Strange Duets: Impresarios and Actresses in the American Theatre, 1865-1914

Strange Duets: Impresarios and Actresses in the American Theatre, 1865-1914

by Kim Marra

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Autocratic male impresarios increasingly dominated the American stage between 1865 and 1914. Many rose from poor immigrant roots and built their own careers by making huge stars out of “undiscovered,” Anglo-identified actresses. Reflecting the antics of self-made industrial empire-builders and independent, challenging New Women, these theatrical potentates and their protégées gained a level of wealth and celebrity comparable to that of Hollywood stars today. In her engaging and provocative Strange Duets, Kim Marra spotlights three passionate impresario-actress relationships of exceptional duration that encapsulated the social tensions of the day and strongly influenced the theatre of the twentieth century. Augustin Daly and Ada Rehan, Charles Frohman and Maude Adams, and David Belasco and Mrs. Leslie Carter reigned over “legitimate” Broadway theatre, the venue of greatest social cachet for the monied classes. Unlike impresarios and actresses in vaudeville and burlesque, they produced full-length spoken drama that involved special rigors of training and rehearsal to sustain a character’s emotional “truth” as well as a high level of physical athleticism and endurance. Their efforts compelled fascination at a time when most people believed women’s emotions were seated primarily in the reproductive organs and thus were fundamentally embodied and sexual in nature. While the impresario ostensibly exercised full control over his leading lady, showing fashionable audiences that the exciting but unruly New Woman could be both tamed and enjoyed, she acquired a power of her own that could bring him to his knees.Kim Marra combines methods of cultural, gender, and sexuality studies with theatre history to explore the vexed mutual dependency between these status-seeking Svengalis and their alternately willing and resistant leading ladies. She illuminates how their on- and off-stage performances, highly charged in this Darwinian era with “racial” as well as gender, sexual, and class dynamics, tapped into the contradictory fantasies and aspirations of their audiences. Played out against a backdrop of enormous cultural and institutional transformation, the volatile romance of Daly and Rehan, closeted homosexuality of Frohman and Adams, and carnal expiations of Belasco and Carter produced strange duets indeed.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781587297410
Publisher: University of Iowa Press
Publication date: 05/01/2009
Series: Studies Theatre Hist & Culture
Sold by: Barnes & Noble
Format: NOOK Book
Pages: 384
File size: 3 MB

About the Author

Kim Marra is associate professor in the Departments of Theatre Arts and American Studies and a member of the Advisory Committee of the Sexuality Studies Program at the University of Iowa. She coedited Passing Performances: Queer Readings of Leading Players in American Theater History, Staging Desire: Queer Readings of American Theater History, and The Gay and Lesbian Theatrical Legacy: A Biographical Dictionary of Major Figures of the American Stage in the Pre-Stonewall Era.

Table of Contents

1 Pioneering on the Theatical Frontier: Augustin Daly's Early Ventures 1 2 A Troubled Republic: Daly and His Leading Ladies 31 3 Birds of a Feather The Queer Theatrical Empire of Charles Frohman and Maude Adams 73 4 Through Fairy and Fowl: Civilization by Sexual Inversion on Frohman's Imperial Stages 1o5 5 A Priesty Acting Pedagogy: David Belasco's Quest for Sexual Knowledge 143 6 Drilling Her in the Emotional Parts: David Belasco Trains Mrs. Leslie Carter for the Stage 177 7 Imperial Expiations: Belascos Othered Worlds 215 Epilogue: Phantoms of Broadway 257

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