In the late 19th century, the United States began a period of increased engagement in the Western Pacifica situation that continues to this day. Nimmo provides a study of U.S. diplomatic, economic, and military relations with the nations of East Asia and the Pacific from the late 1800s to 1945. In addition to interaction with China, Korea, and Japan, the book includes U.S. involvement in Hawaii, American Samoa, Guam, and the Philippines. This one-volume treatment, ranging from the Spanish American War to the Second World War, examines the continuity in U.S. policy during this crucial period. Particular attention is devoted to the U.S. response to Japan's territorial aggression during this period, primarily its undeclared wars against China, in Manchuria in 1931, and in North and Central China from 1937 to 1945.
This examination counters revisionist claims that the United States led Japan into war in 1941 and that war could have been avoided by the pursuit of a more conciliatory policy on the part of the U.S. It explores why it was necessary for the U.S. to demand unconditional surrender and refutes claims that Japan was a victim of the war. The acquisition of U.S. territory in the Pacific initially began with the annexation of Hawaii and continued with the former possessions of Spain, ceded in the Spanish American War. Nimmo follows this story through the Philippine War, efforts to promote Philippine independence, the Commonwealth era, and finally independence in 1946.
About the Author
WILLIAM F. NIMMO is a researcher and historian specializing in foreign relations, military affairs, and the Allied Occupation of Japan./e He served as an Army officer in the Korean War and held civilian positions with the Department of the Army in Washington. He later taught history and political science as an adjunct faculty member at several colleges and universities, and has participated in symposiums at the General Douglas MacArthur Memorial in Norfolk, Virginia, serving as editor for the symposium proceedings. He and his wife, Fontaine, live in Virginia Beach, Virginia.
Table of Contents
The Beginnings: New Experiences for Americans in Asia and the Pacific
Expansion in Asia and the Pacific
New Century and Rising New Powers
World War I: Big Rewards for Japan with Little Pain
The 1920s: A Move to Liberalism in Japan and Turmoil in China
The Japanese Army Moves in on Civilian Government
The Early 1930s: Japan Expands While the United States Withdraws from Empire
Japan Attempts to Conquer China
Confrontation Between the United States and Japan
The Military Dictatorship Takes Japan to War
Ending the War