and Conjunctions with Stars and Planets 19

10 Color of the Moon's Disk 20

11 Color of Moon Shadows and Moonlit Landscape and Sky 22

12 Thinnest Moons in Twilight and Day 24

13 Earthshine on the Moon 25

14 Judging Full Moons and Half Moons 27

Planets 29

15 Differences Between Planets and Stars: Twinkling 30

16 Differences Between Planets and Stars: Planetary Motions 31

17 Beginnings and Ends of Planetary Apparitions 33

18 Daytime and Bright Twilight Visibility of Venus 35

19 Daytime and Bright Twilight Visibility of Other Planets 37

20 Trying to See the Moons of Jupiter with the Naked Eye 38

21 Trying to See the Shapes of Venus and Saturn with the Naked Eye 40

22 Shadows Cast by the Brightest Planets 41

23 Estimating the Brightness and Color of Planets 44

24 Special Aspects of Planetary Conjunctions 45

Stars 49

25 Colors of Stars 50

26 Color Variations and Twinkling of Stars: "Seeing" 51

27 Limiting Magnitude of Stars: Transparency 53

28 Counting Pleiads 55

29 Observational Tests with M44 57

30 Naked-Eye Star Clusters 59

31 Other Naked-Eye Deep-Sky Objects 62

32 Star-Rise, Star-Set, and Atmospheric Extinction 63

33 Splitting Mizar-Alcor 65

34 Splitting Other Double Stars 66

35 Betelgeuse and Similar Variable Stars 68

36 Identifying Constellations 72

37 Identifying and Discovering Asterisms 73

38 Visibility of the Milky Way 75

39 Levels of Brightness in the Milky Way 77

40 Greatest Extent of the Milky Way 79

41 Most Southerly Stars and Constellations from your Latitude 80

42 Co-Risers, Co-Setters, and Rise-Set Pairs 82

43 Extreme Width of Celestial Field of View 83

44 Heliacal Risings and Settings of Stars 85

45 Daytime and Bright Twilight Visibility of Stars 88

Sunsets and Twilights 91

46 Color and Color Gradation of the Setting Sun 92

47 Oblateness of the Setting Sun 93

48 Distorted Sunsets 95

49 The Green Flash 97

50 Crepuscular and Anticrepuscular Rays 98

51 The Earthshadow and Belt of Venus 100

52 Brightness of Twilight 103

53 The Purple Light 104

54 Various Phenomena of Volcanically Enhanced Twilights 106

55 Second Purple Light and Counter Purple Light 107

The Blue Sky 111

56 Blueness (and Darkness) of the Blue Sky 112

57 Distribution of Blue in the Sky and the Sun's Aureole 113

Light Pollution 115

58 Mapping Light Pollution Areas and Identifying City Skyglows 116

59 Severity of Light Pollution 118

60 Identifying Local Sources of Skyglow 119

61 Calculating Constellations Lost 121

62 Calculating Stars Lost 123

Meteors and Comets 125

63 Studying the Full Duration of Major Meteor Showers 126

64 Studying Minor Meteor Showers 128

65 Watching for "Lost" and Nonannual Meteor Showers 131

66 Monitoring the Leonids for Possible Meteor Storms 133

67 Recording Meteor Brightness, Color, Trains, and Other Properties 134

68 Observing Fireballs and Gathering Fireball Observations 137

69 Naked-Eye Observations and Brightness Estimates of Comets 139

70 Naked-Eye Observations of Comet Tails 141

Rainbows, Halos, Coronas, and Glories 143

71 Studying and Timing a Rainbow's Changes 144

72 Studying a Rainbow's Colors 145

73 Supernumerary Arcs and Alexander's Dark Band 147

74 Looking for Moon Rainbows and Higher-Order Rainbows 150

75 Sun-Reflection Rainbows and the Rainbow's Reflection 152

76 Fogbows 153

77 Dewbows 155

78 Twenty-Two-Degree Halos 156

79 Mock Suns 158

80 Sun Pillars and "Double Suns" 159

81 Moon Pillars and Light Pillars 161

82 Circumscribed Halos 162

83 Circumzenithal Arc and Circumhorizontal Arc 164

84 Rarer Halo Phenomena 166

85 Coronas 167

86 Iridescent Clouds 169

87 Glories 170

Eclipses 173

88 First and Last Naked-Eye Visibility of Earth's Penumbra and Umbra 174

89 Colors at a Lunar Eclipse 177

90 Brightness of the Eclipsed Moon 178

91 Sun-Pictures During a Partial Solar Eclipse 180

92 Darkening and Color of the Sky During a Partial Solar Eclipse 182

93 Eclipse and Noneclipse Shadow Bands 183

94 Some Auxiliary Phenomena of Total Solar Eclipses 185

95 Rainbows, Halos, and Cloud Coronas at Solar and Lunar Eclipses 187

Elusive Glows 189

96 Noctilucent Clouds 190

97 Aurora and Airglow 191

98 The Zodiacal Light 194

99 Gegenschein and Zodiacal Band 196

100 The Cloud Satellites of Earth 197

Glossary 201

Sources of Information 207

Index 211

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