By conservative estimates about 50 million migrants are currently living outside of their home communities, forced to flee to obtain some measure of safety and security. In addition to persecution, human rights violations, repression, conflict, and natural and human-made disasters, current causes of forced migration include environmental and development-induced factors. Today's migrants include the internally displaced, a category that has only recently entered the international lexicon. But the legal and institutional system created in the aftermath of World War II to address refugee movements is now proving inadequate to provide appropriate assistance and protection to the full range of forced migrants needing attention today. The Uprooted is the first volume to methodically examine the progress and persistent shortcomings of the current humanitarian regime. The authors, all experts in the field of forced migration, describe the organizational, political, and conceptual shortcomings that are creating the gaps and inefficiencies of international and national agencies to reach entire categories of forced migrants. They make policy-based recommendations to improve international, regional, national, and local responses in areas including organization, security, funding, and durability of response. For all those working on behalf of the world's forced migrants, The Uprooted serves as a call to arms, emphasizing the urgent need to develop more comprehensive and cohesive strategies to address forced migration in its complexity.
About the Author
Susan F. Martin is Director of the Institute of the Study of International Migration (ISIM) at Georgetown University. Patricia Weiss Fagen is Senior Associate at ISIM. Kari M. Jorgensen is Program Officer in the Office of Emergency and Transition Programs at CHF International. Lydia Mann-Bondat is associate director for training and capacity building at ISIM. Andrew Schoenholtz is Visiting Professor and Deputy Director at ISIM.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction Chapter 2 Improving Legal Frameworks Chapter 3 Evolving Institutional Responses: Towards a UN High Commissioner for Forced Migrants Chapter 4 Funding Humanitarian Operations Chapter 5 Providing Security to Forced Migrants and Humanitarian Operations Chapter 6 Challenge of Finding Solutions For A Growing Population of Forced Migrants
What People are Saying About This
Rather than parse legal or institutional distinctions about kinds of war victims, The Uprooted documents the inadequacy of the current international regime for forced migrants. In making sensible proposals to better address the needs of all war-affected populations, this book prods donors, scholars, and aid personnel to think creatively about addressing the problems of people rather than bureaucrats.
A courageous look at the inadequacies of the international humanitarian system and the creative, bold solutions needed to fix them. Based on extensive fieldwork, this study innovatively proposes a High Commissioner for Forced Migrants to address comprehensively the needs of refugees and displaced persons. Its recommendations are a must for policymakers and practitioners interested in filling the legal, institutional, resource and security gaps in the international response to humanitarian emergencies.
The Uprooted provides a compelling and comprehensive account of the international response to refugee crises and offers a series of valuable suggestions with regard to the way that response might be strengthened. It is essential reading for policymakers, practitioners, and scholars with an interest in humanitarian action.