A comprehensive overview of the history of Turkey ranging from the earliest Neolithic civilizations, to the establishment of the Republic in 1923, to the present-day tenure of President Erdoğan.
• Covers the history of Turkey since antiquity
• Explores Turkey's ancient civilizations, such as the Ottomans, the Byzantines, the Romans, the Greeks, the Hittites, and other Indo-Europeans
• Emphasizes the evolution of the modern Turkish democracy in the last 100 years
• Discusses the mixed legacy of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, including Turkish nationalism, aggressive secularism, and repeated military meddling in Turkey's democratic system
About the Author
Douglas A. Howard, PhD, is professor of history at Calvin College and director of a regular study-abroad program in Turkey.