The City Wall of Imperial Rome: An Account of Its Architectural Development from Aurelian to Narses

The City Wall of Imperial Rome: An Account of Its Architectural Development from Aurelian to Narses

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781594161827
Publisher: Westholme Publishing
Publication date: 08/01/2013
Edition description: 1
Pages: 279
Product dimensions: 5.90(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

List of Plates x

List of Figures in the Text xi

Glossary xiii

List of Abbreviations xiv

Introduction: The aim of this book and previous studies 1

Part I General Features and Ancient Descriptions

I The Wall in its Present State 7

§ 1 The relation of the wall to earlier boundaries and defences of the City and its present character 7

§ 2 The date of the Wall as shown by incorporated structures 15

a The Land Wall 15

b The Transtiberine Wall 16

c The River Wall 18

d Hadrian's Mausoleum 20

e Conclusions 26

II Ancient Literary Sources, Including Two Renaissance Studies 27

§ 1 Classical Literature 27

a The building of the Wall 27

b Maxentius and the Wall 30

c The Honorian restoration 30

d An edict of Theodosius II and Valentinian III 36

e Theoderic's Repairs 37

f Belisarius prepares for the seige of Witigis 38

g The destruction of the Wall by Totila, and further repairs by Belisarius 40

§ 2 Medieval descriptions of the Wall 43

a The Einsicdcln List 43

b Chronicon Benedicti 49

c The Cemetery Lists 50

d Descriptio plenaria 51

e Graphia Aureae Urbis Romae 51

f De mirabilibus Urbis Romae 51

g Anonymus Magliabecchianus 51

§ 3 Two Renaissance Studies 52

a Poggio Bracciolini 52

b Nicholas Audebert 54

Part II The Architectural Evolution of the Wall

I The Construction of the Wall 57

§ 1 The first-period Wall, type A 57

§ 2 The first-period Wall, type B 65

§ 3 The first-period Wall, type C 65

§ 4 The scope and value of the first-period Wall 66

§ 5 The second-period Wall, type A 67

§ 6 The second-period Wall, type B 71

§ 7 The second-period Wall, type C 72

§ 8 The second-period Wall, type D 73

§ 9 The value of the reconstructed Wall 74

II The Towers and Their Evolution 76

§ 1 The first-period Towers 76

§ 2 The second-period Towers 81

III Necessaria 84

IV Repairs to the Wall and Towers 87

Part III The Gates

I Introductory 91

II Existing Gates 93

§ 1 Porta Nomentana 93

§ 2 Porta Latina 100

§ 3 Porta Ostiensis East 109

§ 4 Porta Appia 121

a Early constructions and the cast Tower 122

b The west Tower 131

c The Curtain 134

d The Vantage-court 137

e Conclusions 140

§ 5 Porta Metrobia 142

§ 6 Porta Asinaria 144

a The first Gate 146

b The second Gate 150

§ 7 Porta Pindant 159

§ 8 Porta Tiburtina 170

§ 9 La Porta Chiusa 181

III Demolished Gates 185

§ 1 Porta Salaria 185

§ 2 Porta Flaminia 191

§ 3 Porta Portuensis 200

§ 4 Porta Praenestina-Labicana 205

§ 5 Porta Ardeatina (? Laurentina) 217

§ 6 Pona Ostiensis West 219

§ 7 Porta Aurelia-Pancraziana 221

§ 8 Porta Septimiana 223

§ 9 Porta Aurelia-Sancti Petri 227

IV Existing Posterns 229

§ 1 Postern of Via Nomentana 230

§ 2 Postern of Castra Praetoria 230

§ 3 Postern of the Licinian Gardens 231

§ 4 Postern of Vigna Casali 232

§ 5 Wicket of Giardino Cardelli 233

§ 6 Doorway of Vigna Casali 234

V Demolished Posterns 236

Part IV Historical Interpretation of the Remains

I Aurelian's Wall and Gates 241

II From Aurelian to Honorius 251

III The Restoration of Honorius 257

IV From Honorius to Narses 263

§ 1 Period IV 263

§ 2 Period V, Theoderic's restoration 264

§ 3 Period VI, Belisarius in 536 264

§ 4 Period VII, 537 to 546 266

§ 5 Period VIII, Belisarius in 547 266

Appendix I Text of the Einsiedeln List 268

Appendix II Index to Towers and Curtains of the Wall 269

Index of Ancient Literature, Artists, and Modern Authorities 271

General Index 273

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