From the shelling of the fort at Westerplatte, on the Polish coast, on 1 September 1939, to the loss of thousands of German refugees at sea in May 1945, the Baltic witnessed continuous and ferocious fighting throughout World War II. In this new book Poul Groos chronicles naval warfare in the region and covers such major events as the siege of Leningrad, the Soviet campaign against Sweden in 1942, the three wars in Finland 1939-44, the Soviet liberation of the Baltic states, and the German evacuation of two million people from the East, and the Soviet race westwards in 1945.
Groos also explores topics such as Swedish cooperation with Germany, the Germans' use of the Baltic to train U-boats crews for the battle of the Atlantic, the secret weapons trials in the remote area of Peenmünde, and the RAF mining campaign that reduced the threat of new and revolutionary German submarine technology. He explains how messages from Bletchley Park were the basis for the RAF attacks on German coastal regions. Moreover, Groos provides the political and military context of the war in this theater and he describes details of ships, radar, artillery, mines, and aircraft.
|Publisher:||Naval Institute Press|
|Product dimensions:||9.30(w) x 6.40(h) x 1.40(d)|
About the Author
POUL GROOSS is a retired Danish Navy captain who commanded torpedo boats and guided-missile corvettes in a career that lasted more than forty years. He is a teacher of naval warfare at the Royal Danish Naval Academy, Chairman of the Naval History Society of the Royal Danish Naval Museum, and a tour guide on military history expeditions to the Eastern Front.
Table of Contents
1 The Baltic: Geography and History 1
2 Political Manoeuvring Between the Wars 12
3 Naval Developments Between the Wars 18
4 The Attack on Poland 46
5 The Baltic Region After the Polish Campaign: October 1939 - June 1941 62
6 Attack on the Soviet Union: 22 June 1941 - Spring 1942 119
7 The War between Spring 1942 and Spring 1944 175
8 Towards the End: Spring 1944 - New Year 1944/1945 220
9 New Year 1944/1945 to the End of the War - Month by Month 262
10 The End of the War: Aftermath and Retrospect 336
11 Postscript 345
1 Chronology of Key Events up to the Outbreak of War 365
2 Glossary, Abbreviations, Ranks, Terminology and Explanations 369
3 Cross-reference List of Place Names in Various Languages 375
Sources and Bibliography 385
Index of Ship Names 391
Index of People 397