The Newark Earthworks: Enduring Monuments, Contested Meanings

The Newark Earthworks: Enduring Monuments, Contested Meanings

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Overview

Considered a wonder of the ancient world, the Newark Earthworks—the gigantic geometrical mounds of earth built nearly two thousand years ago in the Ohio valley—have been a focal point for archaeologists and surveyors, researchers and scholars for almost two centuries. In their prime one of the premier pilgrimage destinations in North America, these monuments are believed to have been ceremonial centers used by ancestors of Native Americans, called the "Hopewell culture," as social gathering places, religious shrines, pilgrimage sites, and astronomical observatories. Yet much of this territory has been destroyed by the city of Newark, and the site currently "hosts" a private golf course, making it largely inaccessible to the public.

The first book-length volume devoted to the site, The Newark Earthworks reveals the magnitude and the geometric precision of what remains of the earthworks and the site’s undeniable importance to our history. Including contributions from archaeologists, historians, cultural geographers, and cartographers, as well as scholars in religious studies, legal studies, indigenous studies, and preservation studies, the book follows an interdisciplinary approach to shine light on the Newark Earthworks and argues compellingly for its designation as a World Heritage Site.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780813937786
Publisher: University of Virginia Press
Publication date: 04/01/2016
Series: Studies in Religion and Culture
Pages: 352
Sales rank: 834,926
Product dimensions: 6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.90(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

Lindsay Jones is Professor of Comparative Studies at The Ohio State University. Richard D. Shiels is Emeritus Associate Professor of History at The Ohio State University.

Table of Contents

Foreword Glenna J. Wallace, Chief, Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma ix

Introduction: I Had No Idea! Competing Claims to Distinction at the Newark Earthworks Lindsay Jones 1

Part I The Newark Earthworks in the Context of American and Ohio History

The Newark Earthworks Past and Present Richard D. Shiels 23

Part II The Newark Earthworks in the Context of Hopewell Archaeology and Archaeoastronomy

The Newark Earthworks: A Monumental Engine of World Renewal Bradley T. Lepper 41

The Newark Earthworks: A Grand Unification of Earth, Sky, and Mind Ray Hively Robert Horn 62

Part III The Newark Earthworks in Cross-Cultural Archaeological Contexts: Nazca, Chaco, and Stonehenge

An Andeanist's Perspective on the Newark Earthworks Helaine Silverman 97

Hopewell and Chaco: The Consequences of Rituality Stephen H. Lekson 111

Beyond Newark: Prehistoric Ceremonial Centers and Their Cosmologies Timothy Darvill 129

Part IV The Newark Earthworks in Interdisciplinary Contexts: Architectural History, Cartography, and Religious Studies

The Newark Earthworks as "Works" of Architecture John E. Hancock 153

The Newark Earthworks as a Liminal Place: A Comparative Analysis of Hopewell-Period Burial Rituals and Mounds with a Particular Emphasis on House Symbolism Thomas Barrie 164

The Cartographic Legacy of the Newark Earthworks Margaret Wickens Pearce 180

The Modern Religiosity of the Newark Earthworks Thomas S. Bremer 198

Part V The Newark Earthworks in the Context of Indigenous Rights and Identity: American and International Frames

Native (Re)investments in Ohio: Evictions, Earthworks Preservation, and Tribal Stewardship Marti L. Chaatsmith 215

Whose Earthworks? Newark and Indigenous People Mary N. MacDonald 230

Part VI The Newark Earthworks in the Context of Law and Jurisprudence: Ancient and Ongoing Possibilities

The Peoples Belong to the Land: Contemporary Stewards for the Newark Earthworks Duane Champagne Carole Goldberg 245

Caring for Depressed Cultural Sites, Hawaiian Style Greg Johnson 262

Imagining "Law-Stuff" at the Newark Earthworks Winnifred Eallers Sullivan 277

Appendix: What Is So Special about the Newark Earthworks? Fifteen Viable Replies 289

Bibliography 293

List of Contributors 317

Index 319

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