Many fundamental aspects of the methods used in mass spectrometry are here presented by outstanding scientists, with reference to very recent developments. The principles and applications of electrospray, ion spray and MALDI ionization technique are presented, together with optimised GC/MS interfacing systems and tools for quantitative analysis. A comprehensive treatment of modern instrumentation for mass analysis and detection is also included. The major part of the book deals with bioanalytical applications to peptides, proteins, oligonucleotides, polysaccharides, lipids and plant metabolites. Several papers are devoted to the evaluation of adduct formation between DNA and carcinogens. Environmental applications are also included, with examples of some specific cases. Fundamentals and applications are treated with the same degree of depth: the first two parts of the book therefore provide a basis for the understanding of the biomolecular applications section. Audience: Ideal for advanced graduate students of chemistry who have learned some basic mass spectrometry. Also useful for Ph.D. students in chemistry, biology and medicine. Of value to researchers in academic and industrial laboratories.
Table of ContentsPreface. Part I: Methods in Mass Spectrometry. Electrospray Ionization: Theory and Application; S.J. Gaskell. Atmospheric Pressure Ionization (ESI and APCI); A. Raffaelli. Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption- Ionization (MALDI) Mass Spectrometry: Principles and Applications; M. Karas, U. Bahr. High Sensitivity ESI and MALDI MS; T.B. Farmer, R.M. Caprioli. Optimised GS/MS Interfacing Systems and Operating Conditions; P.J. Arpino. Quantitative Analysis by Mass Spectrometry: Some Important Considerations; M.W. Duncan. Optimization of Mass Spectrometric Ionisation Efficiency Data; I.T. Ozgen, et al. Role of Internal Energy in Mass Spectrometric Fragmentation; K. Vékey. Interaction of Metal Ions and Protons with Simple Biomolecules. Structure Information from Bond Energies and Entropy Effects; B.A. Cerda, et al. A Promising Marriage Between Theory and Experiment: Density Functional Method versus Mass Spectrometry; T. Marino, et al. Part II: Instrumentation for Mass Analysis and Detection. Recent Advances in Magnet Sector Mass Spectrometry; O.V. Menirovskiy, et al. Quadrupole Mass Filters and Quadrupole Ion Traps; R.G. Cooks, et al. Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry; M.L. Vestal. Combined Analyzer Technologies; P. Kofel, U.P. Schlunegger. Fourier Transform Mass Spectrometry; M.L. Easterling, I.J. Amster. Part III: Application to Biomolecules. Protein Characterization by MS in Pharmaceutical Industry; D. Muller, et al. Folding Pathways of Disulphide Containing Proteins; M. Ruoppolo, et al. Integration of Chemical Modification Reactions and Mass Spectrometric Methods in Protein Characterisation; S. Foti. PSD-MALDI Analysis of Peptides; B. Spengler. Development ofa Mass Spectrometric Approach for the Characterisation of Hemoglobin Adducts; P. Ferrante, et al. Reactivity of Antineoplastic Drugs with Model Peptides Studied by Advanced Mass Spectrometry Methodologies; V. Carbone, et al. Applications of Mass Spectrometry in Biochemical Studies of Nucleosides, Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids; R.P. Newton. MALDI Mass Analysis of Oligonucleotides; U. Bahr, M. Karas. DNA Adducts in Human Carcinogenesis; H. Bartsch. MALDI MS of Oligo and Polysaccharides; D. Garozzo. Mass Spectrometry of Isoeicosanoids as Novel Lipid Substances; R.C. Murphy, R.J. Waugh. The Role of Mass Spectrometry in the Characterization of Plant Metabolites from Crude Extracts; A. De Nino, et al. Environmental Applications of Mass Spectrometry: Toxaphene Analysis; F.I. Onuska, R.J. Maguire. The Determination of Polar Compounds in the Aquatic Environment; M.J.F. Suter. Some Mass Spectrometry Contributions in the Study of Cultural Heritage; P. Agozzino. Index.