The Drug Book: From Arsenic to Xanax, 250 Milestones in the History of Drugs

The Drug Book: From Arsenic to Xanax, 250 Milestones in the History of Drugs

by Michael C. Gerald

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Overview

The Drug Book: From Arsenic to Xanax, 250 Milestones in the History of Drugs by Michael C. Gerald


Throughout history, humans everywhere have searched for remedies to heal our bodies and minds. Covering everything from ancient herbs to cutting-edge chemicals, this book in the hugely popular Milestones series looks at 250 of the most important moments in the development of life-altering, life-saving, and sometimes life-endangering pharmaceuticals. Illustrated entries feature ancient drugs like alcohol, opium, and hemlock; the smallpox and the polio vaccines; homeopathic cures; and controversial medical treatments like ether, amphetamines, and Xanax—while shining a light on the scientists, doctors, and companies who brought them to us.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781402782640
Publisher: Sterling
Publication date: 09/03/2013
Series: Sterling Milestones
Pages: 528
Sales rank: 544,955
Product dimensions: 7.50(w) x 8.50(h) x 1.70(d)

About the Author


Michael C. Gerald, PhD is Professor Emeritus of Pharmacy at the University of Connecticut and has served as Dean of the school. He was previously a professor of pharmacology and Associate Dean at the College of Pharmacy at The Ohio State University and a consultant to the World Health Organization in Geneva. A member of the Board of Directors of the Patient Access Network Foundation, he has authored more than 100 publications and five books, including The Poisonous Pen of Agatha Christie (University of Texas Press) and The Complete Idiot's Guide to Prescription Drugs (Alpha). He lives in Storrs Mansfield, CT.

Table of Contents

Introduction 10

Acknowledgments 15

c. 60,000 BCE Herbs 16

c. 10,000 BCE Alcohol 18

c. 5000 BCE Alchemy 20

c. 3000 BCE Cannabis 22

c. 2737 BCE Tea 24

c. 2500 BCE Opium 26

c. 1550 BCE Smith and Ebers Papyri 28

c. 500 BCE Rauwolfia 30

399 BCE Hemlock 32

c. 200 BCE Mandrake 34

c. 65 BCE Theriac of Mithridates 36

c. 60 Materia Medica 38

c. 70 Colchicine 40

c. 800 Coffee 42

1250 Arsenic 44

1456 Witches' Flying Ointments 46

1532 Coca 48

1542 Belladonna 50

1602 Antimonials 52

1623 Patent Medicines 54

1639 Cinchona Bark 56

1670 Ergot 58

1676 Laudanum 60

1681 Ferrous Sulfate 62

1682 Ipecac 64

1704 Hydrogen Cyanide 66

1753 Clinical Testing of Drugs 68

1762 Aconite 70

1774 Tetrodotoxin 72

1775 Digitalis 74

1793 Calomel 76

1796 Smallpox Vaccine 78

1796 Homeopathic Medicine 80

1797 Absinthe 82

1806 Alkaloids 84

1806 Morphine 86

1818 Strychnine 88

1819 Caffeine 90

1820 Quinine 92

1831 Atropine 94

1832 Codeine 96

1839 Medical Marijuana 98

1844 Nitrous Oxide 100

1846 Ether 102

1847 Chloroform 104

1850 Curare 106

1857 Bromides 108

1867 Phenol 110

1869 Chloral Hydrate 112

1875 Digitoxin 114

1875 Physostigmine 116

1879 Nitroglycerin 118

1881 Scopolamine 120

1882 Paraldehyde 122

1884 Cocaine 124

1888 Theophylline 126

1897 Mescaline 128

1898 Heroin 130

1899 Aspirin 132

1901 Epinephrine/Adrenaline 134

1902 Phenolphthalein 136

1903 Barbital 138

1905 Atoxyl 140

1905 Novocain 142

1905 Drug Receptors 144

1906 Pure Food and Drug Act 146

1906 Food and Drug Administration 148

1909 Oxytocin 150

1910 Salvarsan 152

1912 Phenobarbital 154

1912 Quinidine 156

1914 Thyroxine 158

1916 Heparin 160

1920 Neurotransmitters 162

1920 Merbaphen 164

1921 Carbon Tetrachloride 166

1921 Insulin 168

1924 Hexylresorcinol 170

1925 Ergotamine and Ergonovine 172

1927 Insulin Shock Therapy 174

1927 Thimerosal 176

1928 Penicillin 178

1928 Nembutal and Seconal 180

1929 Estrone and Estrogen 182

1932 Amphetamine 184

1933 Progesterone and Progestin 186

1933 Dinitrophenol 188

1934 Thiopental 190

1935 Tubocurarine 192

1935 Prontosil 194

1935 Testosterone 196

1935 Neostigmine and Pyridostigmine 198

1936 Tabun and Sarin 200

1936 Sulfanilamide 202

1937 Dapsone 204

1938 Diethylstilbestrol 206

1938 Dilantin 208

1938 Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act 210

1939 DDT 212

1939 Percorten 214

1940 Warfarin 216

1941 Premarin 218

1942 Nitrogen Mustard 220

1943 LSD 222

1944 Streptomycin 224

1944 Neo-Antergan 226

1944 Methamphetamine 228

1945 Fluorides 230

1946 Benadryl 232

1946 Radioiodine 234

1947 Methadone 236

1947 Drug Metabolism 238

1947 Chloroquine 240

1947 Amethopterin and Methotrexate 242

1948 Tetracyclines 244

1948 Xylocaine 246

1949 Lithium 248

1949 Chloramphenicol 250

1949 Cortisone 252

1951 Succinylcholine 254

1951 Isoniazid 256

1951 Malathion 258

1951 Phenergan 260

1951 Benemid 262

1952 Chlorpromazine 264

1952 Reserpine 266

1952 Iproniazid 268

1952 Erythromycin 270

1952 Diamox 272

1953 Acetaminophen/Paracetamol 274

1953 Mercaptopurine 276

1954 Nystatin 278

1954 Polio Vaccine 280

1955 Meprobamate 282

1955 Placebos 284

1955 Ritalin 286

1956 Dianabol 288

1956 Amphotericin B 290

1957 Orinase 292

1957 Thalidomide 294

1957 Tofranil and Elavil 296

1958 Griseofulvin 298

1958 Glucophage 300

1958 Diuril 302

1958 Haldol 304

1958 Vinca Alkaloids 306

1958 Dextromethorphan 308

1959 Flagyl 310

1960 Librium 312

1960 Enovid 314

1961 Ampicillin 316

1961 Hexachlorophene 318

1961 Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors 320

1962 Kefauver-Harris Amendment 322

1962 Off-Label Drug Use 324

1963 Valium 326

1963 Gentamicin 328

1964 Propranolol 330

1964 Cephalothin 332

1966 Lasix 334

1966 Zyloprim 336

1967 Rifampin 338

1967 Clomid 340

1967 Valproic Acid 342

1967 Phencyclidine 344

1968 Levodopa 346

1968 Albuterol/Salbutamol 348

1968 RhoGAM 350

1968 Fentanyl 352

1968 Butazolidin 354

1972 Praziquantel 356

1972 Artemisinin 358

1973 Opioids 360

1973 Tamoxifen 362

1975 Rohypnol 364

1976 Beclovent 366

1976 Tagamet 368

1976 MDMA/Ecstasy 370

1977 Lethal Injection 372

1978 Timoptic 374

1981 Captopril 376

1981 Xanax 378

1982 Acyclovir 380

1982 Biologic Drugs 382

1982 Human Insulin 384

1982 Accutane 386

1983 Cyclosporine/Ciclosporin 388

1983 Propofol 390

1985 Growth Hormone 392

1986 Crack Cocaine 394

1986 BuSpar 396

1987 AZT/Retrovir 398

1987 Cipro 400

1987 Mevacor 402

1987 Prozac 404

1987 Ivermectin 406

1987 tRV 408

1988 Rogaine 410

1988 Mifepristone 412

1989 Prilosec 414

1989 Clozapine 416

1989 Epoetin 418

1989 Botox 420

1991 Imitrex 422

1991 Nicotine Replacement Therapy 424

1991 Neupogen 426

1992 Proscar and Propecia 428

1992 Ambien 430

1993 Cognex and Aricept 432

1993 Claritin 434

1994 Ephedra/Ephedrine 436

1994 Dietary Supplements 438

1995 Fosamax 440

1996 HAART 442

1996 OxyContin 444

1996 Zyprexa 446

1997 Plavix 448

1997 Direct-to-Consumer Ads 450

1997 Synthroid 452

1997 Evista 454

1997 Flomax 456

1998 Celebrex and Vioxx 458

1998 Viagra 460

1998 Herceptin 462

1998 Enbrel, Remicade, and Humira 464

1999 Plan B 466

2001 Gleevec/Glivec 468

2003 Iressa and Erbitux 470

2003 17P/ Progesterone Injections and Gel 472

2003 Resveratrol 474

2004 Avastin 476

2006 Gardasil 478

2006 Chantix/Champix 480

2006 Lucentis 482

2010 Avandia 484

2010 Provenge 486

2010 Gilenya 488

2010 Prescription Drug Abuse 490

2010 Weight-Loss Drugs 492

2010 Pradaxa 494

2011 Viread 496

2011 Victrelis and Incivek 498

2011 Benlysta 500

2012 Broad-Spectrum Sunscreens 502

2012 Kalydeco 504

2014 Anti-Alzheimer's Drugs 506

2015 Female Viagra 508

2018 Smart Drugs 510

2020 Antiaging Drugs 512

2020 Gene Therapy 514

Further Reading 516

Index 526

Photo Credits 528

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