The Freshwater Budget of the Arctic Ocean

The Freshwater Budget of the Arctic Ocean

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Overview

The Freshwater Budget of the Arctic Ocean by Edward Lyn Lewis, E. Peter Jones

Following a decision by the Arctic Ocean Sciences Board (AOSB) in July 1996 the then chainnan, Geoffrey Holland, wrote a letter of invitation to a meeting to plan a "Symposium on the Freshwater Balance of the Arctic". The meeting was held in Ottawa on November 12-13 1996 and was attended by representatives of various organisations, including the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF), as well as individual scientists. Results of this meeting included: • Co-sponsorship with AOSB by the Scientific Committee on Ocean Research (SCOR), the Arctic Climate System Study (ACSYS) and the Global Energy and Water Cycle Experiment (GEWEX). • A decision to apply for funding as a Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) Scientific Affairs Division. • That expenses would be covered in part by funds available through an existing NSF grant to the SCOR Executive offices in Baltimore, MD. • The appointment of myself to be Chairman/Manager for the Symposium. • Provision of a recommended list of Scientific Advisors to assist the Chainnan in selecting key speakers.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780792364399
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York, LLC
Publication date: 06/28/2000
Series: NATO Science Series
Pages: 644
Product dimensions: 65.00(w) x 95.00(h) x 1.50(d)

Table of Contents

Prefaceix
Acknowledgementsxi
Summary Poemxiii
Introductionxv
1.Oceanic freshwater fluxes in the climate system1
2.Global atmospheric circulation patterns and relationships to Arctic freshwater fluxes21
3.Atmospheric components of the Arctic Ocean freshwater balance and their interannual variability45
4.Hydroclimatology of the Arctic drainage basin57
5.The Arctic Ocean's freshwater budget: sources, storage and export91
6.The Arctic ocean freshwater budget of a climate General Circulation Model127
7.Atmospheric components of the Arctic Ocean hydrologic budget assessed from Rawinsonde data141
8.Reanalyses depictions of the Arctic atmospheric moisture budget163
9.Moisture transport to Arctic drainage basins relating to significant precipitation events and cyclogenesis197
10.Atmospheric climate models: simulation of the Arctic Ocean fresh water budget components209
11.Discharge observation networks in Arctic regions: computation of the river runoff into the Arctic Ocean, its seasonality and variability249
12.Arctic river flow: a review of contributing areas269
13.The dynamics of river water inflow to the Arctic Ocean281
14.River input of water, sediment, major ions, nutrients and trace metals from Russian territory to the Arctic Ocean297
15.The dispersion of Siberian river flows into coastal waters: meteorological, hydrological and hydrochemical aspects323
16.The variable climate of the Mackenzie River basin: its water cycle and fresh water discharge367
17.Arctic estuaries and ice: a positive-negative estuarine couple383
18.Satellite views of the Arctic Ocean freshwater balance409
19.Tracer studies of the Arctic freshwater budget453
20.Exchanges of freshwater through the shallow straits of the North American Arctic479
21.The transformations of Atlantic water in the Arctic Ocean and their significance for the freshwater budget503
22.Modelling the variability of exchanges between the Arctic Ocean and the Nordic seas533
23.Sea ice growth, melt and modeling: a survey533
24.Fresh water freezing/melting cycle in the Arctic Ocean589
Colour Plates609
Subject Index621

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