Caste and gender are complex markers of difference that have traditionally been addressed in isolation from each other, with a presumptive maleness present in most studies of Dalits (“untouchables”) and a presumptive upper-casteness in many feminist studies. In this study of the representations of Dalits in the print culture of colonial north India, Charu Gupta enters new territory by looking at images of Dalit women as both victims and vamps, the construction of Dalit masculinities, religious conversion as an alternative to entrapment in the Hindu caste system, and the plight of indentured labor.
The Gender of Caste uses print as a critical tool to examine the depictions of Dalits by colonizers, nationalists, reformers, and Dalits themselves and shows how differentials of gender were critical in structuring patterns of domination and subordination.
About the Author
Charu Gupta is associate professor of history at the University of Delhi. She is the author of Sexuality, Obscenity, Community: Women, Muslims, and the Hindu Public in Colonial India and editor of Gendering Colonial India: Reforms, Print, Caste, and Communalism.
Table of Contents
Abbreviations Preface and Acknowledgments Introduction: Gendering Dalits 1. Dirty “Other” Vamp: (Mis)Representing Dalit Women 2. Paradoxes of Victimhood: Iconographies of Suffering, Sympathy, and Subservience 3. Dalit Viranganas: (En)Gendering the Dalit Reinvention of 1857 4. Feminine, Criminal, or Manly? Imaging Dalit Masculinities 5. Intimate and Embodied Desires: Religious Conversions and Dalit Women6. Goddesses and Women’s Songs: Negotiating Dalit Popular Religion and Culture 7. Caste, Indentured Women, and the Hindi Public Sphere Conclusion Glossary Bibliography Index
What People are Saying About This
The first book that brings together non-Dalit and Dalit discourse and print literature to explore representations of Dalits: their bodies, labor, and cultural and religious practices in Hindi discourses. The Gender of Caste takes on an important topic and contributes a wealth of material and analysis.
The Gender of Caste is a tremendous scholarly achievement that freshly illuminates a nuanced narrative about gender and caste as forms of social practice and associative ideologies that serve to constitute one another. Gupta ably moves among the fields of history, literature, visual culture, folk culture, and religion to tell this story with remarkable clarity and depth.
Once again, Gupta has crafted a meticulous and groundbreaking contribution to the social and cultural history of the Hindi-medium public sphere. Through insightful analysis of a remarkable range of early print sources, including words and images, she chronicles both the changing depiction of Dalits and especially of Dalit womenas vamps and victims, as gullible converts and heroic martyrsas well as Dalit responses and resistance to such representations. The result is a fine-grained study of ‘othering’ that sheds new light on the multiple selves that it seeks to define and defend.
An important contribution to the scholarship on caste struggles by one of our key historians of gender history. By bringing an historical perspective to the study of Dalit women’s lives, the book alters the overwhelmingly male focus of existing works on caste reform and Dalit politics.